CJC 102 Test 1 Study Guide
CJC 102 Test 1 Study Guide CJC 102
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ben O'Brien on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to CJC 102 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Intravia in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 774 views. For similar materials see Introduction to criminology in Criminal Justice at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
CJC 102 – Intro to Criminology Test 1 Study Guide 1. What is a correlate? A. It causes crime B. It’s a type of crime C. It’s trend that is related to, but does not cause the crime D. It’s a type of graph 2. Crime tends to increase during the winter months (T/F) 3. Which region of the US tends to have the most crime? A. West B. South C. Midwest D. Northeast 4. Young white males tend to be disproportionately arrested compared to young black males (T/F) 5. When do people tend to “age out” of crime? A. 17-18 B. 22-25 C. 30-33 D. 45-50 6. According to self-report surveys, crime varies considerably with race (T/F) 7. What trend has been shown among crime committed by males vs. females? A. Both are increasing B. The rate of male crime is increasing, while the rate of female crime is decreasing C. The rate of male crime is decreasing, while the rate of female crime is increasing D. Both are decreasing 8. Firearms play a large role in most violent and even property crime committed (T/F) 9. What did the Wolfgang et. al study reveal? A. Most crime is generally committed by one time offenders B. Most crime is generally committed by middle-aged adults C. Most crime is generally committed by the lower class D. Most crime is generally committed by repeat offenders or career criminals 10. Crime has generally been decreasing since the 1990s (T/F) 11. Violent crimes are most likely to take place in/during which of the following? A. Open, public area B. Commercial establishments C. Daytime or early evening hours D. All of the above 12. Which is not a primary source of crime data? A. Uniform Crime Reports B. National Crime Victimization Survey C. Criminological Essays D. Self-report Surveys 13. When multiple crimes are committed during the same event, (e.g. a homicide is committed during a burglary), the UCR reports all of them. (T/F) 14. Which crimes are most likely to be solved by police? A. Property Crime B. Violent Crime C. Digital Crime D. None of the above 15. Which of the following is a revision of the UCR meant to record more comprehensive data? A. National Crime Victimization Survey B. Self-Report Surveys C. National Census Bureau Crime Report D. National Incident-Based Reporting System 16. The UCR reports more rapes and sexual assaults annually than the NCVS. (T/F) 17. Which of the following is a strength of the NCVS? A. Reliability B. Reports crimes not known to police C. Both A and B D. None of the above 18. The highest discrepancy in crime rates is found with self-report surveys because of the number of non-serious crimes reported in them (T/F) 19. What is a weakness of Self-Report Surveys? A. People lie B. Aggregation Bias C. Recall error D. Only reports crimes known to the police 20. What is criminology? A. The study of the criminal justice system B. The study of criminal behavior C. The study of the neurology of criminals D. All of the above 21. If an act is considered deviant, it is a crime. (T/F) 22. Which of the following views of criminology is best defined by the following: - Those with social power define crime - Acts are considered crimes because society defines them in that way - Individuals are labeled as criminals A. Conflict view B. Interactionist view C. Consensus view D. Marxist view 23. What does “mala in se” mean? A. Bad because society has prohibited it B. Impolite C. Against social norms D. Bad in and of itself 24. What does “mala prohibitum” mean? A. Bad because society has prohibited it B. Impolite C. Against social norms D. Bad in and of itself 25. Felonies carry punishment of equal to or greater than one year (T/F) 26. Which of the following demographics has the lowest victimization risk? A. Lower Class B. Widows/Widowers C. Non-married individuals D. None of the above 27. People are more likely to be a victim of a crime if they have been a victim before. (T/F) 28. Which theory postulates that the greater the exposure to dangerous places, the more likely one is to be victimized? A. Victim Precipitation Theory B. Routine Activities Theory C. Lifestyle Theory D. Deviant Place Theory 29. The Routine Activities Theory postulates that the victim brings the crime upon him or herself. (T/F) 30. Which of the following is a form of victim compensation? A. Financial Aid B. Victim Advocates C. Crises intervention D. All of the above 31. In the Middle Ages it was theorized that crime was caused by a person being possessed by evil spirits. (T/F) 32. What did Cesare Beccaria theorize? A. People make rational decisions when contemplating committing a crime B. People are driven by hedonism C. Both A and B D. None of the above 33. What did Jeremy Bentham theorize? A. People make rational decisions when contemplating committing a crime B. People are driven by hedonism C. Both A and B D. None of the above 34. Situational Choice Theory states that crime is a combination of motivation and opportunity. (T/F) 35. Cohen and Felson postulated that when an individual does not deter from his or her routine, they are more likely to be victimized (T/F) 36. General deterrence is when people are deterred from committing a crime due to fear of the consequences (T/F) 1. C 2. F 3. B 4. F 5. A 6. F 7. C 8. T 9. D 10. T 11. D 12. C 13. F 14. B 15. D 16. F 17. C 18. T 19. A 20. B 21. F 22. B 23. D 24. A 25. T 26. B 27. T 28. D 29. F 30. D 31. T 32. A 33. C 34. T 35. F 36. T
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