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MSU / Criminology and Criminal Justice / CRJU 3343 / What are the biological differences between male and female?

What are the biological differences between male and female?

What are the biological differences between male and female?

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Exam 1 Study Guide


What are the biological differences between male and female?



∙ What is Gender?

o Sex vs Gender

 Sex refers to the biological differences between males and females  Gender refers to the traits or behaviors that are linked to one’s sex o Gender Display

 How a gender is presented, such as how they are dressed

o Gendered Process

 The ways of learning behavior that is appropriate for specific genders o Hegemonic Masculinity

 The idea that in social positions, men are superior

o Gender Binary

 How people or objects are divided and categorized as either masculine or  feminine We also discuss several other topics like How are we affected by selective attention?

o Social Structure

 How society is organized, providing a basis for social behavior

o Emphasized Femininity


How does gender identity develop?



 The idea that women must fulfill the desires of men

∙ Feminist Criminology

o Sexism

 Prejudicial attitude that is based on gender 

o Patriarchy

 A social climate where males are dominant

o Feminism

 The struggle for women’s rights and to put an end to gender inequality o Gender Discrimination

 An example would be women being excluded from juries

o Second Wave of Feminism

 Lasted from the 1960s to the 1990s

 This wave was more focused on sexuality

o Third Wave of Feminism

 Lasted from the 1990s­ We also discuss several other topics like What do positive statements mean?

 This wave focused on ethnicity as well as sexuality

∙ Official Data Sources


What is it called when it's for both genders?



o Uniform Crime Reports

 Only represented crimes that were known to the police

 It collected data on the arrestees’ characteristics 

 The types of crimes that were observed were part one offenses (index  crimes) and part 2 offenses

 Data was collected monthly

 Issues would be:

∙The hierarchy rule

∙Not all crimes are reported to the police

o National Crime Victimization Survey

 The data that is collected is information on 6 types of crime

∙Violent

o Rape 

o Assault

∙Theft

o Robbery

o Burglary

o Theft

o Motor vehicle theft

 Limitations would include: We also discuss several other topics like What does a reversible reaction mean?

∙The fact that there is very little information on the victims under the  age of 12

∙The number of crimes

∙Issues that are had with surveying

Exam 1 Study Guide

∙ What is Gender?

o Sex vs Gender

 Sex refers to the biological differences between males and females  Gender refers to the traits or behaviors that are linked to one’s sex o Gender Display

 How a gender is presented, such as how they are dressed

o Gendered Process

 The ways of learning behavior that is appropriate for specific genders o Hegemonic Masculinity

 The idea that in social positions, men are superior

o Gender Binary

 How people or objects are divided and categorized as either masculine or  feminine

o Social Structure

 How society is organized, providing a basis for social behavior

o Emphasized Femininity

 The idea that women must fulfill the desires of men

∙ Feminist Criminology Don't forget about the age old question of Why is voluntary participation important?

o Sexism

 Prejudicial attitude that is based on gender 

o Patriarchy

 A social climate where males are dominant

o Feminism

 The struggle for women’s rights and to put an end to gender inequality o Gender Discrimination

 An example would be women being excluded from juries

o Second Wave of Feminism

 Lasted from the 1960s to the 1990s

 This wave was more focused on sexuality

o Third Wave of Feminism

 Lasted from the 1990s­

 This wave focused on ethnicity as well as sexuality

∙ Official Data Sources

o Uniform Crime Reports

 Only represented crimes that were known to the police

 It collected data on the arrestees’ characteristics 

 The types of crimes that were observed were part one offenses (index  crimes) and part 2 offenses If you want to learn more check out What is centroid formula?
Don't forget about the age old question of How can you, as a manager, encourage and support diversity in your workplace?

 Data was collected monthly

 Issues would be:

∙The hierarchy rule

∙Not all crimes are reported to the police

o National Crime Victimization Survey

 The data that is collected is information on 6 types of crime

∙Violent

o Rape 

o Assault

∙Theft

o Robbery

o Burglary

o Theft

o Motor vehicle theft

 Limitations would include:

∙The fact that there is very little information on the victims under the  age of 12

∙The number of crimes

∙Issues that are had with surveying

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