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Hist 1310

by: Shakayla Vaughn

Hist 1310 HIST 1310

Shakayla Vaughn
Texas State

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First test study guide
HIST 1310.253
Dr. Shannon Duffy
Study Guide
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Shakayla Vaughn on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1310 at Texas State University taught by Dr. Shannon Duffy in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Short ID’s 1. “Fat Pennsylvania”: Time period & where? 1681, Penn. Who/What? 2  Utopian  nd colony, Best poor man’s country. Good land, soil, and crops. Significance? Sits on  ground, Treaty Elm. Many people from different places come in.  2. “Rogues Island”: Time period & where? 17  Century (1636), Who/What? Founded  by Roger Williams after he was banned from the Massachusetts Bay colony for his  religious views. People could freely express their religion. Revolutionary war.  Significance? People wouldn’t be criticized for their beliefs.  3. Albany Conference: Albany congress. Time period & where? Took place in 1754 in  Albany, New York. What? Conference called by British officials to Improve relations  between American colonies and the Iroquois confederation Significant? Marked the first  official attempts to develop inter­colonial cooperation among the American colonies. 4. Andros Overthrow: Time period & where? 1689 Who/What? Governor of New  York, people were mad about the amount of power he had and the things he was  changing. Significance? Rebelling colonies, back to the way things were ran.  5. Atlantic Slave Trade: Time period & where? 18  Century, across the Atlantic  (Africans to America). Who/What? Transporting and selling slaves to the new world.  Significance? A Vital part in world commerce. Slaves produced the first mass consumer  goods. (Sugar, rice, tobacco, coffee) rising demand for goods = rising growth in slaves. th 6. Back Country: Time period & where? Mid­18  Century, Who/What? The area  stretching from central Pennsylvania southward through the Shenandoah valley of  Virginia and into upland north and South Carolina.  Significance? Better land, soil and  transportation.  7. Bacon’s Rebellion: Time period & where? 1676, Virginia. Who/What? An armed  rebellion led by Nathaniel Bacon against the rule of Governor William Berkeley.   Significance? First rebellion of the American colonies, new political style for the poorer  neighbors, and reduced taxes with open land.  8. Boston Massacre: Time period & where? 1768, Boston. Who/What? A riot following  the British seizure of the ship liberty for violating trade regulations. Colonist vs. British  soldiers. Snow Ball. Significance? Ended the relationship between the British and  America.  9. Boston Tea Party: Time period & where? Dec. 16, 1773, Boston Harbor. Who/What? Colonists disguised as Indians boarded the ships and threw more than 300 chest of tea  into the water. (taxed tea) Significance? Showed that Colonist would do what it took to  defend their freedom.  10. Caribbean Slave System: Time period & where? 19  century, Who/What?  Significance? The hardest labor could be done byy the slaves. (Sugar, Tobacco)  11. Coercive Acts: Time period & where? 1774, England Who/What? Laws relating to  Britain’s colonies. Direct responses to the Boston Tea Party. (Intolerable acts)   Significance? A wake up call for the colonies and closing of the Boston harbor.  12. Columbus’ Voyages: Time period & where? 1492, 15  century, Old world to new  world. Who/What? A voyage across the world from the old world to the new world.  Significance? Cause the exploration between the worlds. Trade, better life, land. 13. Consumer Revolution: Time period & where? 1600­1750, England. Who/What? A  marked increase in the consumption and variety of “Luxury” goods and products by  individuals from different economic and social backgrounds. Significance? Every family could live a luxurious life.  th 14. Coode’s Rebellion: Time period & where? 17  century (1689­1691), Maryland.  Who/What? “Protestant reformation” Coode and an army of 700 forced the council to  surrender. Revolt against catholic lord Baltimore. Significance? Revocation of the  Calvert’s Charter. Catholics forbidden to hold office. 15. Declaratory Act: Time period & where? 1766, England. Who/What? An act of the  parliament of Great Britain. Accompanied the repeal of the stamp act. Significance?  Calmed down the embarrassment of the stamp act.  16. Dominion of New England: Time period & where? 1686­1689, England. Who/What?  Consolidation into a single colony of the New England colonies by Governor Edmund  Andros in 1686. ­ reverted to individual colonial gov’ts 3 years later. Significance?  Rights is restored to the people.  17. English Civil War: Time period & where? 1642­1651, England. Who/What? A  conflict between Charles I and parliament over an Irish insurrection because Charles  raised royal standards in Nottingham. Significance? Limited monarchy,  th 18. English Reformation: Time period & where? 16  century (1534), England.  Who/What? Church of England broke away from the authority of the pope and the  Roman Catholic Church. Started by king henry VIII Significance? Removal of political  power from the hands of clergy.  19. French & Indian War: Time period & where? 1755­1763, England. Who/What?  