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Geography 150 Chapter 3 Study Guide

by: Natalie Notetaker

Geography 150 Chapter 3 Study Guide GEOG 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > GEOG > GEOG 150 > Geography 150 Chapter 3 Study Guide
Natalie Notetaker

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Study guide to for chapter 3!
Global Geography
Study Guide
geography 150
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Natalie Notetaker on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOG 150 at Ball State University taught by Airriess in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in GEOG at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
TEXT 1STUDY QUESTIONS CHAPTER 3­LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN (pp. 121­142) Identify the distinguishing characteristics of the Aztecs, Maya and Inca empires with reference to their location and achievements. Aztec – Central Mexico, had complex cosmology, built enormous ad impressive temples, and  were skilled farmers. Their crowning achievement was their capital city Tenochtitlan. Had  intimidating military, grew food in highly productive raised agriculture fields – called  chinampas. Mayan – a series of city states. Known for having the only sophisticated writing system in the  Americas, astronomy, and complex calendar system.  Inca – based in Cusco, Peru, relatively small ethnic group. They conquered numerous groups,  and assimilated others into the empire. Masterful administrators and architects. Oversaw roads  for efficient transportation and the redistribution of people and food. Best achievement is Machu  Pichu. Identify the significance of the Treaty of Tordesillas. Is explains why Brazil became a Portuguese colony and Portuguese speaking, as opposed to most of the rest of Latin America, where Spain was the colonial ruler and Spanish became the  predominant language.  Describe in a general fashion, population growth patterns. Latin America population growth was very rapid during the 1900s.  What is Import Substitution Industrialization (ISI)? What were the results of the ISI strategy and  why did it ultimately fail? ISI is a trade and economic policy which advocates replacing foreign imports with domestic  production. ISI was positive for many decades, but by the late 1970s excessive borrowing and  the global energy crisis and economic slowdown made it fail. Latin Americas exports decreased,  and countries could no longer pay the money they owed on their loans which caused a “debt  crisis”.  What were the general economic changes brought about by neoliberal economic policies? Latin American economies must compete in the global economy and an open economy would be more efficient and lead to economic growth.  What has been the impact of globalization on agricultural exports? Many countries chose to pursue alternative agricultural exports. Ecuador is the worlds largest  exporter of bananas. Urban agriculture has increased, ranging from households growing a small  part of their food in backyards to organized and extensive gardening projects.  What are the handful of criticisms of mass tourism?  Much of the tourism is controlled by transnational companies and much of the revenue leaves the region. 8. Identify three possible reasons for the rise of Protestantism. Religious upheaval, the role of women in society, and the rise of indigenous movements in  several countries.  9. How have women become more empowered at the local and national geographical  scales? What is the bananera movement? Greater participation in the workforce. The bananera movement is a transnational feminist  movement of banana workers in Central America and Ecuador.  10. What are remittances and why are they important to some families and national  economies? Remittances are money or good sent from the migrant destination to the home country. Many households in central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean rely on remittances as their source of income.


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