Government 2306 Exam 1
Government 2306 Exam 1 GOVT 2306
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Benjamin Galicia on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Iliev in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 231 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Government 2306 Exam 1 Study Guide Politics o Who gets what, when, where, and how o Dif from econ. Why gov o Pol enforced by gov o Gov is org. legit means of coercion in society o Solves problems market society cannot solve o Problems exist in collective action o People have trouble when no external force to stop it Def of gov o Organized Structure Independent of individuals and in structure Positions independent of occupant o Legit Citizens are accepting Loyalty Can survive without legit. Built Divine decree Democratic selection reputation o Coercion Sep. gov from non-gov org. Gov engage in action Taxes, fines, eminent domain, draft Wage war, produce and use munitions Public and Collective Action o Translate preference into policy o Knows and understand pref. are considered o Serves dif publics or dif preferences Gov do? o Rules o Rational decision-making o Security, protection o Public goods Social Contract o Can be written or verbal o Ex. Constitution and texas constitution o Get out of state of nature, mitigate “bad things”, updateable o Solve a bigger problem. Problems of Social Org o Collective Action Group dilemmas come from individual action Pollution, national defense, jury duty, public health o Rules and Agenda Gov decided what rules and process to make collective decisions Decision rules and order of agenda not neutral o Principle-agent Governance to complex for individual Engange in deligation State and Local Government Capacity to play central in U.S. system Bureaucracy Responsible and democratic gov’t Federalism and intergov relations o 50’s – 60’s “ineffective services o 80’s – now “resurgence, proactive” Challenges of Local Government Fiscal Stress Interjurisdictional conflict Political corruption Changes of the New Deal Policy o Workplace law o Regulation of business and commerce o Social Welfare Fed. Gov’t o Perception and realities of racism by state and local gov’t o Professional federal bureaucracy Top-Down Policy National Gov’t dominate choices Referred to as Picket-Fence federalism o Benefits include: vertical alliances, specialization o Drawbacks include: mandates sometimes unfunded, delegation and monitoring problems Local levels administer public policies Vertical relationship federal to local Policy Instruments Positive incentives (carrots) o Fiscal policies o Tax incentives Negative inducements (sticks) o Tax expenditures o Regulations and Laws Power of Government National government State Government Coin money Regulate commerce Run elections Tax Tax Intrastate commerce Treaties Money Establish forms of Laws Banks state and local War Property Gov’t Postal system Laws Protect public health Texas Political Culture Political Culture: shared values, beliefs, attitudes on gov’t and society functionality Shaped by origins and experiences Defined by orientation: o Marketplace, role of gov’t, participate in gov’t and politics Traditionalistic-moralistic Low taxes, Business interests Diverse background: cities, people, business Economic Evolution Cotton and Cattle o Cotton 1820’s, largest in 1880’s Labor intensive, stuck in rural areas Crop-lien puts people in debt Support for Grange and Populist movement o Cattle Dominated industry for over century 2% population now on farms Oil o 1930’s replaces agriculture o Coal to oil as primary o Industrialism along coast and boomtowns Technology, Medicine, Energy, and Banking Texas Railroad Commission Regulates oil and gas Stability of markets i.e. pipeline carriers sell to diff. companies, and smooth pricing NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement (1992) o Mexico, United States, and Canada Texas increased trade by $10 billion 1992-1997, double digit gains New Constitution After articles failed, gov’t met to create new constitution o Two plans proposed Virginia Plan for large states Two chambers on population Lower voted by people, higher voted by lower Chambers cannot veto state laws, council of revision can veto chambers New Jersey Plan for the smaller states Single Chamber: equal rep. between states Same as Articles with taxing power and regulation of commerce Can veto state Plural executive; court appointed Goals for the constitution o Control groups for peace keeping o Allow states some power o Representation system: Common market, collective action o Certain agents cover out different functions of government Great Compromise o Two Chambers House of Rep: based on pop. Senate: equal rep. for all states o Levy tax in lower chamber o Broad list of powers, needs majority rule for decisions Benefits and Drawbacks Benefits o No interpretation o Little debate and limits power Drawbacks o Does not adapt well o Hamper policymaking and confusing Structure of State Bicameral o Senate 31 members 4 year terms, no max term limit o House of reps. 150 members 2 year term, no max term limit Term is usually 2 years Committee system o Standing, joint, conference, interim Texas Structure o Not full time job o Meets 140 days on odd numbered years (Jan. – May) Bills into Law (or not) Must pass both chambers Governor may: o Sign o Veto o Do nothing: usually turns into lay Legislative Organization Speaker of the House o Appoints committee seats and chair Lt. Governor of the Senate o Flow of legislation o 80% assignment of committee seats and chair Membership of house committee based on seniority Chairs apt. by the Speaker
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