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Study Guide for Exam 1

by: Chelsea Jenkins

Study Guide for Exam 1 BIO 229

Marketplace > Murray State University > Biology > BIO 229 > Study Guide for Exam 1
Chelsea Jenkins

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About this Document

Covers all PowerPoints for Exam 1
Human Physiology
Sterling Wright
Study Guide
Human Physiology
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Chelsea Jenkins on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 229 at Murray State University taught by Sterling Wright in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Human Physiology in Biology at Murray State University.


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Date Created: 02/14/16
BIO 229 Human Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide 1. List the components of the CNS and PNS 2. What is the purpose of gyri and sulci? 3. When does neurulation occur? 4. Name the lobes of the brain and their functions 5. Which lobe deals with personality 6. What is the function of the thalamus? 7. Does information/signals cross the midline or stay on one side? 8. What is cerebral lateralization? 9. What happens when the Broca’s area is damaged? What about Wernicke’s area? 10.How are sound waves characterized? 11.How is each characteristic measured? 12.What part of the ear increases sound wave intensity? 13.Describe each ossicle 14.Describe how sound waves move through the cochlea 15.Name the three chambers of the cochlea 16.What is the purpose of the organ of corti? 17.How are receptor potentials made? 18.What is the difference in conduction and sensory deafness? 19.What is sensory transduction? 20.Name the 5 different types of receptors 21.What is the difference between phasic and tonic receptors? 22.Describe a receptor potential 23.What’s the difference between free and encapsulated nerve endings? 24.Describe the two-point threshold 25.What is lateral inhibition? 26.What is a taste bud made of? 27.Name the 4 modalities of taste 28.What does the cell membrane separate? 29.What is the difference between passive and active transport? 30.What is a channel? What is its purpose? 31.What does diffusion rate depend on? 32.Name and describe the two types of active transport 33.What is a Na+/K+ ATPase pump? 34.What is the most permeable ion? 35.What does permeability mean? 36.What is the Nernst Potential Equation? 37.What is the equilibrium potential for K+? For Na+? 38.What has the strongest influence on the membrane potential (E )?m 39.What are the two types of cells in the Nervous System? 40.What is the structural and functional unit of the nervous system? 41.What do neurons do? 42.Name and describe the parts of a neuron 43.How are neurons classified? 44.What direction does the impulse of an Afferent neuron go? 45.Describe the 3 structural classifications of neurons 46.What makes the pseudounipolar neuron unique? BIO 229 Human Physiology Exam 1 Study Guide 47.Name and give the function of the six types of Glial cells. Which belong in the CNS and PNS? 48.Describe the myelin formation in the CNS and PNS 49.What are the Nodes or Ranvier? 50.Where are internodes? 51.What is resting potential caused by? 52.Define the following: a. Depolarization b. Repolarization c. Hyperpolarization 53.What are voltage gated ion channels? 54.Describe positive and negative feedback loops 55.What is an active potential? 56.Describe the “all or none” characteristic of Action Potentials 57.Describe the types of refractory periods 58.What does high internal resistance of the axonplasm do to the conduction of the nerve impulse? 59.What is the purpose of myelin? 60.What are the two types of synapses? 61.What is a gap junction? 62.Where are neurotransmitters transmitted? 63.Describe the sequence of events during a chemical synaptic transmission 64.What are EPSP and IPSP? 65.Name and describe the receptor channels for chemical neurotransmittiers 66.What is the difference between nicotinic and muscarinic ACh receptors? 67.What does Acetycholinesterase do? 68.Describe the function of the following: a. Monoamines b. Amino Acids c. Polypeptides 69.What is the function of the autonomic nervous system? 70.Describe the divisions of the autonomic nervous system


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