exam 3 study guide
exam 3 study guide Sociology 201
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Sullivan on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Sociology 201 at Clemson University taught by Jennifer Triplett in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 02/15/16
Review Sheet o Prostitution selling of sexual services SOC 2100 Introduction to Sociology o Rape/Date Rape Section 08 Exam #3 Chapter 9: Deviance and Crime Difference between deviance vs. crime It is recommended that you study Quiz 3 as well as read the chapters and Deviance recognized violation of cultural norms supplemental readings the exam will Crime violation of society’s formally enacted cover. criminal law rd The 3 Exam will cover chapters 810, 13, What is social control attempts by society to 14, and 18. regulate people’s thoughts & behavior The test will consist of the following: what is its purpose Matching, Multiple Choice, and Is deviance biological, sociological, or True/False. psychological? A little bit of all of those. (bio genetic disposition towards deviant behavior, psych You should know the following things from each personality patterns have some connection to of the lectures: deviance, soc deviance is socially defined ^ varies from culture to culture/can be learned) Stigma powerfully negative label that greatly Chapter 8: Sexuality and Society changes a person’s selfconcept & social identity Definition sex biological distinction bw females problems with stigmatizing operates as master & males status, based on behavior, can remain after Gender element of culture & refers to personal behavior has disappeared traits & patterns of behavior. Durkheim’s perspective on deviance What aspect of sexuality does not vary It is NECESSARY in society, affirms cultural culturally? Incest taboo (norm forbidding sexual values & norms & clarifies moral boundaries, ect. relations/marriage bw relatives) How has sexuality in American culture changed Labeling Theory idea that deviance & over time? Sexual Revolution, Sexual conformity result not so much from what people Counterrevolution, Premarital Sex, do as from how others respond to those actions. What is primary deviation individual violates Definitions of: sexual orientation a person’s romantic & a norm but doesn’t internalize the deviant label emotional attraction to another person secondary deviance internalization of a deviant Heterosexuality being attracted to the same sex label & assumption of a deviant role Homosexuality being attracted to the opposite What is White Collar Crime crime committed sex by people of high social position in the course of Homophobia discomfort over close personal their occupations o what characteristics do those who interaction w/ people thought to be gay, lesbo, bi Biological versus cultural origins of commit it tend to possess: homosexuality How does the US compare to the world with no studies found link bw social/environmental regards to crime? Rated high crime rate by global standards, & homosexuality Know basic facts and definitions concerning What are the justifications for punishment? sexual problems in the United States 1. Retribution society’s revenge for moral o Teen Pregnancy wrong 2. Deterrence pain of punishment greater than o Pornography sexually explicit material intended to cause sexual arousal pleasure of the crime 3. Rehabilitation reform the offender instead Half the world lives on less than how much $ per of just punishing, crime result of day? social/personal problems How many people die each year globally from 4. Societal Protection keep people off streets hunger related diseases? 40 million if reformation is impossible How much of the world’s population do the richest countries in the world have? 15% What tends to happen to fertility levels as countries get richer? DECREASE What is the relationship between gender and Chapter 10: Social and Global Stratification stratification globally? Women feel poverty What is Social Stratification system by which more, society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy What aspects of health and wellbeing are What are some common stratification system? affected by global stratification? What are the differences between class system social stratification based on birth Chapter 13: Gender Stratification & individual achievement Definitions: caste system social stratification based on birth Gender personal traits & social positions that What is Cultural Capital (long lasting members of society attach to being female/male dispositions of the mind & body) who coined the Gender Stratification unequal distribution of term (Bourdieu) and how does it impact wealth, power & privilege bw men & women stratification? The more CC one has, the more legitimacy one holds among those in culture What a Gender Role (attitudes/activities that a society links to each sex) is and which gender is What is Socioeconomic Status composite punished more for breaches of them (more boys ranking based on various dimensions of social than girls) inequality What Patriarchy (form of social organization what are it’s components: income, wealth, which males dominate females) means and what power, prestige. is a Matriarchy? (social organization which How is the federal poverty line calculated? females dominate