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PSY 150 Midterm 1 Study Guide

by: Lorelei Wong

PSY 150 Midterm 1 Study Guide PSY 150A1

Marketplace > University of Arizona > Psychlogy > PSY 150A1 > PSY 150 Midterm 1 Study Guide
Lorelei Wong
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CH 1-4 Study Guide
Structure of Mind & Behavior
Dr. Adam Lazarewicz
Study Guide
Psychology, Structure of Mind & Behavior
50 ?




Popular in Structure of Mind & Behavior

Popular in Psychlogy

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lorelei Wong on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 150A1 at University of Arizona taught by Dr. Adam Lazarewicz in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 498 views. For similar materials see Structure of Mind & Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Arizona.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
PSY 150A1 With Prof. Lazarewicz Midterm Exam #1 Chapter 1: History & Approaches of Psychology  Hindsight bias is the _____mentality, or the tendency to _____.  Psychology is the scientific study of _____ and _____.  Roots of psychology _____ and _____. o What did Hippocrates believe? o What is phrenology? o John Locke and tabula rasa = “_____”.  Structuralism: _____.  Functionalism: _____.  Gestalt psychology: the whole is _____ the sum of its parts.  Perceptual units: _____.  What is the importance of Sigmund Freud? o Psychoanalysis: our most unconscious urges are ____ and/or _____ in nature.  Behaviorism is focused on _____. o 2 responses are _____ psychology and _____. o What did these two things do? Chapter 2: Research Methods  5 steps of scientific method o 1. _____ o 2. _____ o 3. _____ o 4. _____ o 5. _____  Descriptive research describes characteristics of _____ or _____.  Case study vs. survey vs. naturalistic observation o Pros: _____ o Cons: _____ o What is an example of each?  Population is _____, while a sample is _____. o Random sample consists of _____.  What is a correlation? o Correlational coefficient (-1 to 1)  (-) predicts what?  (+) predicts what?  (0) predicts what?  Direction (+/-) & size (#)  What do larger correlations predict? Smaller correlations?  Give 0.32, how predictive is the correlation between something?  Is a correlation of 0.89 bigger than -0.89? More predictive or less predictive? More correlation or less correlation? o Does correlation imply causation? PSY 150A1 With Prof. Lazarewicz  What does experimental research find?  Independent variable (IV) _____(is or is not) manipulated by the researcher.  Dependent variable (DV) is _____ in an experiment.  What does a confound do to variables?  Why is random assignment important? What could happen if this doesn’t happen?  What are some things that can effect reliability of an experiment? How can the validity be maintained?  4 possible sources of bias are _____, _____, _____, and _____. o What are some examples of the placebo effect? o In a double blind ____ party knows the information.  How did the institutional review board (IRB) come along? o They are required to give participants a form of _____ before an experiment and _____ them after an experiment. Chapter 3: Biological Bases of Behavior  A neuron is _____. Made up of _____, _____, _____,_____, and _____. Which each do _____. o What part is responsible for sending messages? o What part is responsible for receiving messages?  A neuron is either _____ or at _____. No in between (all-or-none). o Resting potential is _____. o Action potential is _____. o Expiatory messages _____. o Inhibitory messages _____. o Threshold is the amount of _____ needed to fire.  What does a neurotransmitter do? o Acetylcholine (Ach) is responsible for _____.  If someone’s acetylcholine decreases what might happen? o Dopamine control’s the brain’s _____ & _____ centers.  What might increase dopamine? o Norepinephrine controls _____.  What is an example of norepinephrine in action? o Serotonin regulates _____.  What might a decrease in serotonin do?  Agonist ____ neurotransmission.  Antagonist _____ neurotransmission.  What is neuroimaging? o EEG’s measure the brain’s _____. o CT’s measure the brain ______. o PET’s track _____ injected in the brain to see _____. o MRI’s use _____fields to _____.  fMRI detects _____ through the brain.  The hindbrain is the “_____” part of the brain, the forebrain is the “_____” part of the brain. o Medulla controls _____. PSY 150A1 With Prof. Lazarewicz o Pons controls _____. o Reticular formation is the bundle of _____ running through the brainstem. o Cerebellum is the “_____” that coordinates _____. o Thalamus is the _____ relay station. It receives info and sends to the appropriate brain structure. o Amygdala is responsible for _____. o Hypothalamus maintains _____ in the body. o Hippocampus triggers the processes that store/receive _____. o Cerebral cortex is the _____ part of the brain. o Corpus callosum connects _____. o Frontal lobe is responsible for _____. o Parietal lobe is responsible for the sense of _____. o Temporal lobe is responsible for _____. o Occipital lobe is responsible for _____.  Plasticity is the brain’s ability to _____ itself. Chapter 4: Sensation & Perception  Sensation is _____, while perception is _____.  _____ processing is initiated by sensory input working up to perception and _____ processing guides perception.  Absolute threshold is the _____ amount of sensory stimulus needed to notice that the stimulus is there.  Subliminal sensation is a sensory signal that _____ registered by our conscious awareness.  What happens when priming takes place?  A decrease in sensitivity due to constant stimulation is _____.  Transduction transforms _____ info into _____ impulses.  Amplitude of light waves register as _____ in the brain. Wavelengths register as _____.  Structures of the eye: o Cornea _____ the eye. o The small openings that allows light in are the _____. o _____ are the colored muscle that adjust size of the pupil. o Lens _____ light to focus an image on the back of the eye. o The _____ surrounds the entire inner part of the eye. It contains rods that see _____ light and cones that see _____.  Trichromatic theory of vision is _____.  Opponent-process theory of vision is _____.  How old are we when we get depth perception and what is it?  Perceptual constancy is _____.  Schemas are _____.  Perceptual processing role in attention is _____.  Change blindness is _____.  Synesthesia is _____ and ideasthesia is _____. o What are some examples of these?


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