Study Guide Exam 1
Study Guide Exam 1 HIST 1020
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Claire Kidd on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Cathleen Giustino in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see World History 2 in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Study Guide for Exam 1 on 2/18/16 Inventions spinning wheel: it existed before the industrial revolution; made string flying shuttle: invented by John Kay in 1733; a new type of loom spinning jenny: invented by James Hargreaves in 1764; it made more multiple strands of string old steam engine: invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen steam engine: improved in 1765 by James Watt; it used coal so it took less energy to run waterframe: invented by Richard Arkwright in 1769; stretched the cotton out to make string stronger Maxim Gun: invented in 1884 by Hirman Maxim; first machine gun, could fire eleven bullets per minute pneumatic tire: invented in 1887 by John Boyd Dunlap; tire used for cars and bicycles Political –ism’s classical liberalism: had three main values laissezfaire, linear historical progress, representative government communism (scientific socialism): it wanted to help the working class and it called for working revolution socialism (social legislation): lawmaking that aims to benefit society nationalism: having loyalty to one’s country or having feelings of common national identity old imperialism: before 1870, countries only conquered costal and island regions, let the native government continue to rule, not much interaction with natives new imperialism: began in 1870; focused more on the interior of continents; empires would overthrow and take over governments; also began to build factories overseas Leaders Robert Koch: “father or microbiology,” discovered germ theory, tuberculosis, bacillus, and cholera vibrio Karl Marx: wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engel Frederick William IV: Prussian king 18401861; he denied the Frankfurt Assembly and then wrote the Prussian Constitution of 1850 William I: Prussian King 18611890; first German emperor Otto Von Bismarck: lived from 18151898; he became MinisterPresident in 1862, he wanted to unify Germany through wars David Livingstone: went to Africa in 1841 to bring medical knowledge and Christianity Henry Morton Stanley: he went to Africa and found Livingstone for the sole purpose of making money Leopold II: King of Belgium from 18651909; he created the International Congo Association with Stanley to make money; known for the brutality in making the natives harvest rubber Books Wealth of Nations: written by Adam Smith in 1776; discussed laissezfaire economics Acid and Rain: written by Robert Smith in 1872; discussed how the burning of coal caused acidic rain Phenomenology of the Spirit: written by George W. F. Hegel in 1807; contained the dialectic Theory of Four Movements: written by Charles Fourier in 1808; wanted everyone to live in a phalanx and pool their resources together to achieve a utopia; utopian socialist book The New Christianity: written by Henri de Saint Simon in 1825; wanted the government to be run by a technocracy; utopian socialist book What is Property?: written by PierreJoseph Proudhon in 1840; included labor into property and said the factory owner’s were stealing the worker’s property; utopian socialist book Communist Manifesto: written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles in 1848; a plan for communism The Casement Report: written by Roger Casement in 1904; brought worldwide attention to the brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s activities in Africa King Leopold’s Soliloquy: written by Mark Twain in 1905; brought worldwide attention to the brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s activities in Africa Red Rubber: written by E.D. Morel in 1906; brought worldwide attention to the brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s activities in Africa The Happy Science: written by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1882; stated that “god was dead,” and the book really exemplifies that Europeans were losing their faith and moral compass The Young People of Today: written by Henri Massis and Alfred de Tarde in 1913; it was the results of a survey they did at a university where students complained about being bored, having no moral compass, and having a crisis of values; there solution was war The Economic Consequences of the Peace: written by John Maynard Keynes in 1919; he warned in this book that the reparations were too high Wars AustroPrussia War (Seven Weeks War): began in June 1866 o Bismarck accused the Hapsburg of mismanaging their affairs with SchleswigHolstein o June 15, 1866 Hapsburg declared war and lost in seven weeks o Prussia decided the peace treaty and said they were not allowed to interfere with the other central European states o 1867 North German Confederation was formed with Prussia and 21 other states FrancoPrussian War: July 1870January 1871 o 1868 Spain had a coup d’etat and needed a permanent government o decided on Hohenzollern but France was unhappy because they were enemies and France did not want to be surrounded by them o they sent Benedetti to propose the Bourbon to talk with Willam I in Ems o William I wrote the Ems Telegram o Bismarck rewrote the telegram and leaked it to the press o July 1870 January 1871 France declared war o the other small states joined the German Confederation out of fear or pride o the German Reich is created on January 18, 1871 at the Palace of Versailles in Paris, France Matabele Uprising: 18931894; Great Britain used the maxim gun to easily defeat the Matabele warriors Kuba Massacre: 1899; the Belgium rubber agents hired the Zappo Zaps to attack villages that did not meet their rubber quota Government Documents • Factory Act of 1833 (Althorp’s Act): children under 9 could not work in factories, children 914 could only work 9 hours a day, and children 1418 could only work 12 hours a day Factory Act of 1847 (Ten Hours Act): children had to be at least 14 to work; children 1418 could only work 10 hours a day; women could only work 10 hours a day Frankfurt Assembly: met 18481849; a meeting composed of men from the bourgeoisie who wanted a unified Germany; they created a constitutional monarch, they took it to Fredrick William IV who turned it down Prussian Constitution of 1850: created by Frederick William IV; created the Prussian Diet which would be voted on by universal male suffrage, the king could send parliament home, and it created the MinisterPresident position International Congo Association: organized by Leopold II and Stanley; it was basically a business to make money Berlin Conference: it was organized by Bismarck in 1885; it was called to get the European states to stop fighting about boarders in Africa and to prevent a war Places • Suez Canal: was designed by Count Ferdinand De Lesseps and finished in 1869; it is 100 miles long, located in Egypt and cuts through the Isthmus of Suez which is a solid piece of land between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea which means people do not have to go around the Cape of Good Hope anymore; it was a French financed project and helped the French build an over seas empire; Britain bought a share to expand their empire • Panama Canal: designed by Count Ferdinand De Lesseps and was completed in 1914; it is a passage way between North and South America which made it easier to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific and vice versa
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