New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Bio Sci 150 Exam 1 Review of Macromolecules

by: Stege Notetaker

Bio Sci 150 Exam 1 Review of Macromolecules Bio Sci 150-402

Marketplace > University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee > Biological Sciences > Bio Sci 150-402 > Bio Sci 150 Exam 1 Review of Macromolecules
Stege Notetaker
GPA 4.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Describes proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, and nucleic acids
Selvakumar Ramakrishnan
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Biosci150

Popular in Biological Sciences

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Stege Notetaker on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio Sci 150-402 at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee taught by Selvakumar Ramakrishnan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Biosci150 in Biological Sciences at University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee.

Similar to Bio Sci 150-402 at UWM

Popular in Biological Sciences


Reviews for Bio Sci 150 Exam 1 Review of Macromolecules


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/10/16
PROTEINS  20 amino acids  Have at least one amino group (--NH2) and one acid carboxyl group (--COOH)  4kcal/g energy  Methionine o The amino acid that begins every protein on earth CARBOHYDRATES Linking sugar monomers (monosaccharides) to form polysaccharides (CH2O)n 4kcal/g energy hydrophylic organic molecule, fuel for cell activity, food reserve, part of DNA/RNA, component of cell membranes Glycogen o Storage form of energy Monosaccharides o 3-7 Carbon atoms o Glucose, Galactose, Fructose Disaccharides o Sucrose  Glucose/fructose o Lactose  Glucose/galactose o Maltose  Glucose/Glucose Polysaccharides o Starch (only one digestible in humans) o Cellulose (fiber, cannot digest) o Glycogen- made in liver and other areas, stored in muscles for energy LIPIDS  Non covalent forces maintain interactions between monomers  Carboxyl acid group at one end, and methyl group at the other end  4-24 carbon atoms  We synthesize about 85% of needed lipids and fat but rely on diet for the rest of the 15%  5 primary types o Fatty acids, triglycerides, phospholipids, eicosanoids, steroids  Triglycerides o 3 fatty acids covalently bonded o Glycerol  Saturated o C atoms saturated with hydrogens  Unsaturated o C=C bonds without hydrogens  Polyunsaturated o Contains many C=C bonds  Cholesterol o Parent steroid o Required for nervous system and cell membranes o Synthesized in liver  9 kcal/g energy  Fats, oils, waxes, steroids, cholesterol, phospholipids (make membranes)  Insoluble in water  Structural component of cells and energy source  Insulation, shock absorption  Eicosanoids o 20 carbon compounds derived from a fatty acid called arachidonic acid o Hormone like o Includes prostaglandins—produced in all tissues  Role in inflammation, blood clotting, hormone action, labor contractions, blood vessel diameter NUCLEIC ACIDS  Formed from 4 kinds of nucleotide monomers  Nucleotides consist of a o Pentose o Phosphate group o Nitrogen-containing base (purine or pyrimidine)  Nucleosides consist of a o Pentose o Nitrogen-containing base  Two nucleic acids found in living organisms o RNA  Adenine, Uracil, Cytosine, Guanine  Has ribose  Single-stranded  A hydrogen bonds with U  C hydrogen bonds with G o DNA  Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine  Has deoxyribose  Exists as a double helix  A hydrogen bonds with T  C hydrogen bonds with G  ATP o Adenosine triphosphate o Has ribose, adenine, and 3 phosphate groups o Energy is released when ATP is hydrolyzed Primary- polypeptide chain, peptide bonds Secondary- folding or coiling amino chains into particular patter, hydrogen bonding (alpha helix or a pleated sheet) Tertiary- folding of protein into globular shapes or fibrous threadlike strands, covalent bonding, disulfide bonds Quaternary- association of several tertiary structured polypeptide chains, 2 or more polypeptides join to form a single protein


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.