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MSU / Biological Sciences / BIO 3524 / What is the concept behind fish biology?

What is the concept behind fish biology?

What is the concept behind fish biology?

Description

School: Mississippi State University
Department: Biological Sciences
Course: Biology of Vertebrates
Professor: Tom holder
Term: Spring 2016
Tags: bio vertebrates
Cost: 25
Name: Bio of Vertebrates Notes 02/8-&-10/16
Description: The notes posted are only for Feb. 8 & 10 because we had our first test the 12th.
Uploaded: 02/16/2016
10 Pages 262 Views 1 Unlocks
Reviews


ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2 0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8 0}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0 0}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4 0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6 0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5 0}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6,decimal) ". "}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8,lower-roman) ". "}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7,lower-latin) ". "}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7 0}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7 0}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7 0}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6 0}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-3 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-7 0}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-0 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8 0}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-8 0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-2}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8,lower-roman) ". "}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-6{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-3{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6 0}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5 0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5 0}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1,lower-latin) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8 0}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1 0}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-5}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-4{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-6{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4 0}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-1{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-6 0}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8{list-style-type:none}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-0 0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0 0}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5 0}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-0{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-3{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-4{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-8}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-8{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-7{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-8}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1 0}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-2 0}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1 0}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-0{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_8ncjuzcm3sr7-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-1{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-2{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-3{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_rjo0jlt3jq6m-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-4}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-3 0}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-4{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-5{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-6{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-7{list-style-type:none}ul.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-8{list-style-type:none}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-8}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-6}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-4 0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-4 0}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-2 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-7 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-0 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-4 > li:before{content:"○ "}.lst-kix_3fog9wk4m4im-6 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-3 > li:before{content:"● "}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-1 > li:before{content:"○ "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-0 0}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-6 > li:before{content:"● "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-3 0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3 0}.lst-kix_paj1r3pcw7sa-8 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-1,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3,decimal) ". "}ol.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-3 0}ol.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-2 0}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-7}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-7,lower-latin) ". "}.lst-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_acx2oihcjdjn-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-2 0}.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-5}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-5,lower-roman) ". "}ol.lst-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1.start{counter-reset:lst-ctn-kix_zifwul4xp5mq-1 0}.lst-kix_m32cjajz6sb3-5 > li:before{content:"■ "}.lst-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3 > li:before{content:"" counter(lst-ctn-kix_xf52nhykv5jm-3,decimal) ". "}.lst-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1 > li{counter-increment:lst-ctn-kix_ozhg5yhx7ko0-1}

Exam 2 (start notes)If you want to learn more check out What is meant by symatic recombination?

Comparing and contrasting internal Biology

Characteristics! Be able to compare and contrast species,.. Example: compare fish and amphibians heart

  1. Fish biology
  • Locomotion / movement - lateral undulations of side to side movement
  • Streamlined (most) in body shape
  • Coated with mucus
  • H2O properties - help the fish out, air pockets such body  = buoyancy to some degree
  • Expand minimally energy for fighting gravity
  • Swimbladder - allows fish to swim toward surface(increase in water column)
  • Myomeres - highly packed skeletal muscles at trunk between ribs and vertebral column
  • Provide base and support heps locomotion
  • Integument - the sum and all accessory structures
  • Separate organ within self (lowest vertebral organ)
  • Swim
  • General plan
  • 2 layers - variations of plan too
  1. Epidermis (outlayer) - epithelial tissue for external protection (thinnest of 2 layers)
  2. Dermis (inner thicker layer)
  • Hypodermis (not a layer of skin) adipose tissue
  • Support and sensory receptors
  • Variation in fish
  • Agnathans - have a cuticle
  • Very thick layer of mucus
  • Bad to taste of pray “protection”
  • Abnormal
  • Epidermis is thicker than dermis - due to epidermis being loaded with extra large mucus cells that secretes the cuticle
  • Extra put tissue below the dermis
  • Class chondrichthyes
  • “Normal skin”
  • Epi < dermis
  • Placoid scales - but not found over entire body and face, and gills regions these scales stick out from epi and dermis “teethlike
  • Osteichthyes
  • “Normal  skin”
  • Epi < Dermis
  • Most with scales over body - outside body exhibit
  • Gonard scales - thick, non overlapping, heavy scales
  • Thinner scales - advantage is the lightweight and make efficient swimmers. Overlapping
  • 2 types
  1. Cycloid
  2. Clenoid

When scale emerge they have epidermis and dermis over themDon't forget about the age old question of What is responsible for impulse for execution of movement, conscious/voluntaty movement?
If you want to learn more check out Give an example of a one sided limits.
If you want to learn more check out What is textualism?
We also discuss several other topics like math 140 umd
Don't forget about the age old question of What are the extentions to Mendelian Genetic?

I.e. scales covered by epidermis and dermal tissues

  • 2nd advantage to thin scalest skin = gas exchange not occur in birds, reptiles, or mammals, occurs in amphibians and fish
  • Mucous cells - all have these but not as good as in
  • Class agnatha in fish they are found in dermis vs epidermis in argantha
  • Feeding
  • Earliest fish - most likely filter feeders without jaws or undeveloped jaws. Big mouths for filter feeding
  • Class agnathans - jawless fishes, filter feeders, can be parasites (problem in Great Lakes)
  • Early fish - may have gulped mud, may have been the first jawed fish. Loves to eat in mud
  • Jaws = larger food = more energy intake but trade off is must be a better swimmer to catch large prey
  • Catching pey:
  • Capture - vacuum effect
  • Diet - most are carnivores
  • Fish eat fish, fish eat bugs but some are herbivores
  • Basic vert digestive plan
  • Mouth - annal (opening)
  • Digestion - breaking down of large moe into smaller ones occurs by 2 ways
  1. Chemical - Enzymes that break down of molecules
  • Starch - break glucose bonds
  1. Mechanical - body parts to breakdown molecules
  • Mouth cavity - receiving region
  • jaws , teeth, salivary glands, tongue
  • Esophagus - conducting tube from mouth caily down
  • Not an open tube
  • Lined up muscles - muscles contractions more food
  • Stomach (if present)
  • Developed all to jaws and for storage to get the most out of food
  • Temporary storage sac to increase digestion both mechanical and chemical... mostly chemical
  • Enzymes are pumped into stomach such as HCL to aid breakdown food
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