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TEMPLE / Biology / BIOL 1111 / campbell biology chapter 25

campbell biology chapter 25

campbell biology chapter 25

Description

School: Temple University
Department: Biology
Course: Introduction to Biology
Professor: Balsai
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: Campbell Biology Chapter 25 History of Life on Earth BIO 1111 Introduction Balsai
Cost: 50
Name: Campbell Biology Chapter 25
Description: Condensed notes for Campbell Biology Chapter 25 "History of Life on Earth"
Uploaded: 02/16/2016
2 Pages 154 Views 0 Unlocks
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li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-0}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-3 0}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-1 0}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-4 0}ol.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-3 0}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-4}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-3 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-1}ol.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-4 0}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-4}ol.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-2 0}.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-8}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-4}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-2 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-1 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-8 0}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-7}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-5 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_l66db0cfrkb6-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_3nck7hoxjnsk-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_almbnud8bzgf-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-8 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-7 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-5}.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-3 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-8}.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-6}.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-5}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-5 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-4 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-6 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-0 0}ul.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-0 > li:before{content:"- "}ol.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-8 0}.lst-kix_ktwiwatno4gk-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_alr6jtb09fow-1 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-1}.lst-kix_ifebt2irkea3-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-6,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-0 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-2 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-1 0}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-2,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-6 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-5 0}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-8 > li:before{content:"- "}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_yskm7zepjrxs-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_v05iy7kodcsm-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_jx98s9jrka9e-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-6 0}.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-6}.lst-kix_bsry8tt294f4-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_bsry8tt294f4-3}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-2}.lst-kix_j9etgwu87949-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_j9etgwu87949-8}.lst-kix_dsgckim3iufv-4 > li:before{content:"- "}.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-0}ol.lst-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_rf34qv3rsfb2-2 0}
  1. Describe what a fossil is and what the fossil record tells us
  • Fossils - hardened, preserved traces of organisms from the past
  • Fossil record tells us:
  • What are organism look like
  • History of evolution: incomplete and biased
  1. Habitat bias - organisms that live near sediment are more likely to fossil
  2. Taxonomic bias - some organisms more likely to leave fossil evidence
  3. Temporal bias - recent fossils more common than ancient
  4. Abundance bias - abundant, widespread for long time leave more fossils
  • Relative ages of fossils
  • Order and relative time groups evolved
  • Geological time scale
  1. Discuss age determination of Rocks
  • Radiometric dating - parent to daughter isotopes
  • Young fossil is - carbon dating (short half life)
  • Index / guide fossils - date relative to other layers of rock with known age
  1. Describe the highlights of the geological time scale and the timing of event
  2. Understand how mitochondria and plastids become incorporated in host cells
  • Endosymbiotic theory - mitochondria and plastids formerly small prokaryotes that began living with layer host cells

Support

  • Inner membrane similar to plasma membrane
  • Division similar to plasma membrane
  • Organelles transcribe and translate their own DNA
  • Ribosomes more similar to prokaryotes than eukaryotes
  1. Describe pangea and what it can tell us about Earth’s Floral and faunal history
  • Pangaea - one big supercontinent (permian)
  • Deepened ocean basins
  • Reduced shallow water habitat
  • Colder and drier climate inland
  1. Discuss the history of the Earth including mass extinctions and adaptive radiations

Extinction of Dinosaurs

  • Cretaceous mass extinction
  • ½ all marine species
  • Many terrestrial plants and animals
  • Asteroid impact
  • At least 5 major extinctions during phanerozoic
  1. How does continental drift affect the climate / environment?
  • Can lead to changes in the climate - allopatric speciation / mass extinction
  • Plate tectonics
  • Collide - build mountains        subduct - forms trenches
  1. What are adaptive radiations? Why do they occur?
  • Adaptive radiation - evolution of many diversity adapted species from common ancestor

        Follow

  1. Mass extinctions
  2. Evolution of novel characteristics ( exploit new resources)
  3. Colonization of new regions
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