exam 2 study Guide
exam 2 study Guide Sociology 201
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Sullivan on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 201 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer Triplett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Review Sheet barely develops; died @ age 10, never fully SOC 2100 Introduction to Sociology developed. Exam #2 Isabelle intensive learning program pushed her to reach normal intellect level Genie can’t speak, physically healthy, adult It is recommended that you study Quiz 2 home as well as read the chapters and supplemental readings the exam will Know Freud’s 3 levels of personality cover. Ego middle between id & superego; reality The 2 Exam will cover 5 7 . principle The test will consist of the following: Super Ego morals & values of society Matching, Multiple Choice, and (conscience & ideal self) True/False. Id basic human drives from birth Know Mead’s stages of development You should know the following things from each [Self part of individual’s personality of the lectures: composed of self awareness & self image] imitative (infancy) babies mimic basic Chapter 5: Socialization behavior Definition of Play (early elementary) assumes roles of socialization lifelong social experience by important people, use imagination which people develop their human potential & Game (8+) engages in complex interaction learn culture (learn most from people that are (sports) important to us) Know Piaget’s stages of cognitive personality a person’s fairly consistent development patterns of acting, thinking, & feeling Sensorimotor (infant/toddler) explore world/egocentric Know Rhesus monkeys study Preoperational (preschool6) learning o monkeys raised in isolation didn’t concepts, irrational & egocentric develop normal skills; acute Concrete operational (711) begin to think maladjustment (anxious, passive, logically fearful) when w/ normal monkeys o used artificial mom (wire/cloth) Formal Operational (11+) abstract thinking The Looking Glass Self o showed how important it is for adults we develop our identity by imaging how we to cradle infants affectionately. look to others, draw conclusions about o Recovered after 3 months of isolation, ourselves based on how others react, from but 6 months was irreversible conclusions we develop sense of personal identity. Know what happens to socially isolated Know what the generalized other is children widespread cultural norms & values we use as o All deprived of normal human interaction references in evaluating ourselves Be familiar with the Agents of Socialization o Some restrained physically family 1 major agent; nurture = super o Never fully developed full important; social identity based on race/class; language/social skills gender roles Examples of socially isolated children, especially Genie’s case school gender roles, hidden curriculum Anna w/out social experience, personality Chapter 6: Social Interaction Social interaction definition process by Category individuals who hold the same status which people act & react in relation to others but are otherwise strangers to each other (occupation) Know the difference between a social group 2 or more people who identify & status social position one holds (race, education, gender) interact w/each other o Ascribed (born) vs acheieved Know definitions of primary group small social group whose (learned) role behavior expected of someone w/ particular members share a personal & lasting relationship status (student goes to class, mother takes care of secondary group large & impersonal social group whose members pursue specific household) goal/activity What are the 5 characteristics in Status Characteristics Theory? Know what social identity theory is and it’s key 1. Age concepts ingroup social group towards which a member 2. Race/Ethnicity feels respect & loyalty 3. Gender 4. Education/Occupation outgroup social group which a person feels a 5. Attractiveness sense of competition/opposition What happened in Sherif’s Robber’s Cave What is the Social Construction of Reality? Study? the process by which people creatively shape reality through social interaction Divided boys at a summer camp into 2 groups, separated from each other @ first, & introduced The Thomas Theorem situations defined as competition bw 2 groups. They became very real are real in their consequences; reality is aggressive (ingroup vs outgroup classification) initially “soft” as being shaped, it’s “hard” in then they were told to work together & took its effects. twice as long to make them hostile as it did to Goffman’s Dramaturgical Analysis: What did make them enemies. Kids just as cruel as adults. he liken social interaction to? Know what a social network is and examples of theatrical performance. it. a web of SOCIAL ties; What is the moon illusion? How the moon/sun look much larger on the horizon than in the What are the different styles of group sky; size perception leadership? Authoritarian (bossy) focuses on instrumental In the video of the basketball players, how does our perception trick us? concerns, takes personal charge of decision In general, what are some of the issues with making, demands groups obey orders; good for human perception? CRISIS situations; usually not liked democratic (put to vote) more expressive, Some skills are further advanced, others suffer includes everyone in decision making; more (eye sight, smell, taste, brain power); human perception is flawed, we forget/overlook a lot liked by group; good when opinion of group of what’s going on, can’t always trust it, matters; bad for emergencies or when group members shouldn’t contribute affects many areas of life (justice system, Laissezfaire allows group to function more or relationships, teacher evaluations of students) less on its on; hands off; bad when group needs Chapter 7: Groups and Organizations direction; good when team of people are good on their own Know differences between Know differences between Crowd loosely formed collection of people (concert) conformity doing what other people do obedience one person yielding to the requests of others groupthink people strive for consensus within a group What is the bystander effect? when individuals don’t offer help to a victim in an emergency situation when other bystanders are present.
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