PSYS001 Exam1 Study Guide
PSYS001 Exam1 Study Guide PSYS 001 - B (14772)
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PSYS 001 - B (14772)
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Grace on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYS 001 - B (14772) at University of Vermont taught by Susan Karen Fenstermacher in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 181 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychological Science in Psychlogy at University of Vermont.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Emily!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
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Date Created: 02/12/16
PSYS001 Exam 1 Study Guide/ Outline Unit 1: be able to… Distinguish different types of goals for the application of psychology in the real world Distinguish and apply some of the important questions that concern psychologists. o What do psychologists do? Basic research Mental health Applied Psychology o What do psychologists study? Biological foundations Mental life Change Self & Others Potential & Disfunction Distinguish between the contributions of philosophy, the physical sciences, and the six early schools of psychology. Explain the major perspective of contemporary psychology and how they are interconnected Unit 3: be able to… Identify some of the disciplines and types of work that psychologists perform in the field of psychology Distinguish between basic and applied research Identify the characteristics of a hypothesis and distinguish its conceptual variables from operational definitions used in research study. Describe and identify examples of each step in the scientific method Identify ethical violations in research conducted with humans and animals Describe the purpose, advantages, and disadvantages of case studies, surveys and naturalistic observation DESIGN ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Case Study In- depth, compelling Atypical participants descriptions may not represent general public Correlational Shows degree & Cause & effect may be direction of uncertain relationship Experiment Control of Can be artificial independent variable Quasi-Experiment Can compare groups Less confidence in cause and effect relationships Describe correlational research, its purpose, advantages, and disadvantages of its results from causal variables Describe experimental, correlational, and quasi-experimental Describe threats to validity of research o Confounding variables o Experimenter bias o Generalization Unit 7: be able to… Compare and contrast implicit and explicit memory o Explicit: something factual, something you experienced yourself o Implicit: something you just know how to do automatically; not necessarily consciously aware (riding a bike) Explain the function of eidetic, echoic, and iconic as part of sensory memory Describe short term memory and explain how working memory processes information with it; STM= 30 seconds Describe long term memory; LTM= infinite (days, weeks, months, years) o STAGES OF MEMORY Sensory Input Sensory memory (unattended info is lost) Short- term memory encoding Long-term memory Explain how elaborative encoding improves memory storage o Makes info more memorable by associating it with something else you already know and relating it to yourself Discuss Ebbinghaus’ forgetting curve Describe retrieval Describe how neurons change to create a memory Know functions of hippocampus, amygdala, and cerebellum Know misinformation effect, source monitoring, overconfidence Explain and give examples of causes of expectation-based inaccuracies in cognition, such as schematic processing, confirmation bias, functional fixedness, and salience. Describe heuristics, algorithms, and counterfactual thinking. Unit 4: be able to… Name the major neurotransmitters and what they do o Ach o Dopamine o Endorphins o GABA o Glutamate o Serotonin Structure of the old brain and its influence on behavior o Medulla: heart rate and breathing o Pons: movement and balance o Reticular Formation: alertness Identify and define structures of the limbic system Describe structures and functions of the cerebral cortex o Frontal lobe: higher mental processes; judgment o Temporal: hearing, speech recognition, language processing o Parietal: sensation; touch o Occipital: vision Define neuroplasticity, neurogenesis, and brain lateralization Compare, cadaver and lesion studies with EEG, PET scan, fMRI and TMS Describe major parts of the nervous system and their functions Describe the endocrine system and explain its primary responsibilities within your body Unit 17: be able to… Freud’s theories on conscious and unconscious behaviors Discuss the difference between monism and dualism, and understand why monism must be assumed in order to study psychology Know the different levels of sleep the occur during a normal night, and know the characteristics of each phase Know disorders that affect sleep Know the costs of sleep deprivation o slowed reaction times o impaired judgment o memory impairment o obesity o suppressed immune system Explain the similarities and differences among the various theories of dreaming o Psychodynamic: wish fulfillment; latent content (what is actually happening); manifest content (deeper meaning) o Information Processing: consolidation into LTM o Activation Synthesis: random firing and sensation is converted into a narrative story Quizlet for all terms in test 1: https://quizlet.com/emkunsman/folders/psys001-test-1
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