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Intro Sociology Exam 1

by: Jade Frederickson

Intro Sociology Exam 1 Sociology 20213

Jade Frederickson
GPA 4.0
Introductory Sociology
Dr. Hampton

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About this Document

Includes summary of all notes and a quizlet link to vocabulary terms
Introductory Sociology
Dr. Hampton
Study Guide
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This 0 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jade Frederickson on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 20213 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Hampton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 143 views.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
Sociology Review Exam 1 Chapter 1 Key Points 0 Main theme of sociology our everyday thoughts and actions are the product of a complex interplay between massive social forces and personal characteristics 0 The sociological imagination is a lens to help us view and perceive the world as well as understand how the world impacts our private lives I Phrase coined by C Wright Mills 0 For example relationships are not entirely private entities I they are in uenced by forces beyond our control 0 Sociology studies both how societies and humans interact as individuals and as groups Chapter 2 Key Points 0 A society is composed of various levels of organization that help maintain stability Statuses Rbllles Grgups Organ i zations Institldtions 0 Societies contain both forces of stability and change 0 In uenced by people and in return in uences people 0 Everyone holds some type of status that helps to identify themselves 0 Could be ascribed born into or achieved take on 0 Status set is all of the statuses one person holds at one time 0 For example a teenage girl could be a daughter a sister a student and an athlete 0 Everyone also must fulfill a certain role within society that if not maintained properly can lead to strain or con ict 0 Groups are another structure that exist as another outlet for interaction between people 0 Can be part of the ingroup or the outgroup both of which have a certain set of expectations 0 Primary and secondary groups also exist 0 Organizations are higher levels of structure that have divisions of labor and consist of permanent and temporary groups 0 Social institutions form after status roles groups and organizations are established and teach us basic principles of life 0 Family moral compass supportlove traditions Education socialization interaction global citizen Economy standards of trade regulation Politics and law prevents chaos establishes order Religion values beliefs belonging and purpose Health care Military Mass media 0 A breakdown in any of the above causes dysfunctionality 0000000 0 There are three main ways to approach sociology O The Structural Functionalist perspective I Every part of society plays an important role and exists for a certain reason organs of a body I If it doesn t serve a purpose it will cease to exist I Macrolevel I Criticisms ignores emotional and psychological aspects ignores inequalities focuses on stability as opposed to con ict 0 Con ict Theorist Perspective I Focuses on con ict that exists within a society gender race etc I Macrolevel I Criticisms doesn t take into account all the things we have in commonrely solely on con ict may have a political agenda 0 Symbolic Interactionism I Understands society and social structure by examining how individuals interact on a daily basis I Symbol something used to represent something else I Microlevel I Criticisms overlooks the in uence of culture and outside interactions Chapter 3 Key Points 0 The social construction of reality is shaped by everything we see every day media friends and family language 0 What we know to be true is always a product of the culture and historical period in which we exist 0 Language gives meaning to our lives and determines our reality enforces ideas about the world conveys emotion I euphemisms to disguise certain unpleasant things 0 some groups have more in uence in constructing reality than others do I moral entrepreneurs also have more in uence in proposing laws because they are good at using publicity and public relations I Sociology relies on empirical research to find credible evidence and valid information 0 Starts with a hypothesis or main idea about certain variables in the world 0 Involves both qualitative and quantitative research 0 After research theories can be formed I There are also many ways to conduct research 0 Experiments teach us about actual human behaviors and actions I researcher can control all relevant variables I artificial nature of laboratory 0 Field research helps one to immerse oneself within a population being studied I Can also include participant and nonparticipant observation I detailed understanding of everyday life I time consuming and hard to replicate O Surveys are evaluations I large populations random can be generalized I little indepth information miswording of questions 0 Unobtrusive research is done by examining past data so that the researcher does not taint the experiment with their presence I Must examine the researcher s methods samples ethics and interests I Includes analysis of existing data content analysis and historical analysis Chapter 4 Key Points I Our culture is our set of values customs and beliefs that is typically only considered when examining something foreign 0 Made up of material and nonmaterial culture I Material culture includes buildings technology music food literature inventions and clothing I Nonmaterial culture includes thoughts language beliefs attitudes and feelings I Invisible and intangible 0 Always changing I Subcultures are smaller subgroups that exist inside a culture friend circle a student population a family I Counterculture is one that goes against that dominant values of society hippies old fashioned Amish I Nonmaterial culture is distinguished by four characteristics 0 Values 0 Beliefs O Norms I Which are further divided into I Folkways customs not strictly enforcedtable manners 0 mores norms that hold greater moral significancenot cheating on a test 0 laws norms that have formal rulesdon t murder 0 Sanctions I Formal sanctions are rewards or punishments conferred by recognized officials to enforce the most important norms I Informal sanctions are unofficial rewards or punishments such as smiles frowns or ignoring unacceptable behaviors Not sure about a term listed above Click here for a quizlet link I httDsquizletcom lzxudf Ferguson Article Summaries 1 C Wright Mills The Promise 0 This article discusses what the social imagination is how it is constructed and how it can be used to develop our understanding of the world and the people around us 0 Know the basis of his argument 2 Mary Romero An Intersection of Biography and History 0 This article discusses the role of housemaids in society and how they fit into our social imagination concept 0 Review the article and the main points the author is trying to make 3 Haney Banks and Zimbardo Interpersonal Dynamics in a Simulated Prison 0 This article illustrates the famous Zimbardo Stanford prison experiment 0 Note the variety of research elements found in the article 0 Describe any moral concerns there are with the experiments and how we as students can learn from it 4 Reinarman amp Levine Crack in Context Politics and Media in the Making of a Drug Scare 0 This article discusses how the social construction of reality can be deceptive if we are not given enough of the right kinds of facts 0 Depending on how the media portrays and event shapes our understanding of it 0 Review the question sheet given to us by Dr Hampton 5 Howard S Becker Culture A Sociological View 0 This article discusses what culture is and how it is formed form a sociological viewpoint Clearly these were very brief descriptions but if you are still unsure about the general premise of the articles go back and reread or at least skim the articles


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