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SW 222 Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Alexis Fulton

SW 222 Exam 1 Study Guide SW 222

Marketplace > University of Kentucky > Social Work > SW 222 > SW 222 Exam 1 Study Guide
Alexis Fulton

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Completed study guide for SW 222, 1st exam
Development Social Welfare
Sarabeth Leukefeld Biermann
Study Guide
Social Work
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexis Fulton on Friday February 12, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SW 222 at University of Kentucky taught by Sarabeth Leukefeld Biermann in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Development Social Welfare in Social Work at University of Kentucky.


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Date Created: 02/12/16
SW 222­002 – Spring 2016 Exam 1 Study Guide What are values? ­ Ideals, beliefs, and customs considered important & defining.  ­ Can be personal, professional, societal and national.  How were American values developed? ­ Judaism & Christianity ­ Democratic Ideal ­ Puritan Ethic ­ Social Darwinism  What are the different political and social work practice perspectives and what are  their views on social welfare? ­ Conservative, Liberal, & Radical ­ Conservative: resists change, favors tradition, favors a small federal government and fewer  government­run social welfare programs ­ Liberal: favors change, views history as the way forward, favors a wide­reaching federal  government and expansion of social welfare programs under its auspices ­ Radical: favors change by altering fundamental societal structures, favors a re­structured  federal government and private citizen­controlled social welfare programs Describe “friendly visitors”. Who was well­known for this approach? ­ Workers associated with the charity organization society movement. Visitors were urged to  be friendly, but firm.  ­ Main functions: correct character flaws of the poor & to inspire them to strive for  independence and moral life ­ Mary Richmond was well­known for this approach What was Hull House and who founded it? ­ Started in England, with the desire to be “good neighbors” to those living in poverty.  ­ Focused on environmental factors ­ Founded in a poor immigrant neighborhood of Chicago in 1889.  o Provided daycare, club for working girls, lectures & cultural programs.  ­ Founded by Jane Addams & Ellen Gates Starr Who advocated for the mentally ill and for separate mental institutions? ­ Dorothea Dix o Special institutions for those with mental illnesses o Mental hospitals with more human treatment  o Similar movements around delinquents, poor children, & developmentally/physically disabled What social work technique was spawned by charity organizations?  ­ Social casework o Individualization of treatment Describe the Gini coefficient, what it measures, and how it works. ­ Compare inequality in income worldwide ­ Ranges from 0­1 o 0 = absolutely equal o 1 = absolutely unequal What is trickle­down theory?  ­ Conservative theory ­ People with money making more money will benefit everyone because they can create jobs & their ability to pay higher taxes will benefit everyone.  What is the Culture of Poverty? ­ A lack of money & also a lifestyle composed of values, attitudes, and behaviors that are  related to being poor.  Describe absolute and relative definitions of poverty. ­ Absolute:  o A relatively fixed level of income below which a person cannot function in a  productive & efficient manner in a given society.  ­ Relative: o Where absolute definitions of poverty attempt to set an objective line that separate  the poor from the non­poor Who are the residual poor?  ­ People who remain in poverty over an extended or long period of time ­ Called “underclass” & may depend on welfare benefits for daily subsistence What is the feminization of poverty?  ­ More women are becoming poor; single female­headed families, divorce, teenage  pregnancies, & out of marriage births.  What are each of the individual, cultural, and structural theoretical perspectives  related to poverty? Describe them. ­ Individual:  o Genetic Inferiority (biological)  Traditionally being poor was in the blood  Minorities believed to be less intelligent than the majority.   Lost popularity after WWII   Intellect is a predictor of poverty/how well one will do in life  IQ’s differ by race o Result of Psychological problems (psychopathology)  Poor people from multi­problem homes  Developmental needs not met in childhood lifelong immaturity cannot meet  needs of their own children who then become immature o Human capital approach  Knowledge, skills, health, or values that raise earnings, health or good habits  over a human’s lifetime.  Look at worth of person’s labor  More education/skills means they are worth more in labor market.  Poverty is a result of people having low levels of human capital.   No one can take human capital away from you. o Expectancy model (social psychological view)  Highlights relationships between confidence, sense of control, and success.  Success  confidence  sense of control OR people fail  lose  confidence  more failure  Poverty­people lose sense of control and begin to expect failure/see no  escape from poverty.  ­ Cultural  o Culture of poverty  Develops as a reaction by the poor to their marginal position in society.   Represents an effort to cope with feelings of hopelessness and despair which  develop from the realization of the improbability of achieving success  Consists of a set of values, behavior patterns, and beliefs among the poor that are different from those of the larger society.  