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Study Guide Exam 1

by: Claire Kidd

Study Guide Exam 1 HIST 1020

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > HIST 1020 > Study Guide Exam 1
Claire Kidd
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

This is a study guide for the first exams listing everything in groups!
World History 2
Dr. Cathleen Giustino
Study Guide
history, history 1020, HIST 1020, Dr. Giustino
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Claire Kidd on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1020 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Cathleen Giustino in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see World History 2 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
Study Guide for Exam 1 on 2/18/16 Inventions  spinning wheel: it existed before the industrial revolution; made string  flying shuttle: invented by John Kay in 1733; a new type of loom  spinning jenny: invented by James Hargreaves in 1764; it made more multiple  strands of string  old steam engine: invented in 1712 by Thomas Newcomen  steam engine: improved in 1765 by James Watt; it used coal so it took less energy to run  waterframe: invented by Richard Arkwright in 1769; stretched the cotton out to  make string stronger  Maxim Gun: invented in 1884 by Hirman Maxim; first machine gun, could fire  eleven bullets per minute  pneumatic tire: invented in 1887 by John Boyd Dunlap; tire used for cars and  bicycles Political –ism’s  classical liberalism: had three main values­ laissez­faire, linear historical progress, representative government  communism (scientific socialism): it wanted to help the working class and it  called for working revolution  socialism (social legislation): lawmaking that aims to benefit society  nationalism: having loyalty to one’s country or having feelings of common  national identity  old imperialism: before 1870, countries only conquered costal and island regions,  let the native government continue to rule, not much interaction with natives  new imperialism: began in 1870; focused more on the interior of continents;  empires would overthrow and take over governments; also began to build  factories overseas  Leaders  Robert Koch: “father or microbiology,” discovered germ theory, tuberculosis,  bacillus, and cholera vibrio  Karl Marx: wrote the Communist Manifesto with Engel  Frederick William IV: Prussian king 1840­1861; he denied the Frankfurt  Assembly and then wrote the Prussian Constitution of 1850  William I: Prussian King 1861­1890; first German emperor  Otto Von Bismarck: lived from 1815­1898; he became Minister­President in  1862, he wanted to unify Germany through wars  David Livingstone: went to Africa in 1841 to bring medical knowledge and  Christianity  Henry Morton Stanley: he went to Africa and found Livingstone for the sole  purpose of making money  Leopold II: King of Belgium from 1865­1909; he created the International Congo  Association with Stanley to make money; known for the brutality in making the  natives harvest rubber Books  Wealth of Nations: written by Adam Smith in 1776; discussed laissez­faire  economics  Acid and Rain: written by Robert Smith in 1872; discussed how the burning of  coal caused acidic rain  Phenomenology of the Spirit: written by George W. F. Hegel in 1807; contained  the dialectic  Theory of Four Movements: written by Charles Fourier in 1808; wanted everyone  to live in a phalanx and pool their resources together to achieve a utopia; utopian  socialist book  The New Christianity: written by Henri de Saint Simon in 1825; wanted the  government to be run by a technocracy; utopian socialist book  What is Property?: written by Pierre­Joseph Proudhon in 1840; included labor  into property and said the factory owner’s were stealing the worker’s property;  utopian socialist book  Communist Manifesto: written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engles in 1848; a plan  for communism  The Casement Report: written by Roger Casement in 1904; brought worldwide  attention to the brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s  activities in Africa  King Leopold’s Soliloquy: written by Mark Twain in 1905; brought worldwide  attention to the brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s  activities in Africa  Red Rubber: written by E.D. Morel in 1906; brought worldwide attention to the  brutality in the Congo Free State, and helped stop Leopold’s activities in Africa  The Happy Science: written by Friedrich Nietzsche in 1882; stated that “god was  dead,” and the book really exemplifies that Europeans were losing their faith and  moral compass   The Young People of Today: written by Henri Massis and Alfred de Tarde in  1913; it was the results of a survey they did at a university where students  complained about being bored, having no moral compass, and having a crisis of  values; there solution was war  The Economic Consequences of the Peace: written by John Maynard Keynes in  1919; he warned in this book that the reparations were too high  Wars  Austro­Prussia War (Seven Weeks War): began in June 1866 o Bismarck accused the Hapsburg of mismanaging their affairs with  Schleswig­Holstein o June 15, 1866 Hapsburg declared war and lost in seven weeks o Prussia decided the peace treaty and said they were not allowed to  interfere with the other central European states o 1867 North German Confederation was formed with Prussia and 21 other  states  Franco­Prussian War: July 1870­January 1871 o 1868 Spain had a coup d’etat and needed a permanent government o decided on Hohenzollern but France was unhappy because they  were enemies and France did not want to be surrounded by them o they sent Benedetti to propose the Bourbon to talk with Willam I in Ems o William I wrote the Ems Telegram o Bismarck rewrote the telegram and leaked it to the press o July 1870 ­ January 1871 France declared war o the other small states joined the German Confederation out of fear or pride o the German Reich is created on January 18, 1871 at the Palace of  Versailles in Paris, France  Matabele Uprising: 1893­1894; Great Britain used the maxim gun to easily defeat  the Matabele warriors   Kuba Massacre: 1899; the Belgium rubber agents hired the Zappo Zaps to attack  villages that did not meet their rubber quota Government Documents • Factory Act of 1833 (Althorp’s Act): children under 9 could not work in factories,  children 9­14 could only work 9 hours a day, and children 14­18 could only work 12  hours a day  Factory Act of 1847 (Ten Hours Act): children had to be at least 14 to work;  children 14­18 could only work 10 hours a day; women could only work 10 hours a day  Frankfurt Assembly: met 1848­1849; a meeting composed of men from the  bourgeoisie who wanted a unified Germany; they created a constitutional  monarch, they took it to Fredrick William IV who turned it down   Prussian Constitution of 1850: created by Frederick William IV; created the  Prussian Diet which would be voted on by universal male suffrage, the king could send parliament home, and it created the Minister­President position  International Congo Association: organized by Leopold II and Stanley; it was  basically a business to make money  Berlin Conference: it was organized by Bismarck in 1885; it was called to get the  European states to stop fighting about boarders in Africa and to prevent a war Places • Suez Canal: was designed by Count Ferdinand De Lesseps and finished in 1869;  it is 100 miles long, located in Egypt and cuts through the Isthmus of Suez which  is a solid piece of land between the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea which  means people do not have to go around the Cape of Good Hope anymore; it was a French financed project and helped the French build an over seas empire; Britain  bought a share to expand their empire • Panama Canal: designed by Count Ferdinand De Lesseps and was completed in  1914; it is a passage way between North and South America which made it easier  to get from the Atlantic to the Pacific and vice versa


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