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Government 2306 Exam 1

by: Benjamin Galicia

Government 2306 Exam 1 GOVT 2306

Benjamin Galicia

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Study guide over lecture material for exam 1 on Monday 2/15/16
State and Local Government
Iliyan Iliev
Study Guide
Government: State and Local
50 ?




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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Benjamin Galicia on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Iliyan Iliev in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 231 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Government 2306 Exam 1 Study Guide  Politics o Who gets what, when, where, and how o Dif from econ.  Why gov o Pol enforced by gov o Gov is org. legit means of coercion in society o Solves problems market society cannot solve o Problems exist in collective action o People have trouble when no external force to stop it  Def of gov o Organized  Structure  Independent of individuals and in structure  Positions independent of occupant o Legit  Citizens are accepting  Loyalty  Can survive without legit.  Built  Divine decree  Democratic selection  reputation o Coercion  Sep. gov from non-gov org.  Gov engage in action  Taxes, fines, eminent domain, draft  Wage war, produce and use munitions  Public and Collective Action o Translate preference into policy o Knows and understand pref. are considered o Serves dif publics or dif preferences  Gov do? o Rules o Rational decision-making o Security, protection o Public goods  Social Contract o Can be written or verbal o Ex. Constitution and texas constitution o Get out of state of nature, mitigate “bad things”, updateable o Solve a bigger problem.  Problems of Social Org o Collective Action  Group dilemmas come from individual action  Pollution, national defense, jury duty, public health o Rules and Agenda  Gov decided what rules and process to make collective decisions  Decision rules and order of agenda not neutral o Principle-agent  Governance to complex for individual  Engange in deligation State and Local Government  Capacity to play central in U.S. system  Bureaucracy  Responsible and democratic gov’t  Federalism and intergov relations o 50’s – 60’s “ineffective services o 80’s – now “resurgence, proactive” Challenges of Local Government  Fiscal Stress  Interjurisdictional conflict  Political corruption Changes of the New Deal  Policy o Workplace law o Regulation of business and commerce o Social Welfare  Fed. Gov’t o Perception and realities of racism by state and local gov’t o Professional federal bureaucracy Top-Down Policy  National Gov’t dominate choices  Referred to as Picket-Fence federalism o Benefits include: vertical alliances, specialization o Drawbacks include: mandates sometimes unfunded, delegation and monitoring problems  Local levels administer public policies  Vertical relationship federal to local Policy Instruments  Positive incentives (carrots) o Fiscal policies o Tax incentives  Negative inducements (sticks) o Tax expenditures o Regulations and Laws Power of Government National government State Government Coin money Regulate commerce Run elections Tax Tax Intrastate commerce Treaties Money Establish forms of Laws Banks state and local War Property Gov’t Postal system Laws Protect public health Texas Political Culture  Political Culture: shared values, beliefs, attitudes on gov’t and society functionality  Shaped by origins and experiences  Defined by orientation: o Marketplace, role of gov’t, participate in gov’t and politics  Traditionalistic-moralistic  Low taxes, Business interests  Diverse background: cities, people, business Economic Evolution  Cotton and Cattle o Cotton  1820’s, largest in 1880’s  Labor intensive, stuck in rural areas  Crop-lien puts people in debt  Support for Grange and Populist movement o Cattle  Dominated industry for over century  2% population now on farms  Oil o 1930’s replaces agriculture o Coal to oil as primary o Industrialism along coast and boomtowns  Technology, Medicine, Energy, and Banking Texas Railroad Commission  Regulates oil and gas  Stability of markets i.e. pipeline carriers sell to diff. companies, and smooth pricing NAFTA  North American Free Trade Agreement (1992) o Mexico, United States, and Canada  Texas increased trade by $10 billion 1992-1997, double digit gains New Constitution  After articles failed, gov’t met to create new constitution o Two plans proposed  Virginia Plan for large states  Two chambers on population  Lower voted by people, higher voted by lower  Chambers cannot veto state laws, council of revision can veto chambers  New Jersey Plan for the smaller states  Single Chamber: equal rep. between states  Same as Articles with taxing power and regulation of commerce  Can veto state  Plural executive; court appointed  Goals for the constitution o Control groups for peace keeping o Allow states some power o Representation system:  Common market, collective action o Certain agents cover out different functions of government  Great Compromise o Two Chambers  House of Rep: based on pop.  Senate: equal rep. for all states o Levy tax in lower chamber o Broad list of powers, needs majority rule for decisions Benefits and Drawbacks  Benefits o No interpretation o Little debate and limits power  Drawbacks o Does not adapt well o Hamper policymaking and confusing Structure of State  Bicameral o Senate  31 members  4 year terms, no max term limit o House of reps.  150 members  2 year term, no max term limit  Term is usually 2 years  Committee system o Standing, joint, conference, interim  Texas Structure o Not full time job o Meets 140 days on odd numbered years (Jan. – May) Bills into Law (or not)  Must pass both chambers  Governor may: o Sign o Veto o Do nothing: usually turns into lay Legislative Organization  Speaker of the House o Appoints committee seats and chair  Lt. Governor of the Senate o Flow of legislation o 80% assignment of committee seats and chair  Membership of house committee based on seniority  Chairs apt. by the Speaker


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