Possible Test Questions for BIOL1030 FRO1
Possible Test Questions for BIOL1030 FRO1 BIOL 1030
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kassandra Balsters on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to BIOL 1030 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Scott Bowling in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 210 views.
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Date Created: 02/16/16
BIOL 1030 Exam One Test Questions 1. Which of the following is true in the angiosperm life cycle? a. Gametophytes are totally dependent on the sporophytes 2. Working from deep (older) geologic strata toward shallow (younger) geologic strata, what is the sequence in which fossils of these groups should make their first appearance? In other words, order these groups based on when they first appeared on Earth, from oldest to youngest: liverworts (Hepatophyta), single-celled green algae (Chlorophyta), hornworts (Anthocerophyta), and plants with a dominant sporophyte a. 2134 3. The green parts of a liverwort belong to the _______ generation. a. Haploid gametophyte 4. You are hiking in a forest and come upon a mysterious plant, which you determine is the sporophyte generation of a member of either Phylum Lycophyta or Phylum Pterophyta. Which of the following would be most helpful in helping you correctly classify the plant? a. Whether it has microphylls or megaphylls 5. Which of the following groups is represented by 3 in the angiosperm tree above? a. Star anise and relatives 6. Represented by 1 in the angiosperm tree above, which of the following represents a sister group to the rest of the angiosperms? a. Amborella 7. In the phylogenic tree above, which represents the group(s) most closely related to group D? a. A 8. Pine pollen is primarily disseminated by a. Wind 9. The term embryo sac in flowering plants refers to a. The female gametophytes 10. In the phylogenic tree for cellular life shown above, the group represented by 1 is which of the following? a. Bacteria 11. Related classes are divided into _______ as the next taxonomic level. a. Orders 12. This phylum of vascular, seed-bearing plants has only about 70 living species in three genera, including Welwitschia and Ephedra. a. Gnetophyta (gnetophytes) 13. Fleshy edible fruits usually aid seed dispersal by: a. Being eaten by vertebrates 14. This phylum of seed plants includes the tallest plant, the most massive plant, and the oldest plant. Many of its members have needle- shaped leaves with thick cuticles and are thus adapted to dry conditions. a. Coniferophyta 15. In Arabidopsis thaliana, a flowering plant, cells of the sporophyte have 10 chromosomes within each nucleus. How many chromosomes should be in an Arabidopsis gametophyte nucleus? a. 5 16. Represented by 18A or 18B in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum are parasites of animals, including some that cause dysentery that kills about 100,000 people each year; up to 10 million Americans may be infected by these organisms. They can move using lobe-shaped pseudopodia. a. Entamoeba 17. Represented by 15A, 15B, or 15C in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum have double shells of silica that fit together like a box and a lid. As members of the marine phytoplankton, they perform such a large percentage of the photosynthesis done in oceans that they are referred to as the “grass of the sea.” Fossil deposits of these organisms are mined for use in pest control, reflective paints, and filters. a. Bacillariophyta 18. Represented by 13A, 13B, or 13C in the Eukarya tree above, this phylum is named for the structures that its members use for locomotion. Perhaps the most intriguing features of this group are the two types of nuclei that they have (macronuclei and micronuclei) and their unusual sexual reproduction process, conjugation, that involves exchange of micronuclei a. Ciliophora 19. Although it does not belong to the group itself, a member of phylum Ciliophora is most closely related to members of which of the following Eukarya supergroups? a. Stramenopila 20. Represented by 8 in the Eukarya tree above, members of this supergroup have distinctive shapes in the structure of their mitochondria. Trypanosomes in this group include the parasites that cause Leishmaniasis. a. Discicristata 21. Represented by 16 in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum have primarily calcareous tests. Deposits of their tests are common components of limestone rocks, forming chalks such as the white cliffs of Dover. They are an important fossil group, with rich geological record going back over 200 million years. a. Foraminifera 22. Which of the following groups could be represented by 15A, 15B, or 15C on the Eukarya tree above? a. Chrysophyta 23. Represented by 13A, 13B, or 13C in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum include organisms that form zooanthellae in other organisms such as corals, but also has predatory members that can create toxins that they use to kill marine life, including organisms as large as fish a. Dinoflagellata 24. Represented by 15A, 15B, or 15C in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum are all multicellular, and are often large, including some important marine producers called kelps (Sargassum). Their chloroplasts have chlorophylls a and c, and they make unique carbohydrate laminarin for energy storage. a. Phaeophyta 25. Which of the following Eukarya “supergroups” includes, among other groups, Oomycota and Chrysophyta a. Stramenopila 26. Represented by 19A or 19B in the Eukarya tree above, members of this group spend most of their lives as free-living, individual cells, but with the proper trigger will aggregate into multicellular form that migrates toward light. a. Acrasiomycota 27. Represented by 13A, 13B, or 13C in the Eukarya tree above, members of this phylum are unicellular, nonmotile, spore-forming parasites of animals. Some members of this group are infamous as the cause of malaria, one of the deadliest diseases to affect humans. a. Apicomplexa 28. Represented by 7 in the