KINE 2850 Study Guide
KINE 2850 Study Guide Kine 2850
Popular in Structural Kinesiology
Popular in Kinesiology
This 11 page Study Guide was uploaded by Autumn Hubbard on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Kine 2850 at East Carolina University taught by Mr. Rider/ Collin Bowersock in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 144 views. For similar materials see Structural Kinesiology in Kinesiology at East Carolina University.
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Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 02/14/16
KINE 2850 Study Guide Test 1: I want to make it clear that I have no idea what is on the test but from the notes and lecture these are the things I feel that we should know before test 1. The axial skeleton skeleton includes the trunk, spine, neck and head The appendicular skeleton is basically your 4 limbs! It is your upper and lower extremities. The major functions of the skeletal system can be memorized by a pneumonic device. ( I hope this doesn’t offend anyone) 1. Fuck Framework 2. My Movement by being attachment sites 3. Pumpkin Protection for organs 4. Spice Storage for minerals 5. Burned Blood formation (bone marrow) When it comes to the MUSCULAR SYSTEM, I know that our instructor stressed 3 types of contractions. Isometric – pushing against something, stabilizing the body Concentric flexing or shortening the muscle (starts movement) Eccentric lengthening or lowering back down from a pull up For muscles the origin is always the proximal attachment site or the attachment site closest to the trunk and the insertion is the attachment point that is more distal. TENDONS AND LIGAMENTS We probably have this concept by now but just to make sure, a TENDON attaches muscle to bone: a LIGAMENT attaches bone to bone. Tendon= muscle to bone Ligament= bone to bone Keys words that were stressed on the first day of class: Anterior Posterior Medial Lateral Superior Inferior Proximal Distal Superficial Deep Prone Supine Contralateral relating to the opposite side Ipsilateral relating to the same side If you don’t know these off the top of your head, get to know them! Fill tem in here if you need to or make flashcards. They are on all of our worksheet so I know they’ll be on the test! More key things that took me longer to learn: Planes of motion Sagittal Transverse Frontal/Coronal SAGITTAL – think, it has 2 T’s so picture a line through the tit|ties (left and right halves) Transverse think, HORIZANTAL top and bottom Frontal think, self explanatory front and back Sagittal holds flexion and extension. Transverse holds external and internal rotation Frontal holds abduction and adduction Next objective: Shoulder girdle Remember, the more bone stability you have the less range of motion you will have. Also remember the sternoclavicular joint connects the upper extremity to the trunk! The shoulder girdle is the area of the body that connect the upper extremity to the trunk and contains the scapula and clavicle. Shoulder movements: Upward and Downward Rotation Scapular Muscles and their functions Trapezius Upper elevation Middle retraction Lower depression Levator Scapulae: Attaches superior elevation Rhomboids Minor and Major elevation or medial rotation Exercises that work the shoulder girdle; shrugs, rowing and shoulder presses. Pectoralis Minor Protraction and depression Subclavis Stabilizes Clavicle Serratus anterior Protraction and/or lateral rotation The shoulder joint Now here are some questions I pulled from multiple sources. These are somewhat like the ones on our worksheet. Most of them are from Quizlets I’ve seen. In which plane of motion do flexion and extension occur? Sagittal In which plane of motion does rotation occur? Transverse In which plane of motion do AB and ADDuction occur? Frontal What are 3 muscles attached only to the appendicular skeleton of the upper extremity? Biceps brachii, Triceps brachii, Deltoid What 3 muscles attached only to the appendicular skeleton of the lower extremity? Biceps femoris, Rectus femoris, Gastrocnemius Another name for transverse plane Horizontal Another name for frontal plane Coronal Muscles used to elevate the shoulder girdle Trapezius, Rhomboids, Lavator Scapulae Muscles used to depress the shoulder girdle Trapezius, Pectoralis minor Muscles used to protract the shoulder girdle Pectoralis minor, Serratus anterior Muscles used to retract the shoulder girdle located anterior or posterior? Trapezius, Rhomboids; Posterior Muscles used to upwardly rotate the shoulder girdle Trapezius, Serratus anterior Muscles used to downwardly rotate Pectoralis minor, Rhomboids Muscles used to flex the shoulder Deltoid, Pectoralis major, Coracobrachialis Muscles used to extend the shoulder Pectoralis major, Deltoid, Triceps brachii, Latissimus Dorsi , Teres major, Teres minor, Infraspinatus Muscles used to ABDuct the shoulder Deltoid, Pectoralis major, Supraspinatus Muscles used to ADDuct the shoulder Subscapularis, Pectoralis major, Teres major, Latissimus dorsi Externally rotate the shoulder Infraspinatus,Teres minor Internally rotate the shoulder Pectoralis major, Latissimus dorsi, Teres major, Subscapularis Flexion and extension of the shoulder occur in the _______ plane, while ABduction and ADDuction of the shoulder occur in the________. Sagittal, Frontal What movements occur at the proximal radioulnar