Anthropology Study Guide 1
Anthropology Study Guide 1 ANTH 1100 350
University of Memphis
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Annika Coley on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Barton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Biol Anth & Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
Anthropology Exam 1 Study Guide Choose 3 of the four questions: 1. What are the four fields of anthropology (2)? Describe each field (2). How does anthropology differ from the other disciplines that study humans (1)? The four branches of anthropology are Biological – study of humans from a biological perspective Linguistic – study of the relationship between language and social relations Cultural – the study of beliefs, practices, and social networks of people Archaeology – study of people from the past by analyzing the material culture they leave behind Anthropology differs from other disciplines of studying humans because anthropology focuses on holism and studying individuals to understand society as a whole. 2. In which animals did Darwin most famously note physical variations (1)? Why was this theory so revolutionary (1)? What are three of the keys of natural selection (3)? Darwin used finches. This theory was evolutionary because it challenged the Bible’s interpretations that species were fixed. Three keys of natural selection are - Species can reproduce faster than the food supply increases - There is biological variation within a species - There is competition within a species due to food supply or other phenomenon 3. What is a Theory (1)? What is the theory of catastrophism (1)? What is the theory of uniformitarianism (1)? Discuss the ways that these theories, and evolution, challenged the belief systems of people in the past and present (2)? A theory is a well substantiated explanation of natural phenomenon supported by evidence and testing. The theory of catastrophism is that sudden dramatic events such as volcano eruptions and earthquakes shape Earth’s surface. The theory of uniformitarianism is that long processes such as plate tectonic movement shapes Earth’s surface. These theories and evolution offered an explanation about Earth and modern species that differed with the commonly believed ideas of the day and are still sources of research and debate. 4. Define and discuss mitosis and meiosis (2). What are gametes (1)? What is a heterozygote and a homozygote (2)? Mitosis is simple cell division in which a cell divides to produce two identical cells. Meiosis is cell division for reproductive cells where four daughter cells with half the number of chromosomes are produced. Gametes are sex cells that only half of the normal amount of chromosomes that can join with another sex cell to form a zygote or fertilized egg. A heterozygote has both a dominant and recessive allele and shows the dominant trait. A homozygote has both recessive allele and shows the recessive trait.
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