SW 222 Exam 1 Study Guide
SW 222 Exam 1 Study Guide SW 222
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexis Fulton on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SW 222 at University of Kentucky taught by Sarabeth Leukefeld Biermann in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Development Social Welfare in Social Work at University of Kentucky.
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Date Created: 02/12/16
SW 222002 – Spring 2016 Exam 1 Study Guide What are values? Ideals, beliefs, and customs considered important & defining. Can be personal, professional, societal and national. How were American values developed? Judaism & Christianity Democratic Ideal Puritan Ethic Social Darwinism What are the different political and social work practice perspectives and what are their views on social welfare? Conservative, Liberal, & Radical Conservative: resists change, favors tradition, favors a small federal government and fewer governmentrun social welfare programs Liberal: favors change, views history as the way forward, favors a widereaching federal government and expansion of social welfare programs under its auspices Radical: favors change by altering fundamental societal structures, favors a restructured federal government and private citizencontrolled social welfare programs Describe “friendly visitors”. Who was wellknown for this approach? Workers associated with the charity organization society movement. Visitors were urged to be friendly, but firm. Main functions: correct character flaws of the poor & to inspire them to strive for independence and moral life Mary Richmond was wellknown for this approach What was Hull House and who founded it? Started in England, with the desire to be “good neighbors” to those living in poverty. Focused on environmental factors Founded in a poor immigrant neighborhood of Chicago in 1889. o Provided daycare, club for working girls, lectures & cultural programs. Founded by Jane Addams & Ellen Gates Starr Who advocated for the mentally ill and for separate mental institutions? Dorothea Dix o Special institutions for those with mental illnesses o Mental hospitals with more human treatment o Similar movements around delinquents, poor children, & developmentally/physically disabled What social work technique was spawned by charity organizations? Social casework o Individualization of treatment Describe the Gini coefficient, what it measures, and how it works. Compare inequality in income worldwide Ranges from 01 o 0 = absolutely equal o 1 = absolutely unequal What is trickledown theory? Conservative theory People with money making more money will benefit everyone because they can create jobs & their ability to pay higher taxes will benefit everyone. What is the Culture of Poverty? A lack of money & also a lifestyle composed of values, attitudes, and behaviors that are related to being poor. Describe absolute and relative definitions of poverty. Absolute: o A relatively fixed level of income below which a person cannot function in a productive & efficient manner in a given society. Relative: o Where absolute definitions of poverty attempt to set an objective line that separate the poor from the nonpoor Who are the residual poor? People who remain in poverty over an extended or long period of time Called “underclass” & may depend on welfare benefits for daily subsistence What is the feminization of poverty? More women are becoming poor; single femaleheaded families, divorce, teenage pregnancies, & out of marriage births. What are each of the individual, cultural, and structural theoretical perspectives related to poverty? Describe them. Individual: o Genetic Inferiority (biological) Traditionally being poor was in the blood Minorities believed to be less intelligent than the majority. Lost popularity after WWII Intellect is a predictor of poverty/how well one will do in life IQ’s differ by race o Result of Psychological problems (psychopathology) Poor people from multiproblem homes Developmental needs not met in childhood lifelong immaturity cannot meet needs of their own children who then become immature o Human capital approach Knowledge, skills, health, or values that raise earnings, health or good habits over a human’s lifetime. Look at worth of person’s labor More education/skills means they are worth more in labor market. Poverty is a result of people having low levels of human capital. No one can take human capital away from you. o Expectancy model (social psychological view) Highlights relationships between confidence, sense of control, and success. Success confidence sense of control OR people fail lose confidence more failure Povertypeople lose sense of control and begin to expect failure/see no escape from poverty. Cultural o Culture of poverty Develops as a reaction by the poor to their marginal position in society. Represents an effort to cope with feelings of hopelessness and despair which develop from the realization of the improbability of achieving success Consists of a set of values, behavior patterns, and beliefs among the poor that are different from those of the larger society. o Cultural deprivation The poor are deprived of the opportunity to develop the knowledge, beliefs, and values held by mainstream society Differences in educational achievement between poor and nonpoor children are due to differences in home backgrounds Uneducated parents who do not value education