- Change in an organisms behavior or thought as a result of experience Classical Conditioning
- Form of learning in which an organism come to respond to a previously neutral stimulus that has been paired with a stimulus that previously brought out an automatic response
- Pavlov (physician, looked at dogs, assistants would go in and ring a bell every time they went in to feed them, and every time the bell rang more saliva would be produced)
- Unconditional stimulus (without training)
∙ Something that elicits an automatic response (e.g. food)
- Unconditional response
∙ Automatic response to an unconditioned stimulus that does not need to be learned (e.g. tummy rumbling, salivation, feeling hungry)
- Conditioned stimulus
∙ Something that comes to elicit automatic response after becoming associated with unconditioned stimulus
- Conditioned response
∙ Response to unconditioned stimulus that is now elicited by conditioned stimulus
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∙ Pairing stimulus and response together
- Spontaneous Recovery Don't forget about the age old question of Why was lamarck's theory discredited?
∙ When the conditioned response to a conditioned stimulus comes back after a delay in exposure
∙ E.g. smells that trigger memories or feelings
- Renewal Effect
∙ When the conditioned response to a conditioned stimulus comes back when organism is placed in original environment in which learning occurred
∙ E.g. old feelings returning when back home, better test performance in familiar environment Don't forget about the age old question of What does zenith mean?
- Stimulus Generalization Don't forget about the age old question of Which isolation is the prevention of interbreeding due to differences in physiology?
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Don't forget about the age old question of How do you find the magnitude of a subtraction vector?
∙ Things that look like conditioned stimulus elicit conditioned response without training
- Stimulus Discrimination
∙ Ability to differentiate between conditioned stimulus and similar stimuli - Higher Order Conditioning
∙ Pairing conditioned stimulus with other stimuli which come to elicit conditioned response
∙ Weaker conditioned response the higher-order you go ∙ Most organisms top out at a fourth- order conditioning ∙ E.g. 1. Food= US, 2. Blue= CS, 3. Red= CS, 4. Yellow=CS