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by: Fatima Ghufran
Fatima Ghufran

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About this Document

This a study guide for the Module 1 Quiz 1 for the Med Term course
Medical Terminology
Lona Sandon
Study Guide
MedicalTerminology, health
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Fatima Ghufran on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HLTH 3101.0W1 at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months taught by Lona Sandon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Medical Terminology in Health Sciences at 1 MDSS-SGSLM-Langley AFB Advanced Education in General Dentistry 12 Months.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Med T erm Quiz 1 Review  Prefix: located at the beginning of a term to modify its meaning; often indicates number, position, direction, or time. o Common Prefixes:  Retro- means behind  Ex: retrogastric, retrohepatic  *Sub- means below/under  *Hypo- means under/below  peri- means surrounding  hyper- means excessive  pro- means forward/before  aut- or auto- means self  dys- means bad/painful/difficult  dia-complete/through *These words may have the same meaning but cannot be used interchangeably.  Word Root: Provides a term’s essential meaning o Common word roots:  Gastr/ means stomach  Nephr/ means kidney  Ren/ means kidney  Arthr/ means joint  Hepat/ means liver  Cardi/ means heart  Rhin/ means nose  Ophthalm/ means eye  Combining form: a root word combined with a combining vowel o Common combining forms:  Gastr/o means stomach  Nephr/o means kidney  Ren/o means kidney  Cardi/o means heart  Neur/o means nerve  Cephal/o means head  Electr/o means electricity  Psych/o means mind  Oste/o means bone  Enter/o means intestines  Rhin/o means nose  Ophthalm/o means eye  Lapar/o means abdomen  Leuk/o means white  Cyt/o means blood cells  Combining Vowel: connects word roots to other roots or suffixes using vowels o Most common vowel used is O o Combining vowel is dropped when the suffix begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, or u)  Suffix: placed at the end of the word and most commonly indicates procedure, condition, or disease. o Common suffixes:  -itis means inflammation  -algia means pain  -ic & -al mean pertaining to  -osis means abnormal condition  -ology means study of  -gram means record  -tomy means incision  -emia means blood condition  -scopy means process of viewing  Division of a term into its word parts o For this skill you need to know your prefixes, word roots, combining forms, and suffixes very well o Common terms divided  Arthrogram  Arthr/o + -gram  Ophthalmalgia 2  Ophthalm/o + -algia  Arthritis  Arthr/o + -it is  Subgastric  Sub- + gastr/o + -ic 3


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