raise children who are uninterested in educational attainment. CHILDREN ARE NEVER TAUGHT TO VALUE EDUCATION Structural o Structural factors perpetuate poverty 4 groups of structure Vicious cycle: o Trap poor o Prevent from changing situation Class system: o Start in lower class, harder to get out of. Economy o Rich get richer because they exploit the lower classes Institutionalized discrimination o Against African Americans, elderly, women, and other groups o Social isolation hypothesis Poverty is based on isolation geographically therefore socially Housing projects/city ghettos Geographic isolation denies poor of opportunities middle and upper class have available to them Describe the Supplemental Poverty Measure. March 3, 2010, the Obama Administration announced that the SPM would officially be put into use. takes into account a wider range of factors to determine who is poor in the US and will provide a more accurate picture of who is poor takes modern expenses into consideration when calculating who is poor Inkind benefits Healthcare Childcare Housing Utilities Other expenses Geographic location Cost of living is higher in many urban locations than in rural locations Government subsidies (food stamps, housing subsidies, and tax credits) National health insurance was adopted in what year and with amendments to what piece of legislation? 1935 with the Social Security Act Describe the Medicare and Medicaid programs. Medicare o Covers most hospital and medical costs for people age 65+ and to disabled Social Security recipients Medicaid o Provides health care coverage to person receiving federally supported public assistance (ALL the poor) 19. What is the Health Security Act? Who introduced it? A bill to ensure individual and family security through health care coverage for all Americans in a manner that contains the rate of growth in health care costs and promotes responsible health insurance practices, to promote choice in health care, and to ensure & protect the health care of all Americans. Introduced by Hillary Clinton What is SCHIP? State Children’s Health Insurance Program Program administered by the US Department of Health and Human Services that provide matching funds to states for health insurance to families with children. What characteristics make an individual likely to be poor? Race Gender Disability What is social efficiency theory? The idea that by providing enough financial reward (higher wages), the most highly qualified people will be motivated to pursue the most difficult jobs Describe what the National Mental Health Act of 1946 did. Truman signed it in after WWII and it called for National Institute of Mental Health and granted money for research, training, and education about mental illness. What was Mary Richmond known for? What was her practice/political perspective? What were her beliefs about poverty and those living in poverty? Liberal Charity Organization Society Strengths perspective Circle diagram begins with client and then made little changes to help change the life of the client If someone needs help we should provide it. What was Jane Addams known for? What was her practice/political perspective? What were her beliefs about poverty and those living in poverty? Hull House Federal Government should give more relief Everyone deserves our aid Radical for the time Settlement houses to keep female immigrants out of brothels Looked to government and private funding Identify the differing perspectives on the origin of mental illness. Physiological o Genetics and chemical causes, as well the effects of physical abnormalities in the brain Psychological o Outgrowth of an individual’s personality development Behavioral o Concentrates on behavior and view it as a set of learned responses resulting from a combination of rewards and punishments Environmental & sociologic o Seen as being rooted in an individual’s social experience, including his or her community life and interpersonal relationships. Describe what income distribution is like in the U.S. Sociologist Stanley Eitzen asserts that the U.S has the most unfair distribution of wealth and income in the industrialized world and the rate of growth of inequality is faster than any other industrialized nation What groups are most likely to live in poverty in the U.S.? African Americans (race is the greatest predicator of poverty) People with less than a high school diploma Females Describe liberal views of poverty. Poverty occurs as the result of structural problems such as economic, social, and political inequalities. They believe that poverty is due to deprivation of opportunities, values, beliefs, skills, and knowledge that the nonpoor have. Describe conservative views of poverty. Poverty is a result of individual defects due to deficiencies in an individual’s productive life What is TANF? Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Created by personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act 60 months maximum eligibility/lifetime Work requirements What is AFDC? The original TANF Aid to Families with Dependent Children Social Security Act of 1935 Dependent child under 18 deprived of parental support Describe the Americans with Disabilities Act. Describe the main accomplishments and beliefs of the historical figures your classmates identified during the inclass Role Play assignment. Review notes taken in group
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