Violence in Society
Violence in Society 3250
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cheyenne Schoenfeld on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 3250 at University of Colorado Colorado Springs taught by Henriikka Weir in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Violence in society in Criminology and Criminal Justice at University of Colorado Colorado Springs.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
Cohen and Felson: “Routine Activity Theory” Developed by Cohen and Felson Three elements must converge in time and space for a crime to occur o Motivated offender o Suitable target o Lack of capable guardians Suitable targets and lack of capable guardians are seen as the core dimensions of criminal opportunity The lack of any one of these elements can prevent crime Takes the supply of a motivated offender as a given Explains the variations in crime by variations in the supply of suitable targets and capable guardians o Suitable targets have to do with the benefits of crime while capable guardians have to do with the costs of crime o The supply of suitable targets and the presence of capable guardians are a function of our everyday “routine activates” o Originally applied to direct contact predatory offenses but has now been extended to apply to a broad range of crimes o Very similar to lifestyle theory Argues some groups in society tend to pursue lifestyles that increase their exposure to the risk of victimization o The spatial and temporal structure of routine activities play an important role in determining the location, type, and quantity of illegal acts, such as robberies, in a community o The spatial and temporal structure of routine activities play an important role in determining the location, type, and quantity of illegal acts, such as robberies, in a community o Technological advances also have an impact (e.g., automobiles, weapons, cell phones, surveillance cameras, portable devices, etc.) on the crime rate o Routine activities provide offenders with suitable targets Influences value, physical visibility, access, and the inertia of a target against illegal activity (e.g., weight, size, attached or locked features of items that make them more or less more attractive targets) o Microlevel assumptions of routine activity theory Routine activities are any recurrent and prevalent activities which provide for basic population and individual needs Routine activities can occur: At home In jobs away from home In other activities away from home o Since World War II, the U.S. has experienced a shift in routine activities People are more likely to spend time away from home leading to a lack of capable guardians (e.g., homes left unattended during the day) Individuals are more often in public locations increasing suitable targets o Routine activity theory has much empirical support Argues household and family activities entail a lower risk of criminal victimization than nonhousehold activities Support found for this argument Victimization is lower among relatives and lower for groups Argues expensive movable durables have the highest risk of theft and robbery Argues expensive movable durables have the highest risk of theft and robbery o Vehicles and electronics are overrepresented in thefts
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