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MUL2010 midterm study guide

by: Tori Ruby

MUL2010 midterm study guide MUL2010

Marketplace > University of Florida > Music > MUL2010 > MUL2010 midterm study guide
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About this Document

Notes from weeks 2 to 6
Introduction to Music Literature
Study Guide
Music, Literature
50 ?




Popular in Introduction to Music Literature

Popular in Music

This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tori Ruby on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUL2010 at University of Florida taught by Bargrizan,Navid in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 210 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Music Literature in Music at University of Florida.


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Date Created: 02/10/16
January 11, 2016 Gyӧrgy Ligeti Poḗme Symphonique for 100 Metronomes  Music doesn’t have to have extramusical associations  Programmed music vs absolute music o Programmed music: music with extramusical (external) meaning and implications o Absolute music: music for music’s sake  Formalistic music has structure (compare to cubism and Picasso)  The definition of music is relative  Oxford Music Online o “Imposing a single definition flies in the face of the broadly relativistic, intercultural, and historically conscious nature of this dictionary”  What is sound? o Vibration of air around or in an object o Measured in hertz (waves per second)  What is noise? o White, pink, purple, etc o Sound particles (different sounds) pressed together Cathy Berberian Stripsody o Is it music?  Three stages of hearing o Hearing: the physical part- vibrations hitting the ear drum o Listening: intentional, understanding o Attentiveness: is a process/ art with concentration and consciousness  Analysis  Interpretation January 13, 2016  John Cage 4’33”  What is silence? o Absence of noise and sound o There is no silence o Harvard echoless chamber  How many types of music can you name?  One possible classification o World music: local and regional music traditions  Geographic and ethnic origins  Usually oral  Noncommercial  Ex. Balinese Gamelan o Popular music: usually appeals to a wider audience  Music industry  Mass media  Ex. Adele – Set Fire to the Rain o Western art music (classical music): specific body of work produced by the Western people from medieval until now  Notation  Composed by individuals  Stylistically diverse  Western Art Music  Medieval (400-1430) o Ex. Leonin’s Pascha Nostrum Organum  Two voice organum  Renaissance (1430-1600) o Ex. Palestrina’s Motet for 5 voices  Polyphony: simultaneous melodic lines  Baroque (1600-1750) o Monteverdi’s Opera L’Orfeo  Classical (1750-1820)  Romance (1820-1900)  Modern (1900-present) January 20, 2016  The classical period o Enlightenment: the age of rationality o Vienna’s composers  Hayden, Mozart, Beethoven o Clear, periodical structures. Symmetry o Symphony, string quartet established o Beethoven’s Symphony 3 “Eroica”  Romantic period o Romanticism: emotionality, metaphysics, nature  Intensity of emotionality  Yearning for the unattainable o Chopin Etude 12 “Revolutionary”  Rubato: fluctuation of tempo due to mood of a piece  Twentieth century and twenty-first century o Serialism o Structuralism o Experimentalism o Impressionism o Neo-classicism o Stockhausen’s Helicopter String Quartet  Attacks pre-conceived concepts of music  John Cage o Music is like talking o Likes how sound is like acting o Sound is movement o Music is a combination of sounds January 25, 2016 Kayhan Kalhor- NPR music tiny desk concert Black Sabbath- Heaven and Hell  Composition, performer, perception  What is rhythm? o The ways in which music is organized into distinct units of time o Pulse or beat (musical heartbeat that underlines the musical flow) o Measure/bar: organized groups of repeated beats o Downbeat vs. upbeat o Brian Ferneyhough- Lemma- Icon- Epigram  Music is meant to challenge the performer o Stravinsky- The Rite of Spring  What is harmony? o Simultaneous pitches o Homophony o Consonant vs. dissonant: degree of pleasantness o Chords o Triad: three simultaneous pitches o Tonic, dominant, subdominant chords Mozart’s symphony no. 40 in g minor  What is timber (tone color) o Quality of sound (ex. Voice vs. instrument) o Overtones, spectrum, harmonies, etc. January 27, 2016  What is musical form? o Overall shape or structure of a piece of music o Most common forms in the western art music  Binary (2 parts): AB Greensleeves Bach’s Bouree  Ternary (3 parts): ABA Jethro Tull’s jazz version of Bach’s Bouree Twinkle Twinkle Little Star  Rondo: A (refrain) B (episode) A C (episode) Beethoven’s Pathetique piano  Sonata: ABA: introduction, exposition, development, recapitulation, coda Mozart’s Eineklein Nacht Musik  Theme and variation Benjamin Bitten’s Young Person’s Guide to the Orchestra  Many others  What is texture? o The ways in which different musical parts fit together o Monophony: single musical line without accompaniment  Nezasa Shirabe o Polyphony: several simultaneous, independent lines o Canon: adding the same line over and over  Gustav Mahler Symphony no. 1 3 Movement o Homophony: melody plus chordal accompaniment o Heterophony: same melody performed slightly differently multiple time February 1, 2016  How can music cross social/ ethnic/ national/ political barriers?  Daniel Barenboim’s interview as the UN’s peace messenger  Ethnicity: a social group that shares a common and distinctive identity in terms of culture, religion, language, etc.  Nationalism: pride or loyalty in one’s country  What is ethnic music? o Native American Fancy Dance o Jalolu Kora music of West Africa o Music of the African Diaspora  Sweet Little Angel by B.B. King  Riding with the King by Eric Clapton and B.B. King February 3, 2016  Dvorak: Slovanic Dance  What is the discipline of ethnomusicology? o Deals with musicology in folk or world music  Bela Bartok (1881-1945) o Through field research, he helped found ethnomusicology o Used folk music in compositions o Allegro Barbaro o 44 Violin Duos or Six Romanian Folkdances February 8, 2016 Simone Young Australian Conductor  Unequal number of men and women in music history o All about how men are more educated  How does music reflect and shape our cultural understanding about gender?  Can sound, music, and instruments be “feminine” or “masculine?” I or IV (1966) – Pauline Oliveros Repentance (2007) – Sofia Gubaildulia  Gender is different from sex o Gender is contextual o Sex is biological  Gender depends on a combination of societal expectations and individual preference  Gender roles are learned  They differ from one culture to the next, sometimes from one generation to the next  Gender is performed o Dresses v. shirts  Female musicians in western art music o Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179)  O Vigra Mediatrix  Abess and composer of sacred music o Contessa de Dia (late 12 century- early 13 century)  Contess and trobaritz  Secular music  A Chantar  Friendzone o Cara Shaumann (1819-1896)  Prelude and Fugue op. 16, No. 3  Overshadowed by husband o Amy Beach (1867-1944)  Gaelic Symphony o Ruth Crawford Seegar o Jaqueline du Pre (1945-1987) o Marta Argerich (1941-) o Anne Sophie- Mutter (1963-) o Maria Callas (1923-1977)  Habanera from Carmen o Simone Young (1961-) o Marin Aslop (1956-)  New musicology is a new type of musicology dealing with o Female o Gay/lesbian aspect February 10, 2016 David Bowie Starman  The emergence of television appearances  Girl groups  Most girl groups conformed to the period’s gender expectations, some have broken the stereotype o Elvis Jailhouse Rock o Queen Killer Queen o Queen I want to break free  Homosexual  Pushed comfort boundaries o Lady Gaga Poker face  Taking dominance  Bisexuality o Madonna Like a Prayer  Interracial relationships  Religious symbols  Semiotics: discipline which investigates the signs and what they mean in language Balinese women Gamelan orchestra o Seen as amateurs o Weren’t allowed to play until recently o Women’s instruments are made smaller than men’s


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