Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide GEOL 21080-002
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alli Petit on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to GEOL 21080-002 at Kent State University taught by Nicholas Bonini (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see ALL ABOUT THE OCEANS in Geology at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
▯ Questions to consider: ▯ ▯ TRUE/FALSE Longitude lines go from the North Pole to the South Pole…TRUE Latitude is a function of time…FALSE Navigators were able to keep accurate time at sea with a pendulum clock…FALSE More water vapor in the atmosphere increases the greenhouse effect, which leads to higher temperatures and accelerates evaporation. This is an example of a positive feedback…TRUE Water infiltrates through clay faster than sand…FALSE Earth rotates in a clockwise direction…FALSE Vegetation causes the rate of runoff to decrease…TRUE The ocean floor is mostly flat and featureless…FALSE The thickest sediments in the ocean are found near ocean ridges…FALSE The lithosphere includes only the upper layer of the earth’s crust…FALSE The thickest sediments in the ocean are found around active margins… TRUE Most of the land masses surrounding the Pacific Ocean are passive margins…FALSE In general, sediment size in the ocean increases away from the shore… FALSE The deepest trenches on the earth’s crust are found in the Pacific Ocean… TRUE OTHER: The first accurate clock to work at sea was perfected in the year…1760 List the steps of scientific inquiry in order… o 1. Make observations o 2. Formulate hypothesis o 3. Conduct experiments o 4. Confirm or refute hypothesis Which of the following is NOT an international ocean drilling program… OCEAN ACCESS DRILLING PROGRAM (OADP) The earth bulges at…THE EQUATOR Isotopes have the same number of PROTONS but a different number of NEUTRONS Match the source of water to its reservoir… o Water vapor – atmosphere o Plants – biosphere o Lakes and ocean – hydrosphere o Glaciers and sea ice – cryosphere o Groundwater – lithosphere List the four major oceans in order, from smallest to largest, based on surface area o 1. Southern ocean o 2. Indian ocean o 3. Atlantic ocean o 4. Pacific ocean Nearly 70% of Earth’s fresh water can be found in…GLACIERS AND ICE CAPS New crust in the ocean is formed through a process called… CONVECTION The theory of continental drift was suggested by ALFRED WEGENER The youngest rocks in the ocean are found…NEAR MID-OCEAN RIDGES The largest supercontinent to form was… PANGAEA An oceanic plate being sub ducted beneath a continental plate occurs at a… CONVERGENT BOUNDARY The ocean floor is about 5,000 meters deep List the order of oceanic features along a passive margin, in order from land to sea o 1. Continental shelf o 2. Continental slope o 3. Continental rise o 4. Abyssal plain above the carbonate compensation depth, supply IS GREATER THAN dissolution ▯ ▯ 2
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