×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UVA - HIST 3900 - Class Notes - Week 3
Join StudySoup
Get Full Access to UVA - HIST 3900 - Class Notes - Week 3

Already have an account? Login here
×
Reset your password

UVA / Religion / REL 3900 / Explain the agents in the transmission of Islam into West Africa.

Explain the agents in the transmission of Islam into West Africa.

Explain the agents in the transmission of Islam into West Africa.

Description

School: University of Virginia
Department: Religion
Course: Islam in Africa
Professor: Cynthia hoehler-fatton
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: islam, Africa, and religion
Cost: 25
Name: Week 3 of Notes-- Islam in Africa
Description: These notes go over how Islam was spread in Sub-Saharan Africa and its different modes.
Uploaded: 02/15/2016
4 Pages 207 Views 0 Unlocks
Reviews


.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-1 0}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4 0}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-6}.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2 0}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0 0}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2 0}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7 0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-2}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4 0}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2 0}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2}ul.lst-kix_y6og827vgqn-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0 0}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3 0}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0,upper-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7 0}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1 0}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-7}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1 0}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0 0}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_6f4kbwj1ea1n-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-4}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-0}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7 0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-8}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8 0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6 0}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-2 0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-0,upper-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3 0}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6}.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1 0}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-0 0}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-0 0}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8 0}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-1}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5 0}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-0}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6 0}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3 0}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-2 0}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4 0}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_my9vsh4x3l7e-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-4 0}.lst-kix_x2xcanoqczwu-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2 0}.lst-kix_lorhqcm0t1h1-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5 0}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-5 0}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4}ul.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7 0}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-7 0}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6 0}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-4 0}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-8 0}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-5}ul.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1 0}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-3 0}.lst-kix_2higmggrkaq8-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-1}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1 0}.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5 0}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-3 0}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8 0}ol.lst-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_sl6i4r5ep39j-3 0}.lst-kix_vt3jl42myiho-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-3}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-8 0}.lst-kix_barfjh1bn6bk-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-6 0}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-6 0}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_uoej4d7ehtlv-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-5 0}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-4 0}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_y1dgm3e4y2hd-5 0}ol.lst-kix_usdyuev68m-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_usdyuev68m-6 0}ol.lst-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ep2v8lm6wc4x-8 0}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_4i3mxqhw2q7b-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rp9i2buaas6o-7 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_tu91p7qohanu-0 0}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_tu91p7qohanu-4{list-style-type:none}

Agents in the Transmission of Islam into West AfricaWe also discuss several other topics like When did the Longshan era begin?
Don't forget about the age old question of What is the procedure for teaching how to count to 50 if the student can already count to 4?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the Signal Detection Theory?
We also discuss several other topics like What does Winston Churchill say about buildings and architecture?
If you want to learn more check out What does the IMF stand for?
We also discuss several other topics like What are the four generational cohorts?

  1. Berber influences from the North
  • Sanhaja - wore face veils ( to protect from sandstorms)
  • 11th Century, they had some exposure to Islam, but not much, but one of chiefs took Haji to present - day Tunisia
  • Malikite Madhab (school of law)
  1. Almoravids (1045 - 1160)
  1. Iba Yasin
  • Scholar; excellent orator and educator; wise military adviser and leader; from present Tunisia
  • Took Sanhaja on Jihad against Berber groups
  • Becomes founder of Almoravid Dynasty
  • Corruption of Arabic term, “murabitun”, people of the Ribats (fortresses)
  • Frontier warriors - involved in expanding their empire
  1. Almohads (1160 - 1275 CE)
  • To extend Islam is Western Sudan regions
  • Anglo - version of “muwahhidun” - unity of God
  • Berbers who cried for unity
  1. Ibn Tumart
  • Religious knowledge - study of Quran, Hadith, etc
  • Cilm - Religious sciences
  • Movement more mystical than Almoravids
  • Stressed ‘oneness’ of God
  • Accepted shiite concept of a deliverer who would come at the end of time
  • Fostered growth of sufism in North Africa - sub - Saharan
  • Walls: friends of God - recognition of these mystical connections
  1. Agents in medieval sub - Saharan Sudan
  • Ghand (8th - 13th century)
  • Almaravid influence - ruler was converted
  • Mali (13th - 15th century)
  • Songhai (15th - 17th Century)
  • Conversions not from attack, but by peaceful channels
  1. Traders / Merchants
  • Commercial contracts between North Africa and sub - Saharan preexisted Islam (~500 BC) - slight and intermittant
  • Camel introduced through Egypt and Chad (~4th - 5th Century)
  • Desert travel because easier
  1. Trans - Saharan Trade Routes
  • Sijilmasa trade route to Aoudaghust and Gao
  • Salt mines at Taghaza and later at Taoudenni
  • Northern empires needed gold and had salt present - day Ghana and Mali needed salt and had gold
  • Salt worth its weight in gold
  • Timbuktu - on nile, for trade via water
  • Islam and commerce closely intertuined
  • Beginning - Muhammad a caravan driver born in a commercial center (corrupt)
  • Devise laws to explicit corrupted commercial trades - not to undermine the whole system
  • Inherently urban - encouraged, because easier to practice in a community (Umma)
  • Advantageous
  • Small temporary settlements in towns - commercial enclaves
  1. Enclaves
  • Practice faith in communities
  • Levitzion: not direct pressure on non - Muslims
  • Influences: “cultural” - Salat, reverence to  Quran, observance of practices
  • “Introductory” or “casual”
  • Pattern with soswahili! Trading slaves and ivory
  • Maulid (celebration of the Prophet’s birthday) - locals would want to join
  1. Muslims more inclined / comfortable to trade with Muslims
  • Trade more likely with people who shared same religion - Benefited people to join Muslim community
  • Islamic credit system
  • Higher if shown orthodoxy
  • hausa
  1. Clerics (ulama) - alim - scholars
  • Levitzion: if confined to enclaves, only in edge of society
  • Specialist in Islamic learning, “ulama” - used loosely
  • Advisors to rulers - resided in capital in commercial enclaves
  • Missionaries and educators - autonomous; strong ties with Islamic learning
  • Advisors: integrated in socio - economic state
  • Askiya Muhammad of Sonhay
  • Become devout Muslim and puriticanical
  • Political expediency
  • Rulers pulled between 2 poles: Muslims and Ancestral religions
  • Appeal of Islam to extend relation with Sub - Saharan Trade Routes and being part of a universal community
  • Example: Yoruba
  • Agricultural cycle linked to Gods / spirits of nature, which is why indigenous religions were still predominant
Page Expired
5off
It looks like your free minutes have expired! Lucky for you we have all the content you need, just sign up here