Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide Psych 361
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This 16 page Study Guide was uploaded by BoseAmosun on Wednesday February 10, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 361 at Washington State University taught by Dr. Carrie Cuttler in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 48 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Date Created: 02/10/16
Psychology 361 Exam 1 Study Guide 1. What abnormal facial characteristics are associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome(FAS) a. Shorter eyes b. Thin upper lip c. Lack of indentation from nose to lip d. All of the above 2. During which stage of labor is the cervix fully dilated and the mother begins to push? a. Stage 1 b. Stage 2 c. Stage 3 d. Stage 4 3. What is the habituation method used to accomplish? a. Collect in depth info about children and make conclusions b. Use questionnaires and interviews to run statistics c. Study same groups of people at different points in time as they age d. To understand whether infants can discriminate between two stimuli 4. When does the latency stage of Freud’s Psychosexual development occur? a. Birth to 1 year b. adulthood c. 6 to11 years d. 3 to 6 years e. adolescence 5. Which of the following research methods can be used to determine a cause- and-effect relationship between two variables? a. Structured Observation b. The Experimental Method c. The Correlational Method d. The Quasi Experimental Method e. B and D 6. In which stage of Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development, does object permanence occur? a.Preoperational b.Concrete Operational c.Sensorimotor d.Formal Operational 7. Which of the following is true regarding Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs? a. Self-Actualization is the lowest level drive on the hierarchy b. One’s drive for esteem must be satisfied before progressing to needs for safety c. Physiological needs must be met before progressing up the hierarchy d. Higher level drives must be satisfied before one can progress down the hierarchy e. All of the above are true 8. What is the order of Freud’s five psychosexual stages? a. Oral, Phallic, Latency, Anal, Genital. b. Phallic, Anal, Oral, Genital, Latency. c. Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital. d. Latency, Genital, Oral, Anal, Phallic. e. Genital, Phallic, Anal, Latency, Oral 9. During what age range does the preoperational stage of cognitive development occur? a. 12+ years b. 2-5 years c. Birth to 2 years d.5-11 years e.2-6 years 10. Which theory discuses the id, ego and superego? a.Cognitive theory b.Social Learning theory c.Psychosocial Theory d.Psychoanalytic theory e.Evolutionary theory 11. Which genetic abnormality occurs when a baby only has one X chromosome? a.Down Syndrome b.Klinefelter’s Syndrome c.Trisomy-21 d.Turners Syndrome e.Autism 12. S.E. regularly witnessed his father beat his mother when he was a child. As an adult, S.E. is abusive to his wife and has been arrested for domestic violence. What theory would be useful in explaining S.E.’s behavior? a.Freud’s Psychoanalytic Theory b.Information Processing Theory c.Piaget’s Psychosocial Theory d.Darwin’s Evolutionary Theory e.Bandura’s Social Learning Theory 13. Which of the following is NOT one of the five characteristics of development (One of the 5 Ms)? a.Multicultural b. Multicontexual c.Multidisciplinary d. Microsystematic e. None of the above 14. Which method allows for researchers to determine a cause and effect relationship? a.Habituation b.Correlational c.Cross-Sectional d.Experimental e.Survey 15. A mother has just given birth on the 39 week to a baby girl! Yet the baby weighs 5lbs. She would be considered: a. Low Birth Weight b. Very Low Birth Weight c.Small for Gestational Age d. She’s perfectly fine e. None of the above 16.Which of the following is NOT one of the five Psychosexual Stages are: a.Oral b.Anal c.Phallic d.Latency e.Id 17. What are some of the pros of breastfeeding? a. Reduces chances of ovarian cancer b. It can help lose baby weight c. It can help reduce the bleeding d. It helps reduce the uterus to natural size e. All of the above 18. The stage of Erikson’s Psychosocial development model that occurs during the teen years (12-18) is called: a. Success vs. Failure b. Identity vs. Role Confusion c. Vocation vs. Social d. Intimacy vs. Isolation e. Self Efficacy vs. Social Norms 19. Which one of the following is not part of Erikson’s Psychosocial Stages: a. Initiative vs. guilt b. Secure vs. Avoidant c. Generativity vs. Stagnation d. Identity vs. Role Confusion e. All of the above are part of Erikson’s stages 20. Which intervention drug is used to induce and strengthen contractions? This drug also increases pain and may lead to an epidural. a.Prozac b.Paxil c.Pitocin d.Pristiq e.Pradaxa 21. What is the Habituation Model? a. A research model used to study individuals in their every day environment. b. A research model used to study children in unfamiliar situations c. A research method used to study infants d.A research method used to study how fast individuals adapt to unpredictable changes. e.A research method used to study the effects of exposing children to violence. 22.Which is NOT in the five characteristics of Development? (The 5 Ms) a.Multidirectional b.Multiseasonal c.Multidisciplinary d.Multicontexual e.Malleable 23.What is an example of a Teratogen? a.Alcoholb.Nicotine c.Narcotics d.All of the above 24. What pair of chromosomes determine the sex of an individual (sex chromosomes)? rd a.23 pair th b.24 pair th c.16 pair d.21 pair e.18 th pair 25. Each molecule of DNA is called a(n): A. Gene B. RNA C. Zygote D. Chromosome 26. What is the Active Phase? a.When the cervix dilates from 3-4cm to 8cm b.When the mother is actively pushing her baby out c.When contractions begin to when they are 15 minutes apart d.When the mother delivers the placenta 27. Which of the following would be classified as very low birthweight (VLBW)? a.Under 4 pounds, 3 ounces atbirth b. Under 5 1⁄2 pounds at birth c.Under 2 pounds, 3 ounces atbirth d. Under 3 pounds, 5 ounces at birth 28. Which of the following is not one of Erikson’s 8 stages of development? a.Trust vs. Mistrust b. Active vs. Dormant c.Integrity vs. Despair d. Generativity vs. Stagnation e.All of the Above 29. Which of the following are NOT used to measure a newborn’s health? a.Level of intelligence b. Appearance c.Grimace d. Pulse e.All of the above are used to measure a newborn’s health 30. A child in the preoperational stage of cognitive development can understand that if you pour a tall, narrow glass of juice into a short, fat glass, the amount of liquid stays the same. a. True b. False 31. Which of the following DO NOT benefit the mother during breast feeding? a.Stops the bleeding from child birth b. Helps lose the post-baby weight c.Increases rates of ovarian and breast cancer d. Shrinks the uterus back to normal size e.Promotes bond between mother and baby 32. What was Albert Bandura known for? a.Bobo doll experiment b. Social learning theory c.Classical conditioning d. Operant conditioning e.A and B only 33. This is the result when two separate ova are fertilized by two separate sperm, creating two different zygotes. a.Dizygotic (Fraternal) Twins b. Monozygotic (Identical) Twins c.X-Linked Genes d. Multifactorial Inheritance 34. Which of the following is NOT one of Erikson’s 8 main stages of development? a.Initiative vs. Guilt b. Trust vs. Mistrust c.Identity vs. Role confusion d. Intimacy vs. Isolation e.Nature vs. Nurture 35. The definition of a microsystem is defined as: a. Local institutions b. Historical Context c. Immediate surroundings d. Connections among other systems e. None of the above 36. Which of the following is NOT part of Freud’s Five Psychosexual stages? a.Anal b.Phallic c. Facial d.Genital e.Oral 37. Which one of the following is NOT included in the Apgar Scale? a. Appearance b.Pulse c.Exercise d.Respiration e.Activity 38. Which of the following is classified as a teratogen? a.Alcohol b.Smoking c.Chemicals d.All of the above 39. An infant is mesmerized by an object the moment he/she is shown it after staring at a different object. This is an example of: a.Cross-Section b. Habituation Method c.A longitudinal Design d. The survey Method e.Ethics 40. Which of the following is not a teratogen? a.Prescription drugs b. High stress c.Consumption of dairy d.German measles e.Radiation 41. For which theory the statement “Thoughts and expectations affect behavior” a.Psychoanalytic Theory b.Psychosocial Theory c.Social Learning Theory d.Cognitive Theory e.Social Cultural Theory 42. What is not one of the three domains of development? a. Cognitive b.Genetics c.Psychosocial d.Physical 43. Which pair of chromosomes are sex chromosomes & determine the sex of the individual? a.12 th pair b.16 th pair c.18 thpair d.23 rd pair e.24 th pair 44. What week does the neural tube develop? a.Week 2 b.Week 3 c.Week 4 d.Week 5 45. Which is NOT one of Erikson’s Psychosocial stages? a.Initiative vs. Guilt b. Trust vs. Mistrust c. Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt d. All of the above are part of Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory 46. According to Piaget, when does the concrete operational stage of cognitive development take place? a. 6-11 years b. Birth to 2 years c. 12+ years d. 2-6 years 47. What is it called when our environment can turn out genes on and off? a. Nature b. Nurture c. Epigenetics d. Reciprocal Gene-Environment e. Sensitive Period 48. The critical few days that a woman can get pregnant is when the ovum is... a. In the fallopian tube b. In the uterus c. In the ovaries d. In the follicle 49. Who applied classical conditioning to humans? a. Freud b. Erikson c. Watson d. Bandura e. I am going to be honest, I do not know the answer, and I hope the exam questions are not too difficult. 50. When does the germinal stage occur? a.First week b.First 2 weeks c.Weeks 3-8 d.Weeks 9-birth e.None of the above 51. What is the most important consideration to be taken away from the “nature vs. nurture” debate? a.Nature is the most important factor to consider in the development of an individual b.Nature and nurture work together to influence the development of an individual c.Nurture is the most important factor to consider in the development of an individual d.Neither nature nor nurture have any effect on an individual’s development e.None of the the above 52. Of which of the 5 characteristics of development does the Dynamic systems approach fall under? a. Multidirectional b. Multicultural c. Multidisciplinary d.Malleable d. Multicontextual 53. Who discovered classical conditioning? a. Watson b.Skinner c.Freud d.Pavlov e.Erikson 54. Which of Piaget’s stages of cognitive development do children use egocentric thinking? a.Sensorimotor b.Preoperational c.Concrete Operational d.Formal Operational 55. What is NOT a limitation to Piaget’s theory? a. It underestimated children’s abilities b. The child’s performance can be improved with training c. There is not concrete evidencesupporting his theory d. There is insufficient attention to socialand cultural influences e. View that no major cognitive changes can occur after adolescence 56. What is the purpose of the APGAR scale? a. Evaluate the overall health of mother after birth b. Evaluate the overall health of newborn c. Assess baby’s readiness to nurse d. Assess the baby’s reflexes 57. Who developed social learning theory? a. Albert Bandura b. Sigmund Freud c. Erik Erickson d. Piaget e. Vygotsky 58. Which of the following is the best definition for developmental psychology? a. The scientific study of human development b. The scientific study of the physical, cognitive and psychosocial changes of humans across the lifespan c. The scientific study of psychological development d. The scientific study of humans mental cognition 59. Recessive x-linked genes are are unlikely to be expressed in girls. a.True b.False 60. Which of the following is true about a naturalistic observation study? a. The researcher observes and records numerous behaviors of individuals in a natural setting b. The researcher observes and records one or more specific behaviors in a particular setting (often not the natural setting) c.It is typically more qualitative d. It is typically more quantitative e. A and C 61. What is the correct order of the stages of pregnancy? a. Germinal Stage, Embryonic stage and Fetal stage b. Embryonic stage, Fetal stage and Germinal stage c.Fetal stage, Embryonic stage and Germinal stage d. Germinal stage, Fetal stage and Embryonic Stage e. Fetal stage, Germinal stage and Embryonic stage 62. An extremely low birth weight can be defined as a. Under 1,000g b. Under 1,200g c.Under 950g d. Under 2,000g e. Under 1,750g 63. In which stage of Prenatal Development does the zygote duplicate and divide into many (stem) cells? a. Embryonic stage b. Fetal stage c.Germinal stage d.Sensitive stage e.A and B 64. From Piaget’s four stages of cognitive development, which stage best explains when the child tends to view the world from their own perspective? They are also using symbols and language to understand the world during this stage. a.Preoperational Stage b.Concrete Operational Stage c.Sensorimotor Stage d.Formal Operational Stage e.Combination of sensorimotor and Formal Operational Stage 65. Which type of drug induces and strengthens contractions? a.Sedatives b.Epidural c.General anesthesia d.Pitocin e.None of the above
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