Seven year war. Last of four colonial wars fought between England and France for  control of North America east of the Mississippi river.  Significance? Help bring on the  American Revolution. Everyone was friendlier.  20. Galloway, Grace Growden: Time period & where? 18  Century, Philadelphia.  Who/What? Wife of Joseph Galloway, daughter of Lawrence Growdon. Carried out of  house, died before end of revolutionary war homeless and without family. Husband was a loyalists and a civil war leader. Significance? All her belongings were taken away even  though she did nothing wrong.  21. Glorious Revolution: Time period & where? 1688, England Who/What? Established  parliamentary supremacy and secured the protestant succession to the throne. (Overthrew  king James II of England) Significance? The overthrow of an Absolute Monarchy in  England and the establishment if a Constitutional Monarchy. (Freedom and  Protestantism) 22. Great Migration: Time period & where? 1620’s­40’s from England to Massachusetts.  Who/What? Puritans left England to escape from religious persecution, economic  betterment, and the future of England. (better Living) Significance? Expanded territory  boundaries and expanded their puritan faith to America.  23. Howe Occupation of Philadelphia: Time period & where? Who/What?  Significance? 24. Hutchinson, Anne: Time period & where? 1591­1643 Who/What? A puritan, took  part in Massachusetts Bay colony (also expelled). Significance? A strong symbol for  both religion and women.  25. Indentured Servants: Time period & where? 18  century, British colonies in North  America.  Who/What? People paid for their passage to the new world by working for a  certain number of years (4­7). Significance? Built the economy because they were  willing to work for the wages & they were precursors to African slaves. Or Expansion  and economic purposes.   26. Jamestown: Time period & where? 1607, Virginia. Who/What? First permanent  English settlement in the New World. Significance? First settlements and also discovered tobacco.  27. King Phillip’s War: Time period & where? 1675, Southern New England.   Who/What? “First Indian war”. An Indian alliance launched attacks on farms and  settlements that were encroaching on Indian lands.  Significance? Produced a broadening of freedom for white Englanders by expanding their access to land.  28. Leisler’s Rebellion: Time period & where? 1689­1691. 17  century, New York.  Who/What? Leisler gained control of the colony’s south after Glorious revolution across the south. Significance? Established resentment against British domination and increased tension between colonists and the British.  29. Loyalists: Time period & where? 18  Century.  Who/What? Colonists who remained  loyal to Great Britain during the war of Independence. Significance? They showed their  trust and support for independence and for Britain.  th th 30. Mercantilism: Time period & where? 16 ­188  centuries, Europe, National  Who/What? States that the government should regulate economic activity so as to  promote national power. (Profitable trading) Significance? The government’s  intervention on the economy, Stable market, and skilled labor. 31. Meschianza: Time period & where? 177­1778 Who/What? An extravaganza that  included a regatta, a procession of medieval knights, and a jousting tournament.  Significance? A form of games played during balls and parties.  th 32. New France: Time period & where? 16  century, North America. Who/What? Area  colonized by France during a period of exploring the saint Lawrence River.  Significance? Built more trade routes and more people begin to settle there.  33. New Netherlands: Time period & where? 1624­1664, New York City. Who/What?  A colony founded by the Dutch on the east coast of North America. Significance?  34. New Spain: Time period & where? 1521, north and Central America. Who/What?  Aztec city, Tenochtitlan, was defeated ending the civilization of Aztecs. Significance?  They were no longer under their rule.  35. Ninety­Five Theses: Time period & where? 1517 in Wittenberg, Germany.  Who/What? Martin Luther (German Priest) accusing the church of worldliness and  corruption. Significance? Led to the rise of new protestant churches independent of  Rome, and put Europe into a religious and political strife.  36. Nonimportation: Time period & where? 1768, Boston. Who/What? Boycott of  English goods to Britain.  Significance? Substitutions had to be made to replace needed  goods.  37. Penn’s Sylvania 38. Philadelphia Quakers: Time period & where? 18  Century, Philadelphia.  Who/What? Religious people, could not take part in war because it furthered violence.  Faced violence, imprisonment, and exile for not giving rebellion support.  Significance?  They accepted everyone for who they were. 39. Proclamation Of 1763: Time period & where? 1763, London. Who/What? Prohibited  further colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains. Those who already settled were ordered to return east of the mountains. Significance? Colonist became more  independent. (Indian relations) th 40. Protestant Reformation: Time period & where? 16  century, Europe, Germany.  Who/What? Religious, political, cultural, and intellectual upheaval that splintered  catholic Europe. (Change structures and beliefs of Catholic Church).  Significance?  Freedom of Christian faith and practices.  