Diversity II Exam I Study Guide
Diversity II Exam I Study Guide 211
Popular in Diversity of Life II
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Foreign Language
This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jacob Erle on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 211 at Syracuse University taught by Justine Weber in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 227 views. For similar materials see Diversity of Life II in Foreign Language at Syracuse University.
Reviews for Diversity II Exam I Study Guide
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/14/16
Diversity of Life II Exam I Study Guide Symbiosis Distinguish between the different categories and be able to provide examples of each: Mutualism Parasitism Commensalism Also know: Ammensalism, Synnecrosis, Symbiogenesis Who was the first to formally describe symbiosis? What are some of its shortcomings? Be able to describe the processes behind: the lichen “symbiosis” between the bacteria/alga (photobiont) and fungi (mycobiont) coral reefs and zooxanthellae fig wasps and fig trees Explain the following statement, “Symbiosis is a closing loop of matter and entropy.” Who is Lynn Margulis? What is the relationship between virulence and probability of interhost transmission? Contrast the models for horizontal vs. vertical gene transfer Note: symbiotic relationships are not always fixed; consider each in terms of net energy flow. Archaea What are the common shapes of bacteria? Common configurations? Compare and contrast Archaea with Eubacteria Describe the 4 main classes of oxygen relationships seen in Archaea? 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) Where do microbes obtain their energy? Where are Archaea found? Know who van Leeuwenhoek and Selman Waksman are, and what they are known for. What are some contemporary methods for classifying bacteria? What are some of the reasons we can’t know everything there is to know about Archaea? Possible uses of Archaea? Define the following species of Archaea Thermoplasma Methanopyrus kandleri Methanococcoides burtonii Haloquadratum walsbyi Archaeal Richmond Mine acidophilic nanoorganisms Picrophilus torridus Pyrodictium Methanococcus jannaschii Methanobrevibacter smithii Define the following species of pathogenic organisms. (Note – not in order) Yersinia pestis Treponema pallidum Bartonella henselae Aeromonas hydrophila Escherichia coli Salmonella sp. Salmonella enteric typhi Clostribium botulinum Agrobacterium Helicobacter pylori Mycobacterium tuberculosis Mycobacterium leprae Clostridium tetani Streptococcus pyrogenes Clostridium difficile Bacillus anthracis Staphyloccus aureus Define the following species of “beneficial” bacteria. -Escherichia coli -Lactobacillus acidophilus -Propionibacteriaceae -Leuconostoc mesenteroides -Lactobacillis sanfranciscensis -Zymonmonas mobilis -Agrobacterium -Bacillus thuringiensis -Clostridium botulinum -Pseudomonas syringae What was the significance of the Tuskegee Study, 1932’72? What are some other practical applications we use bacteria for? The Human Microbiome What are some adaptive advantages of a microbe ‘memory’? Which organisms are best at telling helpful microbes from harmful ones? Which bacterial phylum makes up the largest amount of microbes in the human gut? What are some of the primary functions of the human microbiome? What about our guts make them an excellent breeding ground for bacteria? How can microbes be used for evaluating water quality? Know the types of techniques (2) used for sampling microbial community DNA, and what each is mainly used for. Know the goals of the Human Microbiome Project (HMP) (4). 1.) 2.) 3.) 4.) Where is the largest diversity of bacteria found in the human body? Why? What are some of the various feeding strategies used by bacteria, and which one is the most commonly used by those found in the human gut? Why? What conclusions can we draw based on bacteria sampled from the tongue and human feces? PROTISTS – Parts I, II, and III What are some of the basic properties for identifying and classifying protists? Why should we study protists? How were protists categorized originally? Why was this a flawed design? Describe Endosymbiotic Theory. Fill in the chart Group Common Characteristics of Group Alveolate Subgroup Habitat Morphology Ecology Life Cycle and Examples Reproduction Dinoflagellate s Subgroup Ciliophora Subgroup Apicomplexa Group Common Characteristics of Group Archaeplastid a Subgroup Habitat Morphology Ecology Life Cycle and Examples Chlorophyta Reproduction Subgroup Rhodophyta Group Common Characteristics of Group Amoebozoa Subgroup Habitat Morphology Ecology Life Cycle and Examples Amoebidae Reproduction Group Common Characteristics of Group Excavata Subgroup Habitat Morphology Ecology Life Cycle and Examples Euglenozoa, Reproduction Euglenids Subgroup – Euglenozoa, Kinetoplastid s Subgroup Parabasilida Subgroup Percolozoa Group Common Characteristics of Group Stramenopila Subgroup Habitat Morphology Ecology Life Cycle and Examples Chrysophytes Reproduction Subgroup – Diatoms (Class Bacillariophyceae) Subgroup – Actinochrysophyceae (‘heliozoans’) Subgroup – Phaeophycea (brown algae)
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'