Study Guide for Test 1
Study Guide for Test 1 1020-002
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amanda Notetaker on Sunday February 14, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1020-002 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Giustino in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 46 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 02/14/16
Promise Questions - Laissez-faire: “hands off”-gov’t would not interfere with the economy - Comm th - Germany unified January 18 , 1871 - World War 1- 1914-1918 - World War 2 -1939-1945 Books: Wealth of Nations: written by Adam smith in 1776. Invisible hand of economics; laissez-faire. Acid and Rain: written by Robert Smith in 1872. Discussed how the burning of coal caused acidic rain; the effects of pollution on health. Phenomenology of the Spirit: written in 1807 by George Hegel. It contained the dialectic Theory of Four Movements: written in 1808 by Charles Fortier. He wanted utopia by having everyone live in a phalanx and pool their resources. However, there was no plan to achieve this. This was a utopian socialist book. The New Christianity, written in 1825 by Henri de Saint Simon. He wanted the government to be run by a technocracy, which is led by scientists and engineers. This was a utopian socialist book. What is property? Written by Pierre- Joseph Proudhon in 1840. He said that property also included labor, and the bourgeoisie was stealing the workers’ property by paying too little/overworking them. Terms: Bourgeoisie: middle class, factory owners Technocracy: government run by scientists and engineers Proletariat: working class Dialectic: the basic model for what drove history (created by Hagel, driven by Geist) Geist: German word meaning spirit Utopia: perfect society Coup d’état: overthrow of the government. Junker: aristocrat/noble. Diet: Prussian Parliament. Leaders: Robert Koch: “Father of Microbiology” discovered germ theory. Discovered tuberculosis bacillus (1882) and cholera vibrio (1883). Argued for sanitation-clean their utensils between surgeries. Karl Marx: born in Prussia to a wealthy Jewish Family. He went to University of Berlin, he studied philosophy and history. He wanted to teach but he wasn’t allowed since he had radical ideas. B/c he experienced anti-Semitism growing up, he had a lot of sympathy for the proletariat class. He became a journalist in Paris for a German newspaper. He looked up to/studied Hegel’s ideas. Wasn’t a big fan of Geist! Frederick William IV: Prussian king 1840-1861. Frankfurt Assembly came to him and asked him to approve their constitution and be the king. He replied with “No, I won’t accept a crown from the gutter.” He wouldn’t accept it from people in a lower social class (he was an aristocrat). He wrote the Prussian Constitution of 1850. William I- Prussian king 1861-1890; first German emperor Otto Von Bismarck: 1815-1898. He was a Junker(aristocrat). He wanted a unified Germany, but only out of Prussia and the smaller states. In 1862 he became Minister-President of Prussia. Provoked wars in order to unite Germany, said it would take “iron and blood”. Political Traditions: Factory Act of 1833- Althorp’s Act o Children under 9 could not work in factories o Children ages 9-14 could only work 9 hours with mandatory 1-hour lunch break. o Children 14-18 could only work a max of 12 hours a day. Factory Act of 1847 Ten Hour’s Act o Children had to be at least 14 to work o Children 14-18 could only work a max 10 hours a day. o Women could only work max 10 hours a day. Communism: wanted to help the working class. Built upon utopian socialism, AKA Scientific socialism. Utopia would be achieved inevitably due to the scientific laws of history. Socialism: (aka social legislation) lawmaking that aims to benefit society, especially those who couldn’t help themselves (kids and elderly). Wanted to promote social welfare. Classical liberalists began to break away from their laissez-faire ideals with socialism. Nationalism- having loyalty to one’s country, or sharing traditions, language, history, etc. Wars: Austro-Prussian War (aka 7 weeks’ war): began June 1866. Fought between Prussia and the Hapsburg Monarchy. Bismarck provoked this war by accusing Hapsburgs by mismanaging affairs in Schleswig-Holstein (they had joint control over these places). Hapsburgs declared war and lost due to having a weak army. o Prussia decided the peace terms- The Hapsburgs were not allowed to engage in affairs that happened in Prussia or the 37 smaller states. o This allowed Prussia to take over 21 small states and create the North German Confederation. Franco-Prussian War: July 1870-January 1871. Bismarck provoked this war by intercepting a telegram. o Background: Sept 1868- Spain had a coup d’état, which led this temp gov’t to call for a permanent gov’t. They called for the Hohenzollern Ruling Family to rule Spain. Hohenzollerns were Prussian, which made France mad because they were enemies with Prussia and would be surrounded if the Hohenzollerns took the throne in Spain. o France set Count Vince Benedetti to see William I to ask that the Hohenzollerns not rule Spain and to let France rule Spain. William I was in Ems, a spa town. o Meeting was brief, William wrote a simple telegram describing the exchange. Bismarck got his hands on this telegram and he reworded it and sent it to the media. o France got mad, declared war. o Prussia won, and declared the unification of German Reich. They announced this unification in Hall of Mirrors in Versailles (in France). Gov’t Documents/Acts Frankfurt Assembly: met 1848-1849. Composed of bourgeoisie. Called for Constitutional Monarchy and a unified Germany. Said that men over 25 could vote, but that they had to be wealthy, and had to have “Reason”. King had a lot of power, but he had to share it with Parliament. He had the power to send parliament home. Prussian Constitution of 1850: Frederik William IV created it. Prussian diet voted on by universal male suffrage under the three-class franchise. In the three-class franchise, each class had 1 vote; typically, the wealthiest two classes voted together. King could still send parliament home. It called for a Minister-President to reside over the diet.
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