- Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of experience Classical Conditioning
- Form of learning in which an organism come to respond to a previously neutral stimulus that has been paired with a stimulus that previously brought out an automatic response
- Pavlov (physician, looked at dogs, assistants would go in and ring a bell every time they went in to feed them, and every time the bell rang more saliva would be produced)
- Unconditional stimulus (without training)
∙ Something that elicits an automatic response (e.g. food)
- Unconditional response
∙ Automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus that does not need to be learned (e.g. tummy rumbling, salivation, feeling hungry)
- Conditioned stimulus If you want to learn more check out How is temporal isolation different from behavioral isolation?
∙ Something that comes to elicit automatic response after becoming associated with unconditioned stimulus
- Conditioned response
∙ Response to unconditioned stimulus that is now elicited by conditioned stimulus We also discuss several other topics like How does natural variation of inherited characteristics occur in a population?
∙ Pairing stimulus and response together We also discuss several other topics like What is the role of the celestial sphere on the earth axis?
- Spontaneous Recovery
∙ When the conditioned response to a conditioned stimulus comes back after a delay in exposure If you want to learn more check out What is the solow model in economics?
∙ E.g. smells that trigger memories or feelings
- Renewal Effect
∙ When the conditioned response to a conditioned stimulus comes back when organism is placed in original environment in which learning occurred
∙ E.g. old feelings returning when back home, better test performance in familiar environment
- Stimulus Generalization
∙ Things that look like conditioned stimulus elicit conditioned response without training
- Stimulus Discrimination
∙ Ability to differentiate between conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli - Higher Order Conditioning
∙ Pairing conditioned stimulus with other stimuli which come to elicit conditioned response
∙ Weaker conditioned response the higher-order you go ∙ Most organisms top out at a fourth- order conditioning ∙ E.g. 1. Food= US, 2. Blue= CS, 3. Red= CS, 4. Yellow=CS