Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide Sociology 201
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Sullivan on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 201 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer Triplett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Review Sheet o Social Conflict (macro) SOC 2100 Introduction to Sociology society is a place of inequality that Exam #1 creates conflict & change Know the difference between a theory and a hypothesis It is recommended that you study Quiz 1 as well as read the chapters and theory how & why specific facts are related supplemental readings the exam will hyp how 2(+) variables are related Know the difference between qualitative cover. (description) and quantitative (number) The 1 Exam will cover Chapters 14. The test will consist of the following: research Know the difference between Independent Matching, Multiple Choice, and (first to happen) and Dependent (changes True/False. bc of ind) variables Know what a correlation (relationship where You should know the following things from each 2 or more variables change together) of the lectures: causation (1 variable causes change in Chapter 1: The Sociological Perspective another) spurious correlation (2 variables relationship Know the definition of sociology caused by 3 factor) systematic study of human society Understand the different research Understand the Sociological Imagination/Perspective methodologies in sociology (experiment, survey, etc) o Which scholar(s) came up with it? Know the difference between ethical and C.W Mills o What does it mean? unethical research, as well as the examples seeing the general in the particular of unethical research we discussed. Know information from suicide slides Chapter 3: Culture Know who coined the term sociology August Comte Know the definitions of culture: ways of thinking/acting & material Know the history behind the development objects that together form someone’s way of of sociology 3 stages theological, metaphysical, scientific life society: people who interact in a defined territory & share a culture Material (physical) Nonmaterial (abstract) Chapter 2: Sociological Investigation Understand each of the sociological culture Know difference between countercultures perspectives, as well as which are macro (patterns strongly oppose those widely and which are micro accepted in society) and subcultures (set o Structural Functionalism (macro) “social structure” helps keep society aside a segment of pop) sub cultures w/in thee culture (race, gender, going hobbies) counter oppose normal lifestyle o Symbolic Interactionism (micro) (amish) society is the product of everyday interactions of individuals Norms rules/expectations society guides the behavior of members Folkways norms for routine/casual interaction think they have common interests with Mores widely observed norms, great moral members of another class. significance In general, what was Marx’s prediction for Valuesstandards used to decide what’s the future of capitalistic societies? desirable, good, & beautiful broad guidelines increasing technology in capitalist societies for living furthers power gap & leads to alienation Culture Shock What two concepts did Weber think were Know difference between High Culture and linked? Rationalization & Technology Popular Culture Based on the map we saw in class, which Know differences between regions do you think Weber would say are Ethnocentrism assumption one’s culture is most rational? USA, Europe, Canada, Saudi superior to others arabia Least rational? Most of Africa, Afrocentrism african madagascar Eurocentrism european According to Durkheim, is society just the Cultural Relativism judging culture by own sum of its parts? No it’s more (life of it’s standards own) What are the three main ways culture Mechanical preindustrial, social bonds based changes? on common values 1. Invention Organic Solidarity industrial, social bonds 2. Discovery based on specialization & interdependence 3. Diffusion Chapter 4: Society Know the four theorists whose visions of society we have studied 1. Lenski 2. Marx 3. Weber 4. Durkheim Definition of sociocultural evolution changes that occur as society gains new technology What are Lenski’s 5 societies? 1. Hunting & Gathering 2. Horticultural & Pastoral 3. Agrarian 4. Industrial 5. Postindustrial What are Marx’s 3 social classes? 1. Bourgeoisie owners of production means 2. Proletariat sells labor for wages 3. Lumpenproletariat “social scum” Class the awareness of members of a class of their class interests & enemies false consciousness members of one class
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