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Anatomical Kinesiology Study Guide Exam 1

by: Alexa_Nelson

Anatomical Kinesiology Study Guide Exam 1 10603

Marketplace > Texas Christian University > PHIL-Philosophy > 10603 > Anatomical Kinesiology Study Guide Exam 1
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Comprehensive study guide for our first exam.
Anatomical Kinesiology
Dr. Mitchell
Study Guide
Anatomical, Kinesiology
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alexa_Nelson on Monday February 15, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 10603 at Texas Christian University taught by Dr. Mitchell in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 80 views. For similar materials see Anatomical Kinesiology in PHIL-Philosophy at Texas Christian University.


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Date Created: 02/15/16
Anatomical Kinesiology Study Guide: Test 1 Chapters 1, 2, 3, 5, 9 1. Define  Microscopic Anatomy  Cytology  Histology  Gross/Macroscopic Anatomy  Surface Anatomy  Regional Anatomy  Systemic Anatomy  Developmental Anatomy  Embryology  Comparative Anatomy  Clinical Anatomy  Surgical Anatomy  Radiographic Anatomy  Cross-sectional Anatomy 2. What is the composition of the body at the chemical level? 3. What is the molecular composition of the body? 4. Describe and give examples of each of the levels of organization. 5. Define and describe each of the organ systems of the body:  Integumentary  Skeletal  Muscular  Nervous  Endocrine  Cardiovascular  Lymphatic  Digestive  Urinary  Reproductive 6. What is the anatomical position? 7. Refresh yourself on the anatomical landmarks of the body in figures 1.6, 1.8, 1.9, 1.10, 1.11 and Table 1.1 8. What are anatomical regions? 9. Anatomical Positions:  Anterior/Posterior  Lateral/Medial  Proximal/Distal  Superficial/Deep  Cranial/Caudal 10. Identify the three sectional planes of the body and describe them. 11. Define Midsagittal and Parasagittal. 12. Identify the functions of the cell membrane and describe them. 13. Explain the behavior of a phospholipid placed in aqueous solution. 14. What is the position of the phospholipid in the cell membrane? 15. Which part of the phospholipid bilayer is hydrophilic? Hyrdrophobic? 16. What does amphipathic mean? 17. Explain the fluid mosaic model. 18. Describe in detail the structure function relationship of the cell membrane. HINT: talk about Na+, protection of the cell, transport and recognition. 19. What are the differences between simple diffusion and osmosis? 20. Define and describe passive transport. 21. Explain the process of crenation of a cell. 22. What is essential for facilitated diffusion to occur? 23. Describe the negative feedback concept of facilitated diffusion. 24. Explain the process of facilitated diffusion in steps. 25. What steps of facilitated diffusion are chemical messaging and which ones are the actual transport process? 26. What is absolutely necessary for active transport to occur? 27. Compare and contrast primary and secondary active transport. 28. Differentiate between Symport and anti-port. 29. Describe Endocytosis, Phagocytosis, Pinocytosis, and Exocytosis 30. What organelles are all relate to protein synthesis? 31. Describe all of the functions of proteins. 32. How does the nucleus regulate protein synthesis? 33. What are ribosomes? Where are free and bound ribosomes located? 34. Explain the Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi apparatus and the Mitochondria. 35. Draw and explain the cycles of glycolysis, Krebs cycle, ETC and oxidative phosphorylation. 36. What is the output of ATP from glycolysis? Krebs cycle? ETC and oxidative phosphorylation? 37. Which cycles are anaerobic? Aerobic? 38. Explain the structure function relationship of the mitochondria’s inner folds. 39. What are the four types of tissue? 40. Identify and describe the types of Epithelial tissue. 41. What are the three types of connective tissue and their subtypes? 42. What are the three types of cartilage and where are they found? 43. Identify and define the types of bone. 44. What are all the functions of bone? 45. Define the parts of the bone. (reference the text book for specific drawings of bone) 46. What is spongy bone? What is it also referred to as? 47. In dense bone, what are lamellae? 48. Define the term concentric. 49. What are lacunas? 50. While cartilage is avascular, what is bone? 51. What are the bone cell types and what do they do? 52. Explain deposition vs. resorbption and apply it to Wolff’s Law. 53. What are the risk factors associated with osteoporosis? 54. What are the signs of osteoporosis? 55. Describe the female athlete triad. Drawing a picture might help. 56. Explain the process of Endochondral Ossification. 57. Fill in the chart below: Muscle Tissue: Structure: Activation: Skeletal Cardiac Smooth 58. Describe and draw the breakdown of the structure of a muscle. 59. Define:  Fasciculus  Perimyseum  Endomyseum  Sarcolemma  Myocyte  Myofibrils  Myofilaments  A-band  H-zone  I-band  Z-line 60. Describe the coloration of the bands of muscle. 61. During contraction, what happens to the A-band? H-zone? I-band? 62. List the steps of Excitation Contraction Coupling. 63. What is the sliding filament theory? 64. Define cross-bridge cycling? 65. Types of muscle contraction: Fill in the chart Types Resistance Speed of Movement Isotonic Isometric Isokinetic 66. What is the difference between concentric and eccentric movements? 67. Define Agonist and Antagonist. 68.What is a synergist? 69. What makes up a motor unit? 70.What does EMG stand for? What does it measure? 71.What is srEMG? How does it differ from a regular EMG?


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