New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

english ch.1-5

by: kmb0095

english ch.1-5 ENGL1120

GPA 3.67

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

english study guide
English Composition II
Dr. Marvyn Petrucci
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in English Composition II

Popular in Foreign Language

This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by kmb0095 on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ENGL1120 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Marvyn Petrucci in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 119 views. For similar materials see English Composition II in Foreign Language at Auburn University.


Reviews for english ch.1-5


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/14/16
Ch. 1 notes  Arguing is not ‘anger’ or ‘hostility’ rather it is quite pleasurable  Argument entails a desire for truth  It aims to find the best solutions to complex problem  Explicit argument – directly states its controversial claim & supports with reason and evidence  Implicit argument – may not look like an argument o Bumper sticker, billboard, poster  Features of an argument o Requires justification of its claims  Child saying they’ll be home at 2am, mom says no – not an argument yet  Child says “but I’m 16!” – now its an argument because the child offered a reason  Two necessary conditions – set of 2+ conflicting assertions and the attempt to resolve the conflict through an appeal to reason  “to argue” = to clarify  Child: “I should be allowed to stay out until 2 on a trial basis because I need enough freedom to demonstrate my maturity and show you I wont get into trouble” o Argument is a process and a product  Process – two or more parties seek the best solution to a question or problem  Product – any person’s contribution to the conversation o Argument combines truth seeking and persuasion  Propaganda obliterates truth seeking – it will do anything including distorting assertions and flat-out lying to convince an audience  Take why people say ‘you’re wrong’ in order to prove you’re right through your argument  Sophists o Professional rhetoricians who specialized in training orators to win arguments {lawyers} o Sophistry became synonymous with trickery in an argument o Stakeholders – forge a personal stance based on your examination of all the evidence and your articulation of values that you can make public and defend Ch. 2  We focus on inquiry as the entry point into argumentative conversations  Ways to explore o Freewriting – fingers to the keyboard/pen to paper and just rapidly writing nonstop o Idea mapping – draw a circle and write a trigger idea in the center, then record ideas on branches extending from the circle o Believing and doubting game – critical thinking strategy  As a believer, be wholly sympathetic to an idea  As a doubter, be judgmental and critical by finding fault with every idea  Genres – reoccurring types or patterns of arguments o Ex) letters to the editor o Helps shape an argument  Empathy – temporarily adopt the author’s beliefs and values, suspend your skepticism and biases in order to hear what the author is saying  Summary writing as a way of reading to believe (empathy) o Read the argument for general meaning o Reread the article slowly and write brief ‘does’ and ‘says’ statements for each paragraph to summarize the function and content o Examine the ‘does’ and ‘says’ to determine the major sections of the argument o Turn the list into a prose summary o Revise your summary until it is sufficiently clear and concise  Dialectic o Thesis followed by a o Antithesis which o Conflicts between these two cause a synthesis that incorporates aspects of both views Ch. 3  Structure of an argument o Introduction (thesis) o Presentation of writer’s position (main body) o Summary of opposing views & response to opposing views (shows weaknesses of opposing views) o Conclusion  Classical appeals o Logos  “word”  focuses on the quality of the message  an argument’s logical structure, the strength of an argument’s support and internal consistency o Ethos  “character”  focuses on the writer’s character as projected through the message o Pathos  “suffering” or “experience”  focuses on the values and beliefs of the audience  appeals to the audience’s imaginative sympathies, their capacity to feel and see what the writer feels and sees o Kairos  “right time” or “opportunity”  suggests that for an argument to be persuasive, its timing must be effectively chosen  frame of an argument o issue question – any question that provokes disagreement about the best answer o claim – positon you want your audience to accept  thesis – one sentence summary answer to your issue question  support with reasons  reason – a claim used to support another claim  because, therefore, since, for, thus, so Ch. 4  enthymeme – core of an argument o root the speaker’s argument in an audiences’ assumptions, beliefs, or values o to complete an effective enthymeme, an audience must willingly supply a missing premise o “en” (in) and “thumos” (mind)  listeners/readers must have in mind an assumption, belief, or value that lets them willingly supply the missing premise  successful arguments require: a claim, a reason, and grounds o grounds – supporting evidence that causes an audience to accept your reason  grounds are the “blood and muscle that flesh the skeletal frame of your enthymeme”  facts, data, statistics, testimonies, examples o backing – the argument that supports the reason (aka the warrant) Ch. 5  evidence – all the verifiable data and information a writer might use as support for an argument o evidence is part of the ‘grounds’ and ‘backing’ of an argument o ex) personal experience, observation/field research, interviews, questionnaires, surveys, library/internet research, testimony, statistical data, hypothetical examples & cases, sequences of ideas  STAR o Sufficiency: is there enough evidence? o Typicality: is the evidence representative and typical? o Accuracy: is the evidence accurate and up-to-date? o Relevance: is the evidence relevant to the claim?  Angle of vision o a perspective, bias, lens, filter, frame, or screen that helps determine what a writer sees or doesn’t see o determines and reveals the writer’s view of what’s important and significant, and which can be ignored  {7} rhetorical strategies for framing evidence o controlling the space given to supporting vs. contrary evidence o emphasizing a detailed story vs. presenting lots of facts and statistics o providing contextual and interpretive comments when presenting data o putting contrary evidence in subordinate positions o choosing labels and names that guide the reader’s response to data o using images to guide the reader’s response to data o revealing the value system that determines the writer’s selection and framing of data  {4} strategies for framing statistical evidence o raw numbers vs. percentages o median vs. mean o unadjusted vs. adjusted numbers o base point for statistical comparisons


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.