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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Alyssa Sullivan

Exam 1 Study Guide Sociology 201

Alyssa Sullivan
GPA 3.0

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exam 1 study guide
Intro to Sociology
Jennifer Triplett
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Sullivan on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 201 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer Triplett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Review Sheet  o Social Conflict (macro) SOC 2100 ­ Introduction to Sociology  society is a place of inequality that  Exam #1 creates conflict & change  Know the difference between a theory and a hypothesis  It is recommended that you study Quiz 1  as well as read the chapters and  theory­ how & why specific facts are related supplemental readings the exam will  hyp­ how 2(+) variables are related  Know the difference between qualitative  cover. (description) and quantitative (number)   The 1  Exam will cover Chapters 1­4.  The test will consist of the following:   research  Know the difference between Independent  Matching, Multiple Choice, and  (first to happen) and Dependent (changes  True/False. bc of ind) variables  Know what a correlation (relationship where You should know the following things from each  2 or more variables change together) of the lectures: causation (1 variable causes change in  Chapter 1:  The Sociological Perspective another) spurious correlation (2 variables relationship   Know the definition of sociology caused by 3  factor) systematic study of human society  Understand the different research   Understand the Sociological  Imagination/Perspective methodologies in sociology (experiment,  survey, etc) o Which scholar(s) came up with it?    Know the difference between ethical and  C.W Mills o What does it mean? unethical research, as well as the examples  seeing the general in the particular of unethical research we discussed.  Know information from suicide slides Chapter 3:  Culture  Know who coined the term sociology August Comte  Know the definitions of  culture: ways of thinking/acting & material   Know the history behind the development  objects that together form someone’s way of  of sociology 3 stages­ theological, metaphysical, scientific  life  society: people who interact in a defined  territory & share a culture  Material (physical) Non­material (abstract)  Chapter 2:  Sociological Investigation  Understand each of the sociological  culture  Know difference between countercultures  perspectives, as well as which are macro  (patterns strongly oppose those widely  and which are micro accepted in society) and subcultures (set  o Structural Functionalism (macro) “social structure” helps keep society  aside a segment of pop) sub­ cultures w/in thee culture (race, gender,  going hobbies) counter­ oppose normal lifestyle  o Symbolic Interactionism (micro) (amish)  society is the product of everyday  interactions of individuals  Norms­ rules/expectations society guides the  behavior of members Folkways­ norms for routine/casual  interaction think they have common interests with  Mores­ widely observed norms, great moral  members of another class.  significance   In general, what was Marx’s prediction for  Values­standards used to decide what’s  the future of capitalistic societies? desirable, good, & beautiful­ broad guidelines  increasing technology in capitalist societies  for living furthers power gap & leads to alienation  Culture Shock   What two concepts did Weber think were   Know difference between High Culture and linked? Rationalization & Technology Popular Culture  Based on the map we saw in class, which   Know differences between  regions do you think Weber would say are  Ethnocentrism­ assumption one’s culture is  most rational? USA, Europe, Canada, Saudi  superior to others arabia Least rational? Most of Africa,  Afrocentrism­ african madagascar Eurocentrism­ european  According to Durkheim, is society just the  Cultural Relativism­ judging culture by own  sum of its parts? No it’s more (life of it’s  standards own)  What are the three main ways culture   Mechanical­ preindustrial, social bonds based changes? on common values 1. Invention Organic Solidarity­ industrial, social bonds  2. Discovery based on specialization & interdependence 3. Diffusion Chapter 4:  Society  Know the four theorists whose visions of  society we have studied 1. Lenski 2. Marx 3. Weber 4. Durkheim  Definition of sociocultural evolution­  changes that occur as society gains new  technology  What are Lenski’s 5 societies? 1. Hunting & Gathering 2. Horticultural & Pastoral  3. Agrarian  4. Industrial 5. Postindustrial  What are Marx’s 3 social classes? 1. Bourgeoisie­ owners of production means 2. Proletariat­ sells labor for wages 3. Lumpenproletariat “social scum”  Class­ the awareness of members of a class of  their class interests & enemies false consciousness­ members of one class 


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