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Psych 245: Study Guide for Exam 1

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by: Samantha Jo Butterfield

Psych 245: Study Guide for Exam 1 Psychology 245

Samantha Jo Butterfield

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Chapters 1-3 materials
Social Psychology
Dr. Goodman
Study Guide
50 ?




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"If Samantha isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!"
Lexus Emmerich

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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samantha Jo Butterfield on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psychology 245 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Dr. Goodman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 90 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.

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If Samantha isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!

-Lexus Emmerich


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Date Created: 02/12/16
PSYC 245 (001) – Goodman – Spring 2016 Tentative Outline of Material to be Covered on Exam 1 (Wednesday, February 17 ) th Chapter 1 (Introduction & Methods) and Chapter 3 (Social Cognition) Note: If changes to outline are required, I will let you know. Chapter 1 What is Social Psychology? Two Key Principles: 1) Social behavior is goal-driven – what does this mean? Be able to define and generate/identify examples of the 5 fundamental social goals. 2) Person-situation interactionism – be able to define what is meant by “the person,” and “the situation.” Generate/identify examples of how these concepts interact to produce behavior. Major Theoretical Perspectives of Social Psych: Sociocultural Evolutionary Social Learning Social Cognitive o What drives social behavior from the view of each perspective? (e.g., norms and culture; desire to attract mates and reproduce, etc…) o Be able to generate a hypothesis from the vantage point of each perspective. o Describe the research studies and findings offered in support of each perspective (e.g., Iyenger & Lepper, 1999; Kenrick & Keefe, 1992; Dweck, 2008, and others) o Consider the following: How might a theorist from each perspective answer the question: “Why do most humans eat meat as part of their diet?” Methodology What is a Theory? A Hypothesis? How do the two concepts relate to one another? Graphical Representations – be able to identify the x and y axis on a graph; view a graph and explain the relationship between variables and what can be inferred from the graph given the research method used to collect the data. Descriptive Research Methods (general definition, types of…Naturalistic Observation, Case Studies, Archival Studies, Surveys, Psychological Tests, and advantages/disadvantages of each; be able to identify and generate examples of each)  Describe the types of data generated by and statistical analyses that can be used with descriptive methods. What are we able to infer from such data/analyses? Describe the concept of validity. What does it mean for a scale/measure to be valid? For an experiment to be valid? What are the two types of validity most relevant to experimental studies? What is reliability and how does it differ from validity? 1 PSYC 245 (001) – Goodman – Spring 2016 Experimental Method (Laboratory Experiments and Field Experiments – be able to identify, apply, differentiate, and generate examples; the advantages and disadvantages of this method, etc…)  Describe the types of statistical analyses that can be used with experimental methods. What are we able to infer from such analyses?  Differentiate between between-subjects and within-subjects experimental designs.  Be able to define, identify, generate, and apply the following concepts; generate an example experiment that includes examples of all of the following terms: Independent variable Dependent variable Operational definition Experimental group Control group Random assignment vs. random selection/sampling Control of confounds/extraneous variables Demand characteristics Can you define and give examples of the ethical issues psychological studies can run into? (i.e., privacy, physical injury, psychological injury, deception) Informed consent Assessment of benefits and risks (cost-benefit analysis) Debriefing Research example discussed in class (e.g., Middlemist et al., 1976) Describe Social Psych’s relationship to other disciplines. What is the the focus of inquiry in the following fields and sub-fields? Developmental Psychology Personality Psychology Clinical Psychology Cognitive Psychology Sociology Anthropology Chapter 3 What is Social Cognition? Underlying Themes of Social Cognition: 1) Automatic vs. Controlled Processes – define these terms, generate/recognize an example of each 2) Rational vs. Irrational Thought – define terms, generate/recognize example List and describe the four core processes of social cognition (be able to define each and recognize examples). ABC News (2004) Sex Survey – how can social cognition help explain findings? 2 PSYC 245 (001) – Goodman – Spring 2016 The goals/objectives of social cognition: (be able to define, recognize, and generate examples of and processes related to each of them, do these goals align with each other at all times or do they diverge?) Conserving Mental Effort – why do we need to? Cognitive Strategies: Expectations Confirmation Bias and Self-Fulfilling Prophecy Research examples of each of these discussed in class (Rosenhaun et al., 1973; Snyder, Tank, & Berscheid, 1977, others) Dispositional vs. Situational Inferences (describe and be able to differentiate)  Actor-Observer Effects  Correspondence Bias/The Fundamental Attribution Error (Quiz Show research example) Cognitive Heuristics (what are they, what are they useful/problematic?)  Representativeness Heuristic  Availability Heuristic  Anchoring and Adjustment heuristic 3


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