41. Puritans: Time period & where? Arose in 16  century, emerged in 17  Century, New  England Who/What? Puritanism came to define a set of religious principles and a view  of how society should be organized. They believed that people should read the bible for  themselves. Significance? Their Methods and beliefs are still used today. Ex: Schools,  Two parents for children, etc.  42. Quaker Invasion of Massachusetts: Time period & where? 1656­1661,  Massachusetts. Who/What? Quakers fought for religious freedom in Puritan  Massachusetts. Significance? Quakers were willing to stand for what they believed in.  43. Reconquista: Time period & where? 1492, Iberian Peninsula. Who/What? The  “Reconquest” of Spain from the Moors (African Muslims). Significance? Muslims and  Jews were ordered to convert to Catholicism or leave the country. Iberian was back under catholic control.  44. Restoration Of 1600: Time period & where? 1600, England. Who/What? General  George Monck met with Charles and arranged to restore him in exchange for a promise  of amnesty and religious toleration for his former enemies Significance? Charles was  proclaimed by King Charles II of England.  45. Roanoke: Time period & where? 1587­90, Virginia. Who/What? First English colony  explored this territory. Significance? Safe haven thr African American slaves.  46. Salutary Neglect: Time period & where? 18  century, Europe. Who/What? Relax  strict regulations (trade laws) imposed by the American colonies. Significance? Led the  United States to become a powerful, independent nation. 47. Spectral Evidence at Salem: Time period & where? Salem Massachusetts, 1692.  Who/What? Witness testimony that the accused spirit was in the witness dream when  the accused was physically in another place. (eyewitness testimony) Significance? 20  killed, over 100 accused.  48. Stamp Act: Time period & where? 1765 Boston, Massachusetts, repealed in 1766  Who/What? Act from British parliament that exacted revenue from the American  colonies by imposing a stamp duty on newspapers and legal and commercial documents.  Most colonist felt it violated their liberty. The power of tax stamps to buy paper.  Response to the seven years’ war. Significance? Allowed colonist to get organized in  opposition groups.  49. Townshend Duties: Time period & where? Britain, 1767. Who/What? “Revenue act”  Imposed direct revenue duties. (Put money into the British treasury.) Taxed glass, paper,  and tea going into Anglo­American colonies. Significance? Reignited anger between the  colonies and England.  50. Treaty of Paris, 1763: Time period & where? september1763, Paris Who/What?  Ended the seven year French and Indian war between Great Britain and France.  Significance? Ended a war and fighting was over.  Essay II. Salem:   Most famous case in mass hysteria  Used in literature, (political rhetoric and popular literature).  Dangers of false accusations, religious extremism, local government intrusion on  individual liberties.   Split between the towns and villages  20 killed, 100 or more accused  Maybe started from slave stories, Tituba, to young girls, they wanted attention.  Fear of the unknown  Church was witnessing weird situations.    Hearing and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft.  People were being accused and executed 30 years before Salem witch trails.   A lot of people were being accused so there was already a stable situation for the  accusers to go off of.  III. American Revolution: 1765­1775  Timeline: The French and Indian war 1754­63, Stamp act, Townshend act, Boston  massacre, Boston Tea party, Common sense, Declaration of Independence.  British taxing imported goods caused a rage in the Americans. They believed that  since the taxes were not passed in their own colonial government, but in England by  parliament, they should not have to pay the taxes. They claimed that the tax on good violated their rights as British citizens.  A boycott on British goods started.   Stamp act led to the American revolution  British funded national dept. the government used postwar tax revenues to pay  interest on dept.   Americans had the right to control their own “Property”   Slavery was accepted as normal to white Americans but it soon begin to decline  starting in states north of Delaware.  Slave population dramatically dropped in  states where tobacco production no longer demanded large numbers of slaves.   Biggest achievement: A rise of the free black population. Racism was still intact and  the lower south was against the idea of freeing slaves.   Woman received more freedom. Gender equality.   Political and social, not too much economically.   Ratification of the AOC  Woman could work outside of home, productivity advanced which came with a  higher need for workers and work hours.  Population shift from rural to urban  (Jobs), more money so a larger demand for products.   Positive: improved daily lives, Transportation and technology: canals, highways,  turnpikes, connected us with society. Also Jobs.   Negative: Environmental damage: how resources should be used resulted in air  pollution from factories to soil and rivers. Exploitation: Pay rate for jobs, job training,  no one cared if you died (Health insurance). Also, Political corruption.  Philadelphia was the central focus for enforcing nonimportation (protest with  boycotts).  Since they were big in the trade industry, they  


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