o Cultural deprivation  The poor are deprived of the opportunity to develop the knowledge, beliefs,  and values held by mainstream society  Differences in educational achievement between poor and non­poor children  are due to differences in home backgrounds  Uneducated parents who do not value education raise children who are  uninterested in educational attainment.  CHILDREN ARE NEVER TAUGHT TO VALUE EDUCATION ­ Structural o Structural factors perpetuate poverty  4 groups of structure   Vicious cycle: o Trap poor o Prevent from changing situation  Class system: o Start in lower class, harder to get out of.  Economy o Rich get richer because they exploit the lower classes  Institutionalized discrimination o Against African Americans, elderly, women, and other  groups o Social isolation hypothesis  Poverty is based on isolation geographically therefore socially  Housing projects/city ghettos  Geographic isolation denies poor of opportunities middle and upper class  have available to them Describe the Supplemental Poverty Measure. ­ March 3, 2010, the Obama Administration announced that the SPM would officially be put into  use.  ­ takes into account a wider range of factors to determine who is poor in the US and will provide  a more accurate picture of who is poor ­ takes modern expenses into consideration when calculating who is poor ­ In­kind benefits ­ Healthcare ­ Childcare  ­ Housing ­ Utilities ­ Other expenses ­ Geographic location  ­ Cost of living is higher in many urban locations than in rural locations  ­ Government subsidies (food stamps, housing subsidies, and tax credits)  National health insurance was adopted in what year and with amendments to what  piece of legislation?  ­ 1935 with the Social Security Act Describe the Medicare and Medicaid programs. ­ Medicare  o Covers most hospital and medical costs for people age 65+ and to disabled Social Security recipients  ­ Medicaid  o Provides health care coverage to person receiving federally supported public  assistance (ALL the poor) 19. What is the Health Security Act? Who introduced it?  ­ A bill to ensure individual and family security through health care coverage for all Americans  in a manner that contains the rate of growth in health care costs and promotes responsible health  insurance practices, to promote choice in health care, and to ensure & protect the health care of all  Americans. ­ Introduced by Hillary Clinton  What is S­CHIP? ­ State Children’s Health Insurance Program ­ Program administered by the US Department of Health and Human Services that provide  matching funds to states for health insurance to families with children.  What characteristics make an individual likely to be poor? ­ Race ­ Gender ­ Disability  What is social efficiency theory? ­ The idea that by providing enough financial reward (higher wages), the most highly  qualified people will be motivated to pursue the most difficult jobs Describe what the National Mental Health Act of 1946 did. ­ Truman signed it in after WWII and it called for National Institute of Mental Health and  granted money for research, training, and education about mental illness. What was Mary Richmond known for? What was her practice/political  perspective? What were her beliefs about poverty and those living in poverty? ­ Liberal ­ Charity Organization Society ­ Strengths perspective ­ Circle diagram begins with client and then made little changes to help change the life of  the client ­ If someone needs help we should provide it.  What was Jane Addams known for? What was her practice/political perspective?  What were her beliefs about poverty and those living in poverty? ­ Hull House ­ Federal Government should give more relief ­ Everyone deserves our aid ­ Radical for the time ­ Settlement houses to keep female immigrants out of brothels ­ Looked to government and private funding Identify the differing perspectives on the origin of mental illness.  ­ Physiological o Genetics and chemical causes, as well the effects of physical abnormalities in the  brain ­ Psychological o Outgrowth of an individual’s personality development ­ Behavioral o Concentrates on behavior and view it as a set of learned responses resulting from  a combination of rewards and punishments ­ Environmental & sociologic  o Seen as being rooted in an individual’s social experience, including his or her  community life and interpersonal relationships.  Describe what income distribution is like in the U.S. ­ Sociologist Stanley Eitzen asserts that the U.S has the most unfair distribution of wealth  and income in the industrialized world and the rate of growth of inequality is faster than  any other industrialized nation  What groups are most likely to live in poverty in the U.S.? ­ African Americans (race is the greatest predicator of poverty) ­ People with less than a high school diploma ­ Females Describe liberal views of poverty. ­   Poverty occurs as the result of structural problems such as economic, social, and  political inequalities. ­ They believe that poverty is due to deprivation of opportunities, values, beliefs, skills,  and knowledge that the non­poor have. Describe conservative views of poverty. ­ Poverty is a result of individual defects due to deficiencies in an individual’s productive  life What is TANF? ­ Temporary Assistance for Needy Families ­ Created by personal responsibility and work opportunity reconciliation act ­ 60 months maximum eligibility/lifetime ­ Work requirements What is AFDC? ­ The original TANF  ­ Aid to Families with Dependent Children ­ Social Security Act of 1935  ­ Dependent child under 18 deprived of parental support Describe the Americans with Disabilities Act. Describe the main accomplishments and beliefs of the historical figures your  classmates identified during the in­class Role Play assignment. ­ Review notes taken in group 


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