WMST 1110 test 1 study guide
WMST 1110 test 1 study guide WMST 1110
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kay Patel on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to WMST 1110 at University of Georgia taught by Nichole Ray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 55 views.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Important terms, concepts and dates: Feminism: A belief that women and men are of equal worth. Because most of the societies privilege men as a group, social movements are necessary to achieve equality between women and men, with the understanding that gender always intersects with other social hierarchies Women’s Studies: born out of conviction that women are worth studying about Academic arm of the feminist movement: 1960s/70s Women were organizing for issues surrounding gender equality; were working for social equality Entering higher education institution aka cultural change Feminist pedagogy: assumptions were made about women studies, classes, and programs 19th Amendment, 1920: Women’s right to vote First wave of feminism Women's Studies Intersectionality/matrix of domination framework Rcg together impact all experiences of human life Intersectionality: understanding how rcg operate together to impact all experiences of the human life Matrix of domination sees social structure as having multiple, interlocking levels of domination that stem from the societal configuration of race, class, and gender relations Emphasis on the social structure Studying the interconnections among race, class, and gender within a context of social structure helps us understand how race, class, and gender are manifested differently Matrix of domination approach to race, class, and gender studies is historically grounded Multiculturalism/Difference framework Encourages comparative thinking Difference Framework: focuses on unique group experiences Individuals are encourages to compare their experiences with those supposedly unique them Encourages comparative thinking, which tends to assume that rcg constitute separate and independent components of human experience that can be compared for their similarities and differences Comparative thinking can foster greater understanding and tolerance, but it can also leave intact the power relations that create rcg relations Additive approach: reflected in terms of double and triple jeopardy Produces hierarchy of difference that ironically reinstalls those who are additively privileged at the top while relegating those who are additively oppressed to the bottom Seeing rcg only in this term misses the social structural connections among them and the particular ways in which different configurations of rcg affect group experiences This form of recognizing difference can erase the workings of power just as effectively as diversity initiatives Meritocracy: success is a function of hardwork, determination etc… Connected to privilege Sexual orientation Describes physical, romantic, emotional, and/or spiritual attraction to another person Gender identity: one’s personal sense of being a man or a woman Queer: used to describe individuals who challenge dominant views regarding sexuality Transgender: birthassigned sex and their own internal sense of gender identity do not match Gender as: process, stratification and structure Process: social differences that create men and women and their expectations Stratification: ranks men about women same as race and class Structure: divides work in the home and economic production Heterosexism: Normalized white heterosexuality now depends on deviant white homosexuality to give it meaning Symbolic/Optional Ethnicity: Individualistic in nature; choosing to identify with a particular ethnic group. Important to recognize those who do not have the privilege of choosing. Racism: Race as visible marker used to separate people State sanctioned laws that separate blacks from whites in school, housing etc… Def: a system of advantage based on race System of power and privilege It is rooted in society’s structure Cultural Racism: cultural images and messages that affirm the assumed superiority of whites and the assumed inferiority of people of color Prejudice: preconceived judgement based on limited information Is a hostile attitude toward a person who is presumed to have alleged negative characteristics associated with a group to which they belong Refers to peoples attitude Internalized Oppression: internalizing stereotypical categories or negative message about one’s group White Privilege: Negates racial inequality. Whites relieved from truly understanding ow race impacts people of color. Transformative Assets: a particular asset that can transform you/ your family’s life Class mobility: Opportunity to shift from one class to another. A part of the American dream. Has flattened for many in the U.S Fair Housing Act: Protect buyer/renter from seller/landlord discrimination. Unlawful to refuse to sell, to rent to, or to negotiate with any person because of that person's inclusion in a protected class. Readings: 1. Missing People—Arturo Madrid: “The other” Means feeling different Awareness of being distinct Involves contradictory phenomenon 2. A Different Mirror—Ronald Takaki Judged based on his look 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act: first law the prohibited the entry of immigrants on the basis of nationality Asian Americans seen as “Model Minority” Chicanos represent the largest group among the Hispanic population Irish were the first group that the English class “savages” Naturalization Law of 1790 reserved citizenship for whites only Market Revolution employed Irish immigrants in New England factories 3. Oppression—Marilyn Fyre Bird cage Things look different when we see them from close Everything looks fine up close until we take a step back Fundamental claim that women are oppressed Opening Door example Wants us to critic and question everything 4. The Social Construction of Gender—Judith Lorber: Gender as process, stratification, and structure 5. Systems of Power and Inequality—Anderson and Collins Systems of power: systems that differently advantage and disadvantage groups based on their social location Rcg form a structure of social relations 6. Sex and Gender through Different Prism 60s/70s: Women studies focused on the differences between women and men rather than among women and men Didn’t really address the serious issues 7. Prison for our Bodies: Racism and heterosexism both rely on segregating people as a mechanism of social control Racism: Normalized: white heterosexuality :: Deviant: black heterosexuality Heterosexism: Normalized: white heterosexuality :: Deviant: white homosexuality Binary system 8. Invention of Heterosexuality 18201860: Heterosexual did not exist True womanhood, true manhood, true love Purity Early Victorian era Procreation 18601892: Late Victorian Era America Heterolust Desire for proliferation of a new eroticism Normal woman, normal man, normal, love 18921900 “The first years” Dr. James Kiernan: the earliestknown American to use the term heterosexuality 19001930 19 amendment: 1920 The Heterosexual Mystique Human need, drive, and instinct for propagation 19301945 1930: The New York Times: heterosexuality became a first love that dared to speak its name Prostitution/stripping 19451965 Heterosexual hegemony 19651985 Late 60s: feminist rights, homosexual rights 9. Darker Shades of Queer—Han Asian and gay Discriminated by the Asian community for being gay Discriminated by the gay community for being an Asian Negotiating the crisis of “masculinity” 10. Seeing More than Black and White There are other minor group who experience racism but are overseen Latinos have become largely ignored 11. Colorblind privilege Impact of the media on how we view diversity and culturalism Color depiction of US race relations serves to maintain white privilege by negating racial inequality 12. Optional Ethnicities: Explores difference in ethnic identities by white and nonwhite and racial groups Important to recognize those who do not have the privilege of choosing Racial Integrity Act of 1924
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