Biology Unit 3 Study Guide
Biology Unit 3 Study Guide Bio 190
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This page Study Guide was uploaded by Anna Stidham on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Bio 190 at Towson University taught by Joseph Velenovsky in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Intro Biology for Health Professions in Biology at Towson University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
UNIT 3 STUDY GUIDE ATP cleaving phosphate and phosphorylation to drive endergonic process Photosynthesis 6C02 6H2O C6H1205 602 Carbon dioxide Water Sugar Oxygen Glucose and ATP has a high lot of high chemical potential energy because the bonds ATP Phosphate groups are very repelling and are unstable bonds Fermentation anaerobic path to recycle NADH to NAD to perform more glycolysis and generate ATP Adenine ATP Phosphates J QIUCOSB cytoso iglucoge Cytoso 2 ATP 2 ATP II Glycclyeie II 4 ATP I Glycolyms F 4 ATP NADH NAD 2 pyruvate NADH NAD 2 pyruvate A v v U w Alcchcl Lactic Acid Ih 2 CO Fermentaticn 2 Fermentation 2 H20 I K 2 Ethanol j K 2 Lactate Know where everything occurs Glycolysis cytoplasm Grooming of Pyruvate mitochondrial matrix Citric Acid Cycle Mitochondrial matrix ETC inner mitochondrion membrane Chemiosmosis inner mitochondrial membrane Proteins are in inner membrane space Be uent in numbers Glycolysis 2 NADH 2 ATP Pyruvate oxidation 2 NADH One turn of cycle 3 NADH 1 FADH2 1 ATP Whole cycle 6 NADH 2 FADH2 2ATP Chemiosmosis 28 ATP All ATP is made by substrate level phosphorylation or oxidative NADH Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide FADH2 Flavin adenine dinucleotide Short answers about cellular respiration Overall production of cellular resiration Heat amp ATP GLYCOYSIS 9 steps catalyzed by separate enzymes Single Glucose 6 Carbon goes in 2 GBP end product of investment and start of payoff phase 2 Net ATP 2 NADH and 2 3carbon pyruvates The 2 NADH will either go a route of NADH or FADH2 and this will cause a change in the end product of ATP because FADH produces less energy CITRIC ACID CYCLE Hans Kreb 2 Turnscyce Coenzyme A comes in and binds to Oxaloacetate to make Citrate Gets oxidized to a 5 carbon and then to a 4 carbon and then bonds get rearranged to other 4 carbon molecules and when this happens Mewmen annuities with a so Is released lunr earhm Gun tram sitember liarrnhg a Six camber v we semenurkd Ming 3 E f l u 3 3qu liversamen GenaDune Amuse 9 1 so i a E gisreleaseei mm lhe l39iwztiarhm mpound eavlng quot a fmJIearbon 3 395 393 G 5 mmund 5 I to Hill cm The tmhcamm emmd is converted to a fourw rben 13TH rvEW qurecarbm l h l39 VI quot cmpmm ismnw sed if ch h lemeimrearbon V 39 r mmpound that thegm 39 1 int WillIE ETC Peter Mitchell Cristae are folds in mitochondrial membrane to create more space for ETC 2 does not move protons brings in FADH and is reason why we don t know if its 3238 Mobile electron proteins move energy molecules between protein systems Carrier molecules in each protein Electrons transported and Hydrogen ions or protons pumped out and create gradient bc they are charged and cannot get through on their own Figure 611 Electron trans ort chain to mitochondrial membrane Electron 3 ow 7 I 7 i matrix Electron tranapo ifchain ATP suntlhase 45 is sometimes called chemiosmosis kinetic energy of H flowing backth rough ATP synthase powers the synthesis of ATP fromADP also called oxidative phosphorylation in your book Cyanide and C0 TH quot39FLAKDID IMTEHMEMB RAPIE SPACE SPACE lt7 MEMEH NE inquot 3 ATP saynthaoe MATHIK STRUMA Law iH concentration ATP Synthase is protein that pumps H through which synthesizes ATP About 28 ATP made FADH then it would be less than 28 Cellular Respiration Exergonic bc it releases heat and ATP and then is used to do endergonic reactions in the cell Oxidation and Reduction lLoss oil hydrgen atoms l oxidation 1 C H1EDE l E 1 HE El3 EJHEU Energy Elucso EmPl 7 Gain of l iyorogen atoms A 7 reduction Exergonic absorbs energy Endergonic absorbs energy Exergonic Flea ctioh Endergonic Flaaction h I 1 HERE Eta l39l t T Products I EE E no rgy Holes sec o G g Energy Absorbed lo 3 E i E E E LL LL 35gtProduects 1 Eactams Coursoof Reaction r Eourso of Reaction E Metabolism total of an organism s chemical reactions Cofactor inorganic that helps enzyme copper iron zinc Coenzyme organic that helps enzyme vitamin Essay enzymes in general competitive catalytic cycle everything from 513 end of chapter Catalytic cycle Eneyrme I Substrate euereee enerexee Aetlye a ENE Fruetee A Enzyme and eulhetrate Ellueelee are available Freduei39lre ere releaeedl Enzyme eubetrete multiplex r Euhetre te le eelneeded te ereduets A 7 quot i y la Substrate binds m 7 teenzyme Feedback Inhibition Feedeack inhibitien n Enzyme1 Enzyme 2 Enzyme IIF IE 1 In Reectien 1 eeetien 2 39 Reectien 3 7 Starting P reduet Willil yl Way to stop production of 4 too much 4 so feedback inhibitor Multistep multienzyme catalyzed metabolic that inhibit pathway feedback inhibition Either competitive inhibitor end product competes with substrate product looks exactly like 1 product four acts as competitive Sucrose and sucrose something shaped like maltose will be made to stop Noncompetitive product random that ts into aosteric site Something that t into matase s aosteric site square would be made Enzymes bond using hydrogen bonds so that they can come undone if need be Reversible enzyme inhibitor ibuprofen and penicillin Covalent is bad pesticides V2 rocket gas that bonds to enzymes Denaturation pH temp salt Temp denatures enzyme pH dentures enzyme and cause the substrate to enzyme bond to not occur salt breaks the bonds in the enzyme and denatures it Activation energy with and without enzyme lEnizymle Actiiion 3 r 39Wi thout enzyme g ctivtation energy EL i wulhgyt er izyrwe m l a c 5 g m s m Eu With enigma Activatigm ewr ergy cg wreath Enzyr ne Reactan ts Ovewralil energy 3 GIUCQSE 32 released during FrEaC ti vln E Products I135 C Il1 ICC HRS lVA w
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