males) Some examples? based on what is considered to be the min What is sexism Belief that one sex is innately amount of $ required for living @ substantial superior to the other level. Areas of social life where sexism is found What is the difference between (family, religion, education, etc.) absolute (poverty exists when there is classroom/curriculum deprivation of resources that is lifethreatening) institutional sexism women concentrated in and relative poverty (poverty exists when low paying jobs people can afford basic necessities but unable to Pink Collar Occupations about 75% are filled maintain an avg standard of living) by women (what are they?) How do regions of the United States compare regarding median income? Clerical work: secretaries, typists, childcare.. Glass Ceiling advancement of qualified person What % of Americans are living in some state of is stopped @ a lower level bc of some form of poverty? discrimination What is the association between race and income Sexual Harassment comments, gestures, in the US? physical contacts of sexual nature that are What is Global Stratification patterns of social deliberate/repeated/unwelcome (what are they?) inequality in the world as a whole) Numerical minority (virtually everywhere, what are the World Bank Classifications? (llow: redheads/Africanamercians/wealthy) versus GNI < 765, med: 766 < GNI < 9385, High 9385 commonuse of word ‘minority’ (any category < GNI) of people distinguished by physical, cultural difference that a society sets apart & Areas of social life that discrimination is subordinates) found in (housing: (fair housing act 1968, Feminists—what do they believe? education: the bell curve, miliken v Bradley, opposition to all forms of stratification based white flight) on gender, belief that biology doesn’t consign women to inferior status, sense of common Chapter 18: Families experience & purpose among women. Definitions: Family social institution found in all societies Chapter 14: Race and Ethnicity Race (biological) socially constructed that unites people in cooperative groups to care for one another category of people who share biologically Kinship social bond based on common transmitted traits that members of a society ancestry, marriage, or adoption consider important. (social) members of society decide that some Marriage legal relationship, usually involving economic cooperation as well as physical trait actually matters sexual activity & childbearing What percent of human genetic material is Extended Family: parents & kids/other kin; identical and how much is different among people 6% is different common in preindustrial Nuclear Families: 1 or 2 parents & kids; Definition of ethnicity shared cultural common in industrialized society, stereotype heritage of US family Definitions of prejudice (rigid/unfair generalization about an entire category of What’s the difference between monogamy (marriage that unites 2 people; allowed in people) higher income countries) and polygamy stereotypes exaggerated description applied to every person in some category (marriage that unites someone w/ 2 or more discrimination – unequal treatment of various spouses; lower income countries?) What is unique about the Toda people? categories of people Historically practiced fraternal polyandry Know the theories of prejudice Scapegoat prejudice springs from frustration What is the difference between endogamy and exogamy, and what cultures are characterized among people who are themselves by these terms? disadvantaged Theoretical perspectives on family Conflict: basic source of prejudice & 1. Structuralfunctionalism “backbone of discrimination is competition among racial & society” ethnic groups for scarce resources 2. SocialConflict family perpetuates social Authoritarian Personality: people w/ strong inequality prejudice of 1 minority usually have some 3. SymbolicInteractionism family builds prejudice w/ all minorities emotional bonds culture Theory although extreme prejudice What are the stages of family life? is found in some people, some prejudice is Courtship, marriage, childrearing, empty found in everyone nest Types of discrimination and what they consist What is our divorce rate and why is it high? of (personal: attacks on minority group we have the highest divorce rate, members, from social slights to insults to individualism is on the rise, romantic love murder, legal: minorities are denied lawful fades, women less dependent on men, today’s access to public institutions, jobs, housing, & marriages are stressful, divorce = socially socal rewards, and institutional: bias built acceptable, easier to get into the operation of society’s institutions) What are some of the consequences of divorce for families? Tears apart families, cost a lot of money, can ruin kids make them unstable emotionally/psychologically, blame themselves, distance them from love.. What is the definition of family violence emotional, physical, sexual abuse of one family member by another What counts as abuse? What kind of people are more likely to be abusers? Abused children What are some examples of common alternative family structures in the US? singleparent households, adoptive families, cohabitation, biracial families, gay/lesbo couples
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