Professional Ethics, MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE
Professional Ethics, MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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PHI 1120, Professional Ethics
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chloe Luyet on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PHI 1120, Professional Ethics at Wayne State University taught by Dr. Ryan Fanselow in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 360 views. For similar materials see Professional Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Wayne State University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
PROFESSIONAL ETHICS MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE I) Collection of Learning Objectives (reference these for a quick review/test of the material you already know) a. Lewis’s Thesis b. Identifying Thesis Statement strategies c. Interpret Thesis of Lewis d. Strategies for interpreting Thesis statements e. Understand how Lewis’s Thesis statement supports the hard view f. Define role-differentiated behavior g. Understand the standard argument of role-differentiated behavior h. Understand Wasserstrom’s criticisms on the argument for role-differentiated behavior i. Understand the professional-client relationship models j. Define paternalism and paternalistic lying k. Understand Collins’s argument that doctors should engage in paternalistic lies l. Define misleading m. Understand what, if anything, morally distinguishes lying from misleading n. Understand possible moral differences b/w misleading and withholding the truth o. Distinguish b/w positive and negative duties p. Understand some of the special problems raised with withholding the truth II) Topics that were important in the Quiz Sections Q1 – Thesis of Goldman Sachs - Why/how was G. Sachs changing for the worse - Thesis of the “Inner Ring” Q2 – What is role-differentiated behavior? - 5 models of professional-client relationship o Which 3 don’t recognize superiority of professional’s knowledge? o Which one definitely considers superiority of professional’s knowledge? o Which one seems balanced (combines the best features of all others)? Q3 – Thesis of Collins: “doctors should lie to their patients regularly” - Reasons for this thesis? - Definitions: lying, misleading, and withholding the truth Q4 – Robinson’s thesis and premises - Know the “Easy View versus the Hard View” concept covered in class for the exam! - Bok’s thesis III) Readings List Smith, “Why I Am Leaving Goldman Sachs” The culture at Goldman Sachs has changed for the worse It used to be a good place to work, but is not anymore They are only worried about the betterment of the company and don’t care if they sell their clients investment opportunities that they know are impossible to make a profit Lewis, “The Inner Ring” It is human nature to have the never ending desire to belong to an inner ring It is not necessarily wrong to belong to an inner ring; however, the desire to belong to an inner ring is wrong Wasserstrom, “Lawyers as Professionals: Some Moral Issues” Role-differentiated behavior is justified for criminal defense lawyers, but not justified for any other type of lawyer Role-differentiated behavior in the circumstance of the criminal defense attorney is the only way for his/her client to receive a fair trial Bayles, “The Professional-Client Relationship” There are five professional-client relationships: agent, friendship, contract, parental, and fiduciary The fiduciary model of the professional-client relationship is the most accurate of an ideal representation of the professional-client relationship because it takes the advantages of all the other models and combines them Collins, “Should Doctors Tell the Truth?” Collins believes that doctors should lie to their patients regularly Collins does not see a difference between lying, misleading, and withholding the truth (1)there is a difference, as we have discussed in class he supports his viewpoint through a series of his own personal experiences in the medical profession Bok, “Lying and Lies to the Sick and Dying” Takes the opposite stance to the extreme of Collins Believes that no matter what, even in the suicide case, doctors should ALWAYS tell their clients the truth supports her argument through statistical evidence Robinson III, “The Opinion in Cantebury v. Spence” Robinson says that the physician has an obligation to inform the patient; however, he also says that it is impossible to provide all the information, which gives the physician the freedom to choose what info is necessary (very similar to Collins) The physician determines the extent of info necessary to provide Carson, “The Ethics of Sales” Carson has six different “rules” that he uses to explain the obligations of a salesperson to his/her customers He argues that salespeople must tell their customers every warning/hazard of the product he/she is buying AND answer all the questions that a customer might have to the best of their ability Realizes/Acknowledges that a salesperson cannot tell the customer everything about the product that might change their decision because the salesperson has an obligation to his/her employer as well as the lack of information that a given salesperson might have about one product of many obligations that the salesperson actually has in Carson’s opinion: (1)if the information will affect the customer’s well- being/health (2)if there’s possibility of harm, must share the information (3)satisfy the employer as well (4)answer questions that the customer has about the product unless it concerns competing companies/salespersons
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