His 109 Exam #1 Study Guide
His 109 Exam #1 Study Guide HIS109
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aneissa Coulter on Thursday February 11, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIS109 at University of Kentucky taught by Dr. Summers in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 160 views. For similar materials see THE UNITED STATES, 1877 to present in History at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 02/11/16
HIS109 Study Guide Exam on Monday, February 15, 2016 Identifications: Money Power: 1890’s, Larger companies making billions and leaving the farmers with very little. A monopoly that hurts the independent farmers. Emancipation Proclamation: Executive order issued by Lincoln in 1863. Meant to end slavery in confederacy, (make the south free). However this did not actually put an end to slavery because it didn’t outlaw slavery all over the U.S. Reconstruction Acts: 1867, Andrew Jackson becomes president. Congress adopted the act, which temporarily divided the south into 5 military districts and called for new creation of state government. (giving blacks the right to vote). Minie Ball: Rifle bullet that became prominent during the Civil War. 13 Amendment: 1865 ends slavery in the United States. 14 Amendment: 1868 citizenship for everyone born in the United States. Gives all former slaves national citizenship. Bloody Shirt: Post Civil War strategy Republicans effort to bring the public’s attention to reconstruction issues. Used in 1868, 1872, and 1876 presidential elections. (Effective in the North) th 15 Amendment: 1870, prohibited the federal and state government from denying any citizen the right to vote because of race. Granted African American men the right to vote. (Democrats opposed this amendment. Black Codes: Law passed by the new southern governments in attempt to regulate the lives of former slaves. Granted African Americans with certain rights; such as marriage, ownership of property, and limited access in courts. However it denied them the rights to testify against whites, to vote, to serve on a jury or in the state militias. (Slavery didn’t just end but this was a step in the right direction). Andrew Johnson: 1864 republicans nominated him to run for vice president as a symbol to spread to the south. After Lincoln’s death Johnson seemed unsuited for the job. Carpetbaggers: Thought to be thieves and thugs that traveled from the North to the South. They were regular people coming to improve the south, like school teachers for black children. Scalawags: Thought to be ignorant southern white farmers but they were supporters of the Republican Party through reconstruction. Black & Tan Conventions: 1868 in Mississippi. Supposed to be equal representation of whites and blacks in politics but there weren’t really many blacks. HIS109 Study Guide Exam on Monday, February 15, 2016 Bulldozing: Scared African Americans out of voting during the reconstruction period. Poll Tax: Required for qualification to vote. After the 15 Amendment was passed whites placed this tax as another way to stop blacks from voting. Sharecropping: During reconstruction, landowners would allow black families to use a portion their land in return for a portion of the crops that they produced. Crop Lien: Used by cotton farmers in the 1860’s to get money before planting season by barrowing it. “Rain follows the plow”: convincing people to move out west (Kansas) by telling them that it won’t be dry anymore if you move there because colonization and farming will bring the rain. Redeemers: Mostly former slave owners who didn’t like the republican program in the south. They staged a counterrevolution to “redeem” the south, or take it back. They were raciest wealthy white men. 16 to 1: (silver to gold) inflation to help the farmers. There was much more silver than there was gold. 16 (silver) to 1 (gold) so it boosted the economy. Free Silver: Inflation that would help farmers pay off debt. Grover Cleveland: President 1893, Sold silver to government which hurt the economy that “free silver” had created. Panic of 1893, “Grover stands firm.” “Grover doesn’t care about the people.” Plessy v. Ferguson: U.S. Supreme Court case, 1896, legalized state ordered segregation, as long as the facilities for blacks and whites were equal. Jim Crow: laws that were created with the purpose to enforce segregation of blacks from whites. Coxey’s Army: Dr. Jacob Coxey got riot troops together to march on Washington because he wanted the government to create jobs for jobless individuals. *could be other identifications, so don’t just study these. Short Essay: This will most likely be about the book we were assigned to read on The Triangle Fire. This was a shirtwaist company whose building caught fire due to lake of safety codes. Many people were killed and this could have been prevented. Owners got off almost scot free and families of the deceased got little to nothing. This sparked the riots for Women’s Rights and protection for women in the work place. This included high wages and less working hours. Long Essay: HIS109 Study Guide Exam on Monday, February 15, 2016 1.Could be on the Gilded Age. What was it about? When did it happen? Was it gilded? Using older machines to create new ones? Did enhancements make things better or worse? 2.Could be about the Industrial Revolution. How it made America richer and poorer?
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