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by: Fatima Ghufran

MedTermQuiz1StudyNotes HITT 1305

Marketplace > HITT 1305 > MedTermQuiz1StudyNotes
Fatima Ghufran

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Quiz 1 Study Guide
Medical Terminology 1
Dr. Tasby
Study Guide
MedicalTerminology, health
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Fatima Ghufran on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HITT 1305 at a university taught by Dr. Tasby in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 40 views.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Med T erm Quiz 1 Review  Prefix: located at the beginning of a term to modify its meaning; often indicates number, position, direction, or time. o Common Prefixes:  Retro- means behind  Ex: retrogastric, retrohepatic  *Sub- means below/under  *Hypo- means under/below  peri- means surrounding  hyper- means excessive  pro- means forward/before  aut- or auto- means self  dys- means bad/painful/difficult  dia-complete/through *These words may have the same meaning but cannot be used interchangeably.  Word Root: Provides a term’s essential meaning o Common word roots:  Gastr/ means stomach  Nephr/ means kidney  Ren/ means kidney  Arthr/ means joint  Hepat/ means liver  Cardi/ means heart  Rhin/ means nose  Ophthalm/ means eye  Combining form: a root word combined with a combining vowel o Common combining forms:  Gastr/o means stomach  Nephr/o means kidney  Ren/o means kidney  Cardi/o means heart  Neur/o means nerve  Cephal/o means head  Electr/o means electricity  Psych/o means mind  Oste/o means bone  Enter/o means intestines  Rhin/o means nose  Ophthalm/o means eye  Lapar/o means abdomen  Leuk/o means white  Cyt/o means blood cells  Combining Vowel: connects word roots to other roots or suffixes using vowels o Most common vowel used is O o Combining vowel is dropped when the suffix begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, or u)  Suffix: placed at the end of the word and most commonly indicates procedure, condition, or disease. o Common suffixes:  -itis means inflammation  -algia means pain  -ic & -al mean pertaining to  -osis means abnormal condition  -ology means study of  -gram means record  -tomy means incision  -emia means blood condition  -scopy means process of viewing  Division of a term into its word parts o For this skill you need to know your prefixes, word roots, combining forms, and suffixes very well o Common terms divided  Arthrogram  Arthr/o + -gram  Ophthalmalgia 2  Ophthalm/o + -algia  Arthritis  Arthr/o + -it is  Subgastric  Sub- + gastr/o + -ic 3


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