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BGSU / Psychology / PSYC 3110 / What is the power of the situation?

What is the power of the situation?

What is the power of the situation?

Description

School: Bowling Green State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Social Psychology
Professor: Joshua ricker
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Psychology
Cost: 25
Name: PSYCH 3110: Social Psychology, week 5 notes
Description: These notes cover the lectures of week 5.
Uploaded: 02/12/2016
5 Pages 36 Views 2 Unlocks
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PSYCH 3110: Social Psychology, Spring Semester 2016 Week 5


What is the power of the situation?



The Power of the Situation

∙ People often behave in ways they cannot explain

∙ Situational factors can make people behave in ways that are not in line with their beliefs

∙ Dispositional view- the assumption that a person’s behavior is the  result of their personality (disposition) rather than the pressures  existing in the situation

∙ Stanford Prison Experiment  

o Healthy males were selected to be guards and prisoners  o Zimbardo made himself the “warden”

 Got himself involved in the experiment, couldn’t separate  himself from the experiment  

o Participants willingly took on their roles  

o Due to ethical concerns, the experiment ended after 6 days  Supposed to last for 2 weeks


What is the meaning of the dispositional view?



Social Roles

∙ Roles- shared expectations in a group about how particular people are  supposed to behave

∙ Norms specify how all should act, roles are specific to the person ∙ 3 roles for this experiment  

o Guard  

o Prisoner  

o Warden

∙ Often uncomfortable in the beginning, but we slowly adapt What contributed to the behavior of the guards?

∙ Deindividuation of prisoners

o Matching gowns

o Numbers instead of names  Don't forget about the age old question of What does unconditional stimulus mean?

∙ Dehumanization of prisoners

o Constant berating

o Disgusting  

∙ Deindividuation of self (anonymity)


What is the content of the stanford prison experiment?



o Reflective sunglasses  

o Matching uniforms  

∙ Diffusion of responsibility  

o “The professor is the authority here.”  

The Lucifer Effect

∙ According to some Christian writings, Lucifer was God’s favorite angel. ∙ When Lucifer challenged God’s authority, he was cast into Hell with the other fallen angels If you want to learn more check out What promotes allopatric speciation?

o Here, he becomes Satan

∙ Satan convinces Eve to eat the forbidden fruit

o First instance of good people doing bad things  

∙ The Lucifer Effect- the point in time when an ordinary, normal person  first crosses the boundary between good and evil to engage in an evil  action

o More likely to occur in novel situation

∙ Evil- the exercise of power to intentionally harm (psychologically), hurt  (physically), or destroy(morally) others  

The Power of the Situation

∙ Situations have the power to do 3 things:

o Bring out the bad

o Bring out the good (heroic)

o Leave us as bystanders

 “The evil of an action”

 Just because you’re not doing something, doesn’t mean  you’re doing anything good

∙ Although powerful, the situation doesn’t control all behavior ∙ Human behavior is an interaction between the person and the  environment If you want to learn more check out What did lamarck believe about how organisms change?

∙ Fundamental attribution- over emphasize people’s personalities when  they come to explaining their behavior according to the situation  o Uncomfortable situation, bad day, bad situation

Criticisms of the Stanford Prison Experiment If you want to learn more check out What does ecliptic mean?

∙ Zimbardo should never have made himself the warden

∙ The guards and prisoners were aware they were in a role playing  experiment  We also discuss several other topics like What is the solow model in economics?

∙ Unethical treatment of the participants

∙ Selection of participants  

The Demasculinization of Man

Being a man

∙ 8-9-year-old boys (what sucks about being a boy your age?) o Not being able to be a mother  

o Not supposed to cry

o Not allowed to be a cheerleader Don't forget about the age old question of Would separated populations of squirrels be able to interbreed if the barrier was no longer there?

o Supposed to like violence  

o Supposed to play football

o Boys smell bad

o Have an automatic bad reputation

o Grow hair everywhere  

What has happened to men?

∙ Traditional view

o Graduate

o Get a job

o Get married

o Raise a family

∙ Young men now 25% more likely to live with parents than women are ∙ Society used to see men as “warriors” and “bread winners” ∙ Now, there is no socially acceptable alternative to those not doing this ∙ Because of this, men turn to technology (porn, video games, etc.) Turning to technology

∙ Why turn to technology?

o Gain control

o No rejection

o Praise for abilities  

∙ (the most things males want is respect)

∙ Increase in shyness

o Formerly due to fear of social rejection

o Now, lack of social skills

Increase in porn use

∙ Porn

o Distorted view of sexuality

o Bad for the inexperienced  

∙ Porn use arises from social anxiety  

∙ Giving up porn increases:

o Eye contact

o Confidence

o Comfort with women

o Concentration

o Decreases depression

∙ Arousal addiction: habituation to pornographic material. In order to  achieve the same stimulation, the person needs more, newer material ∙ Contemporary addiction: someone who becomes addicted due to  having unlimited access to supernormal stimulation

o There’s so much there they can’t stop and have to watch it all ∙ The Coolidge Effect: reference to how males become more aroused  faster and quicker when there is a new female around

Females and porn

∙ While both sexes admit porn use, the rates of men watching it are  much higher (6x)

∙ Women search for erotic stories at higher rates than men (50 Shades  of Grey)

∙ 2% of all credit cards signed up for porn sites are in women’s names  Men’s Fantasies:

∙ Strangers  

∙ Visual

∙ Multiple partners

∙ No commitment involved

∙ Rapidly progress to sex Women’s Fantasies: ∙ Recurrent or ex partner

∙ Not always genital contact ∙ Slow build up

∙ Focused on the story ∙ Single partners

Symptoms

∙ 1. Disenchantment with education

o “The world is full of smart phones and dumb people”

o For the first time in U.S. history, boys are having less education  than their fathers

o Girls outperform boys at every level of schooling

o Boys’ SAT scores worst they have been in the last 40 years ∙ 2. Men opting out of the workforce

o Male unemployment levels continue to increase

o Possibly from sense of entitlement  

∙ 3. Excessive maleness

o Social intensity syndrome: males having a strong preference  social settings with other men

 Bros before hoes  

o Ex: military, sports teams, fraternities, gangs

o More exclusiveness=stronger attraction to the group

o Greater recall of good experiences of the group when compared  to negative experiences  

∙ Poor bonding with family/spouse

o Divorce

o Abuse

o Negative attitudes

∙ More social aroused by men than sexually aroused by women o 1 in 3 men in Japan report no interest in sex

o 4 in 10 marriages sexless for at least a month

∙ 4. Excessive gaming

o Worldwide ~ 3 billion hours per week

o Female gamers=5 hours per week

o Males=13 hours per week

o Gaming has led to a decrease in sleep

o Kids with electronic devices in their room get 1 hour less of sleep per night

o Children have been misdiagnosed with ADHD

 Some symptoms similar to lack of sleep

Gaming leads to loss of reality

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