joint? pronation/supination Which movements occur at the humeroulnar joint? flexion/extension Muscles that flex the humeroulnar joint Biceps brachii, Brachialis ,Brachioradialis Muscles that extend the humeroulnar joint Triceps brachii, Aconeous Muscles that pronate the radioulnar joint Pronator teres, Pronator quadratus Muscles that supinate the radioulnar joint Biceps brachii, Supinator During the lifting phase of a pushup, what type of contraction is the triceps performing? Concentric working against gravity During the lowering phase of a pushup, what type of contraction is occurring? Eccentric working with gravity What is the function of the flexor retinaculum? To keep the flexor muscles from "bowstringing" during flexion Muscles that flex the wrist Flexor carpi radialis , Palmaris longus (only used to flex the wrist), Flexor carpi ulnaris, Flexor digitorium superficialis, Flexor digitorium profundus, Abductor pollicis longus Muscles that extend the wrist Extensor carpi ulnaris, Extensor carpi radialis brevis, Extensor carpi radialis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, Extensor pollicis longus Muscle that extends the index finger only Extensor indicis Muscle that extends the 5th finger only Extensor digiti minimi Muscles that act on the thumb Flexor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis longus, Extensor pollicis brevis, ABDuctor pollicis longus Landmark of the humerus that serves as the proximal attachment site for the extensor carpi ulnaris Lateral epicondyle The distal attachment helps differentiate between the flexor digitorium superficialis and the flexor digitorium profundus. Which of these two flexes the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint of fingers 2 5? Flexor digitorium profundus Extrinsic Muscles that originate outside of the body part on which they act Intrinsic Muscles that belong solely to the body part on which they act Muscle contraction that occurs when the muscle is lengthening Eccentric Flexion and extension occur in which plane of motion Sagittal Definition of structural kinesiology The study of human movement by identifying the anatomical elements Rotator cuff muscles responsible for aBDuction of the shoulder Supraspinatus The shoulder is very stable and has a limited range of motion FALSE Muscle that concentrically retracts the shoulder girdle Rhomboid major Joint of the shoulder girdle that connects to the trunk Sternoclavicular Muscle that acts to aBDuct the shoulder MIddle deltoid Plane of motion shoulder aBDuction occurs _______. Frontal Concentric action of the subscapularis Internal (medial) rotation Pronation and supination occurs in the arm Forearm The humeroulnar joint is a ball and socket joint FALSE Movements produced at the elbow joint flexion/extension Side of the body that elbow extensors are located Posterior Primary muscle being used during the eccentric phase of a pushup Triceps brachii Muscles that pronate the forearm Pronator teres Pronator quadratus Pronation and supination occur at the proximal radioulnar joint TRUE Biceps brachii is the most effective flexor when the forearm is _________ Supinated Plane of motion that elbow flexion and extension occurs Sagittal ABDuction (radial deviation/flexion) and ADDuction (ulnar deviation/flexion) of the wrist occur in the ________ plane of motion Frontal Like the other fingers, the thumb has a proximal, middle and distal phalanx FALSE Wrist ligament that wraps around the anterior surface and acts to hold the flexor tendons in place Flexor retinaculum Finger joint between the proximal phalanx and middle phalanx Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint Extrinsic muscles of the hand and wrist are located Forearm Muscle that causes movement of the thumb Flexor pollicis longus Muscle group responsible for producing powerful gripping movements of the hand Extrinsic flexors Muscle that extends the 5th finger concentrically Extensor digiti minimi Two bones that make up the shoulder girdle Clavicle Scapula Muscle that concentrically retracts the shoulder girdle Rhomboid major The glenoid fossa of the scapula and the humerus articulate to form the shoulder joint TRUE Splits body into front and back halves abd and adduction occur in this planeFrontal Flexion/extension JOINT ABDuction/ADDuction JOINT External (lateral) rotation/ Internal (medial) rotation JOINT Elevation/Depression GIRDLE Protraction (aBDuction) /Retraction (aDDuction) GIRDLE Elbow flexors are located on which side of the body Anterior Brachialis flexes the elbow regardless of the forearm position Biceps brachii most effective when the forearm is supinated Brachioradialis most effective when the forearm is pronated Elbow extensors and are on which side of the body Triceps brachii Anconeus (supplementary extensor) Posterior Pronation and supination is ________ the radius rotating over the ulna S L T P T T C H Scaphoid Lunate Triquetrum Pisiform Trapezium Trapezoid Capitate Hamate JOINTS MP PIP DIP IP (thumb) Name of the wrist joint Distal radioulnar joint Function of the extensor retinaculum Prevent tendons from bow stringing tendons ...... attach muscle to bone ligaments .......attach a bone to another bone forming a ligament Sagittal Dorsiflexion/Plantarflexion Frontal Elevation/Depression TransversePronation/Supination Protraction/Retraction
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