Intro to Philosophy Exam 1 Study Guide
Intro to Philosophy Exam 1 Study Guide PHIL 10100-01
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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Danielle Notetaker on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHIL 10100-01 at Ithaca College taught by Prof Frederik Kauffman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see Intro to Philosophy in PHIL-Philosophy at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Intro to Philosophy Study Guide Exam 1 Professor Kaufman Short Essay Questions 1 PICK ONE A What are the logical presuppositions assumptions of Socrates39 claim that an unexamined life is not worth living Should we agree with his assessment Why why not B Assess Socrates39 argument that we should not fear death because death is one of two things Should we agree with Socrates39 argument C What does the Socratic Method have to do with the Allegory of the Cave What insights can we glean from this A Socrates claims an unexamined life is not worth living because complying with beliefs or actions that others have or do without thinking as to why you do it is not thought of as worthwhile or admirable We should agree with this because we cannot just accept things for how they are and not question why they are that way then we would be considered ignorant B Socrates says we should not fear death because it is either continuation or annihilation He claims that both options can be good and that annihilation is like a dreamless sleep but to sleep means to wake up We don t have to agree with Socrates argument because death is indeed a very scary topic However we cannot live our lives in fear of dying because that clouds all the positive moments and keeps you from living life to the fullest C The Socratic Method is used to demonstrate what the truth of the matter is and its role in Allegory of the Cave is to drag you out the cave towards the truth The insights that we can gain is that an unexamined life is not worth living which means that people cannot accept what is given to them without questioning it for the truth Therefore we do not live among the shadows or opinion makers of society 2 PICK ONE A If different cultures have different beliefs about right and wrong would this be a good reason to think that moral relativism is true Why why not B Explain several implications conclusions of moral relativism that make the view look implausible unlikelyquestionable Can the moral relativist reply adequately to those implications Explain A If different cultures have different beliefs about right and wrong it is not a good reason to think moral relativism is true Just because a group of people agree on a topic it doesn t mean they are correct If moral relativism is true then both right and wrong arguments are true because that is their belief No moral progress is possible if moral relativism is true there would be no better or worse just different It would be easy to answer a moral question because whatever you believe is the right answer and that is the fact that makes moral relativism implausible because not everything you believe is correct 3 What are the three fundamental features of Kant39s moral philosophy Explain each and show its relevance to Kant39s view 1 2 The rationality of the will capable of thinking about the choices they make and selecting the right one The in nite worth of persons as endsinthemselves in nite worth or dignity that sets them above valuable things in the world Selflegislating or autonomous character of reason authors of the moral law obedience to duty is not slavish submission Kant says we can be moved by reason which makes us question whether we have acted wisely or foolishly Kant wants us to use these three principles to judge if we have acted rationally based on our choices
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