EXAM 1 fake exam
Popular in Behavioral Neuroscience
Popular in Department
This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Dylan Heimlich on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYCH 3313 at Ohio State University taught by Dr. Supe in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views.
Reviews for EXAM 1 fake exam
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/15/16
Behavioral neuro exam 1 study guide 1. A person is having trouble forming new memories following an automobile accident. What brain structure has damaged most likely occurred in? A) occipital B) hippocampus C) amydgala D) corpus callosum 2. What part of the hindbrain is associated with balance and coordination? A) cerebellum B) occipital lobe C) pons D) brain stem 3. Parkinson’s disease affects movement in which area of the brain? a) thalamus b) pons c) substantia nigra d) hypothalamus 4. The sodium-potassium pump moves sodium __________ of the cell. a) inside b) outside c) neither in or out 5. The sodium-potassium pump moves potassium ___________ of the cell. A) inside B) outside C) neither in or out 6. During resting potential, a cell’s cytoplasm is ___________ relative to the outside. a) positive b) negative c) neutral 7. At peak action potential, cell’s cytoplasm is _________ relative to the outside. a) positive b) negative c) neutral 8. A large molecule requires energy to cross the neuronal membrane, which is the most likely method of crossing? a) ion channel b) neurofillament c) ion pump d) glial ferry 9. What is the biggest advantage of EEG? a) high temporal resolution (fast) b) low temporal resolution (slow) c) high spatial resolution (easy to localize) d) radioactive labels 10. Which is the accurate anatomical position of the elbow? a) Medial to the heart b) Distal from the feet c) Proximal from the head d) Lateral to the body 11. What are the main staining techniques used in neuroimaging? - Golgi = “black reaction,” darkly stains full neuron - Nissl = purple, stains nucleus, populations of cell bodies - Myelin = stains fatty myelin sheath, dark = axon, fiber tracts, light= cell bodies and dendrites 12. What does the CT scan (computed tomography) do? a) a full body scan b) bone scan c) multiple x rays from different angles to construct 3D image d) brain scan 13. What are the effects of a DTI (diffusion tensor imaging) scan? a) detects cell diffusion b) deep muscle scans c) detects directional movements of water molecules to image nerve pathways d) all the above 14. What are the two main components of the autonomic nervous system and the effects? a) afferent and efferent – relay sensory information and act on motor commands b) afferent and efferent – brings blood to the brain and pumps oxygen as well c) evolved and unevolved – produces hormones and other genetic qualities d) afferent and efferent – both produce hormones 15. What is the role of the parasympathetic nervous system? a) fight or flight b) emotional responses to stimuli c) hormonal release d) rest and energy storage 16. What is the role of the sympathetic nervous system? a) diffuses emotions b) coordinates arousal (fight or flight) c) rest and energy storage d) helps immune responses 17. What is the job of the cerebellum? a) eyesight b) regulating emotions c) speed, intensity, direction and movement (balance) d) future predicting 18. What is the reticular formation responsible for? a) forming new memories b) auditory comprehension c) stimulating forebrain and regulating asleep and awake behavior d) deciphering visionary cues 19. What are the two segments of the midbrain and what are their functions? - Tectum (roof): superior/inferior colliculi helps guide eye movement and function of gaze as well as locate sounds - Tegmentum (floor): eye and limb movement as well as perception of pain 20. What is the name of the part of the brain that contains the thalamus and hypothalamus? a) forebrain b) midbrain c) hindbrain d) brain brain 21. What is the role of the thalamus? a) retrieving long term memories b) processing sensory info, “switchboard” of the brain c) keeping attention focused on certain tasks d) storing memories in the long term storage 22. What is the role of the hypothalamus? a) responsible for maintain homeostasis b) controls smell c) working memory storage d) pain reception 23. Who is responsible for the feelings of excitement, fear and arousal? a) pons b) corpus callosum c) hippocampus d) amygdala 24. What are the valleys and peaks of the brain called? a) hills and crests b) ups and downs c) highs and lows d) gyri and sulci 25. Where is the primary somatosensory cortex located in the brain? a) frontal lobe b) occipital lobe c) temporal lobe d) parietal lobe 26. What is the difference between the ion pump and ion channel? a) the channel allows ions to pass while as the pump move the ions across b) the pump allows ions to pass and the channel opens the door c) the channel and pump are one thing 27. What glial cell is star like and responsible for the blood brain barrier? a) microglial b) astrocyte c) schwann 28. What major glial cell is in the PNS and responsible for myelination of axons? a) microglial b) schwann c) oligodendrite 29. What is the resting potential of the inside of a membrane? a) -70mv b) 70mv c) 69mv 30. What if a calcium channel opens? a) the inside becomes much more positive b) the inside becomes much more negative c) there is no effect 31. What increases negative electrical charge and is usually due to the inward flow of CL ions or outward flow of K ions? a) Hyperpolarization (inhibitory) b) Depolarization (excitatory) c) unipolarization d) bipolarization 32. What are the junctions where neurotransmitters are released? a) chemical synapse b) messenger zone c) neurotransmitter site 33. What are the differences between type 1 and type 2 synapses? a) No difference b) Type 1 are close to the dendrite and excitatory while as type 2 are close to the body and inhibitory c) Type 1 releases neurotransmitters while as type 2 receives them 34. Where does the synthesis of a neurotransmitter occur? a) in the synapse b) within the nucleus of the cell c) in the axon terminal 35. How are neurotransmitters released? a) action potentials open voltage gated ion channels b) magic c) specialized cells do it 36. What type of NT receptor is classified as directly opening ion channels and is fast and short? a) metabotropic b) chemotrophic c) ionotrophic 37. Where are you most likely to find inhibitory synapse making contact with a neuron? a) distil end of dendrite b) cell body or near axon c) node of ranvier 38. What neurotransmitter has association with alzheimer’s? a) norepinephrine b) ACH c) Dopamine 39. What L-Dopa and tyrosine? a) neurotransmitters b) chemical messengers c) catecholamines 40. Which neurotransmitter is associated with the substantia nigra, ventral tagmental and also contributes to movement control? a) L-dopa b) GABA c) Dopamine 41. What are the roles of endorphins? a) produce puberty hormones b) reduce pain and enhance reinforcement c) help you sleep 42. Difference between agonist and antagonist: - Agonist = mimics or enhances effects of a NT, Active receptor, blocks reuptake - Antagonist = blocks or decreases effects of NT, blocks without activating and reduces release or prodection Answers: 1b, 2a, 3c, 4a, 5b, 6b, 7a, 8a, 9a, 10d, 12c, 13c, 14a, 15d, 16b, 17c, 18c, 20a, 21b, 22a, 23d, 24d, 25d. 26a, 27b, 28b, 29a, 30a, 31a, 32a, 33b, 34c, 35a, 36c, 37b, 38b, 39c, 40c, 41b, 42
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'