Eukarya tree above, members of this group have a pronounced feeding groove and highly modified mitochondria that do not function for aerobic respiration. Included in this group are the organisms that cause giardiasis (hiker’s diarrhea) and the sexually transmitted disease trichomoniasis. a. Excavata 29. The phycobilins that give color to the organisms in this phylum absorb the colors of light that penetrate deeper into the water, allowing members of this phylum to live at greater depths than other photosynthesizing organisms. Most organisms in this phylum are multicellular, and some are used as a source of agar and carrageenan. a. Rhodophyta 30. The life cycle depicted above is: a. Gametic meiosis 31. A plant with parallel leaf veins and floral parts in multiples of three would be classified as a. A monocot 32. Based on the tree below, which of the following statements is not correct? a. Lizards are more closely related to salamanders than lizards are to humans. 33. Refer to the flower diagram above. The structure labeled (8) is a member of which whorl? a. Corolla 34. A plant with heavily-scented white flowers that opens at night is most likely pollinated by: a. Moths 35. Represented by 15A, 15B, 15C, or 15D in the Archaeplastida tree above, this phylum has only one living species, and has separate male and female trees. a. Ginkgophyta 36. Represented by 11A, 11B, or 11C in the Archaeplastida tree above, this phylum has only six known living species. They are the simplest living vascular plants, having no true roots or leaves; instead, they are essentially forking green stems. a. Psilophyta 37. For the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which of the following groups is most closely related to members of the group at 8? a. Lycophyta 38. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which number indicated the vascular plant clade? a. 5 39. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which number indicated the seedless vascular plants? a. 13 40. Represented by 11A, 11B, or 11C in the Archaeplastida tree above, members of this phylum are characterized by having jointed stems, both above and below ground. Roots grow from the nodes of their rhizomes, while their above-ground photosynthetic stems have scale-like, nonphotosyntheic leaves at their nodes. They also have silica deposits in some of their epidermal cells. a. Arthrophyta 41. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which number indicates the Phylum Chlorophyta? a. 4 42. For the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which of the following groups is most closely related to members of a group that could be placed at 11A, 11B, or 11C? a. Hepatophyta 43. For the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which of the following groups is indicated as number 6? a. Hepatophyta 44. Represented by 15A, 15B, 15C, or 15D in the Archaeplastida tree above, this phylum was the dominant plant group in the Mesozoic era. Some living members of this group produce female cones that can be as heavy as an adult human, and members of this group have the largest sperm known among currently living organisms. a. Cycadophyta 45. Represented by 7 in the Archaeplastida tree above, members of this phylum have no vascular tissue, but they do have green, photosynthetic sporophytes with functional stomata. a. Anthocerophyta 46. Which of the following is true in the moss life cycle? a. Sporophytes are totally dependent on the gametophytes 47. Beginning with the germination of a fern spore, what is the sequence of structures that develop after germination? a. ProtonemaProthallusGametesEmbryoSporophyte 48. Members of this phylum of seedless vascular plants have a gametophyte called a prothallus, from which a sporophyte will grow and take over. The leaves of this dominant sporophyte form are called fronds, and sori are usually produced on the undersides of these fronds. a. Pterophyta 49. The __________ is the sexual structure that produces eggs in many plants. a. Archegonium 50. These are small passages through the cuticle in plants that can open and close, allowing for some control of water loss by evaporation. In plants that have them, they are the main route for uptake of carbon dioxide. a. Stomata 51. Egg cells in gymnosperms are produced by: a. 1N cells from the female gametophyte 52. In the phylogenic tree above, which represents the group(s) most closely related to group C? a. A and D (equally related to C) 53. Which of the following is true of seedless vascular plants? a. Whole forests were dominated by large, seedless vascular plants during the Carboniferous period. 54. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which number indicates Phylum Anthophyta? a. 15 55. Represented by 16A, 16B, 16C, or 16D in the Archaeplastida tree above, this phylum includes the tallest plant, the most massive plant, and the oldest plant. Included in this group are pines, spruces, and redwoods. a. Coniferophyta 56. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which number indicates the vascular plant clade? a. 7 57. For the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, which of the following phyla is most closely related to members of the group at 12? a. Coniferophyta 58. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, the most basal member of group 5 is the phylum a. Lycophyta 59. In the phylogenic tree for Archaeplastida shown above, if 6 represents embrophytes, which phylum does 10 represent? a. Hepatophyta 60. In the flower diagram, the structure labeled (4) is a member of which whorl? a. Gynoecium 61. In the flower diagram, the typical function of the flower part labeled (8) is: a. To attract pollinators 62. Ground tissue cells specialized mainly for performing photosynthesis is called: a. Chlorenchyma 63. Which supergroup is represented by 8 in the Eukarya tree above a. Rhizaria 64. Which of the following Eukarya “supergroups” is most closely related to the group Stramenopila? a. Alveolata 65. Represented by 16A or 16B in the Eukarya tree above, member of this group spend most of their lives as free-living, individual cells, but with the proper trigger will aggregate into a multicellular form that migrates toward light. a. Acrasiomycota 66. Beginning with the germination of a moss spore, what is the sequence of structures that develop after germination? a. ProtonemaGametes ZygoteCapsule 67. Plants with red flowers with long, thick floral tubes and little odor are likely pollinated by: a. Birds 68. The term embryo sac in flowering plants refers to: a. The female gametophyte 69. In the eudicot leaf cross-section above the regions labeled as (1) represents: a. Epidermis 70. Which of the following are the major conductive cells (having larger pores) in the phloem of most flowering plants? a. Sieve-tube members 71. A plant with net-like veins and floral parts in multiples of five would be classified as: a. A eudicot 72. What tissue conducts sugars from the roots to stems and leaves? a. Phloem 73. The ______ is the sexual structure that produces eggs in many plants a. Archegonium 74. Sperm cells in gymnosperms are produced by a. Mitosis by 1N cells from the pollen grain 75. In the vascular plant root cross-section above, the cells between the epidermal layer and the endodermis are the: a. Cortex 76. In the longitudinal root section above, the region labeled as 1 represents the _____. a. Zone of maturation 77. Which of the following groups is represented by 3 in the angiosperm tree above? a. Water lilies 78. What is true of stamens, sepals, petals, carpels, and pinecone scales? a. They are modified leaves 79. What of the following is a structure of angiosperm gametophytes? a. Pollen tubes 80. If Archaeplastida is eventually designated a kingdom that includes the groups taught in this course as being a part of it (Rhodophyta, Chlorophyta, and Plantae), then what will be true of this new kingdom? a. It will be monophyletic 81. The various taxonomical levels of the hierarchical system differ from each other on the basis of a. Their inclusiveness 82. In the pressure flow hypothesis of phloem movement, loading of carbohydrates like sucrose into the phloem occurs by: a. Active transport 83. The plant hormone depicted above promotes lateral bud growth and inhibits lateral root growth: what is it? a. Cytokinin 84. The first step in the germination of a seed is usually a. Inhibition of water 85. Seed plants are a. always heterosporous 86. Above is a woody eudicot stem cross-section. The correct order of these layers, from 1 (outermost) to 4 (innermost), is: a. Primary phloem, secondary xylem, secondary phloem, primary xylem 87. A flower that develops with only sepals, petals, and carpels is a. Incomplete and imperfect 88. The plant tissue that gives rise to all other plant tissues or cell types is: a. Meristem 89. The only dermal tissue cells that typically perform photosynthesis are a. Guard cells 90. Tests and thread-like pseudopodia that can perform phagocytosis are generally characteristic of which group? a. Rhizaria 91. In general, in members of phylum Anthophyta, cells of the gametophyte are: a. 1N 92. What tissue conducts sugars from the roots to stems and leaves? a. Phloem 93. Which group contains the organism, Trypanosoma, that causes African sleeping sickness? a. Discicristata 94. Which of the following pairs of protists and their characteristics are mismatched? a. Ciliates : red tide organisms 95. A seed contains only the developing or dormant embryo and a. 2N cells from the sporophyte that give rise to the female gametophyte and possibly 1N cells from the female gametophyte and/or 3N endosperm cells 96. What is the main force by which most of the water within xylem vessels moves toward the top of a tree? a. Evaporation of water through the stomata 97. Members of this plant phylum have true leaves, but those leaves have only a single vein of vascular tissue and are called microphylls, in contrast to megaphylls that are found in most other vascular plants a. Lycophyta 98. If you see a large flower that smells like rotting meat it is likely pollinated by: a. Flies 99. Where and by which process are sperm produced in plants? a. Mitosis in male gametophytes 100. In seed plants the __________ generation is dominant. a. Diploid sporophyte 101. A water molecule could move all the way through a plant from soil to root to leaf to air and pass through a living cell only once. This living cell would be a part of which structure? a. The endodermis 102. The tissue that directly gives rise to secondary phloem and secondary xylem is: a. Vascular cambium 103. The absorption of water by root hairs is accomplished by: a. Active transport of ions, followed by water coming in by osmosis 104. Water flows into the source end of a sieve tube because a. Sucrose has been actively transported into the sieve tube, making it hypertonic 105. Which of the following is true of the moss life cycle? a. Sporophytes are totally dependent on the gametophytes 106. _____ is to xylem as _______ is to phloem a. Vessel element; sieve-tube member 107. Guard cells are the only cells in the epidermis that contain chloroplasts and can undergo photosynthesis. This is important because a. ATP is required to power proton pumps in the guard cell membranes 108. The gametophyte is the dominant stage in the life cycle for members of which of the following plant phyla? a. Anthocerophyta 109. Protists are alike in that all are a. Eukaryotic 110. The definition of species as one or more populations whose members are capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring is called the ____ species concept a. Biological 111. Which of the following Eukarya “supergroups” includes dinoflagellates, ciliates, and sporozoans and has the Synapomorphy of a continuous sac-like layer just under the plasma membrane? a. Alveolata 112. The Irish potato famine was caused by an organism that belongs to which group? a. Oomycetes 113. Which of the following Eukarya “supergroups” is most closely related to the super group Amoebozoa? a. Opisthokonta 114. Which of these kingdoms is paraphyletic at best? a. Protista
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