New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Topic 3: Newspapers Origins

by: Destiny Giebe

Topic 3: Newspapers Origins MC 101-740

Destiny Giebe
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Objectives to come...
Mass Comm & Society
Frederick Christopher Jones
Study Guide
mass communication, Jouanlism, Graphic Design
50 ?




Popular in Mass Comm & Society

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destiny Giebe on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MC 101-740 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Frederick Christopher Jones in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Mass Comm & Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeast Missouri State University.

Similar to MC 101-740 at SEMO

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


Reviews for Topic 3: Newspapers Origins


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/16/16
Newspapers: Origins The  Romans.    Look  at  all  the  great  things  they've  given  the   world.    Beautiful  architecture,  deep  philosophical  teachings,  toga   parties.    And  the  newspaper.    Okay,  they  weren't  called  newspapers   yet,  they  were  called  news  sheets,  but  they've  been  around  since   the  days  of  Julius  Caesar  (59  B.C.).    Called  Acta  Diurna  ("actions  of   the  day"),  these  ancient  papers  were  posted  on  the  wall  after  each   meeting  of  the  Roman  Senate.    These  news  sheets  remained  popular   in  Europe,  eventually  making  their  way  across  the  ocean  to  the  New   World.     In  1690,  the  colonies  got  their  first  newspaper.    It  lasted  one  day   (evidently  they  ticked  off  some  royal  bigwig).    The  first  American   newspaper  to  last  more  than  one  day  was  the  "Boston  News -­‐Letter",   first  published  in  1704.    It  was  expensive  and  boring.    With   beginnings  like  this,  it's  a  wonder  newspapers  are  still  around.     By  the  late  18 th  century,  there  were  a  few  dozen  papers  in  America,   which  fell  into  two  categories:  partisan  and  commercial.    Partisan   papers  would  typically  be  one-­‐sided,  because  they  were  supported   by  political  groups.    Imagine  the  headlines  if  today's  newspapers   were  run  by  the  political  parties:     "Obama  Claims  Victory  over  Republican  Party  Scumbags"   "Obama  and  Cheating  Democrats  Steal  Election"   Commercial  papers  were  more  interested  in  economic  issues   -­‐   making  them  comparable  to  papers  like   The  Wall  Street  Journal.     DEVELOPMENTS  IN  THE  19TH  CENTURY   The  Industrial  Revolution,  which  had  a  significant  impact  on  books,   brought  similar  changes  to  the  newspaper  industry.    Printing  costs   dropped  dramatically,  which  led  to  the  development  of   penny   papers  (one  guess  how  much  these  papers  cost).  These  papers  were   innovative  for  a  number  of  reasons:   • They  focused  heavily  on  human-­‐interest  stories,  which  dealt  with   the  trials  of  ordinary  people.   • They  were  the  first  to  assign  reporters  to  cover  crime   beats.    Modern  newspapers  assign  reporters  to  all  kinds  of   beats  (education,  city,  sports,  etc.).   • They  received  their  money  from  advertisers,  not  political   groups.    This  made  them  less  likely  to  support  one  particular   party  (but  maybe  more  likely  to  support  one  particular   appliance  store).     Another  major  development  occurred  in  1848,  when  six  New  York   newspapers  established  the  first  news  wire  service.    This  allowed   news  articles  to  be  transmitted  (using  the  telegraph)  and  shared  by   each  of  the  papers.    Today,  wire  services  (like  the  Associated  Press)   have  reporters  stationed  all  over  the  world,  each  submitting  articles   from  their  region.    Newspapers,  like  the  Southeast  Missourian,  pay  a   fee  for  access  to  these  stories,  saving  them  the  expense  and   manpower  of  sending  their  own  reporters  out  all  over  the  globe.       The  "New-­‐England  Courant",  started  by  Ben   A  glimpse  of  the  New  York  Times   Franklin's  brother  in  1721,  was  one  of  the newsroom.    Check  out  this  site  to  see  how   colonial  newspapers.   newspapers  work.     YELLOW  JOURNALISM   Towards  the  end  of  the  19th  century,  newspapers  were  becom ing   big  business.    One  reason  for  the  increase  in  sales   -­‐  the  rise  of   yellow  journalism.    Yellow  journalism  was  a  different,  yet  often   negative,  approach  to  the  news.    Some  characteristics  include:   • Exciting  headlines  in  excessively  large  type   • Increased  use  of  pictures  -­‐  often  faked   • Fraudulent  stories   • Articles  that  stood  up  for  the  underdog       During  this  era,  two  men  fought  to  be  the  king  of  the  newspaper   empire:  Joseph  Pulitzer  and  William  Randolph  Hearst .    In  fact,   yellow  journalism  actually  got  its  name  from  their  fierce  feud.    A   popular  cartoon  of  the  day,  “The  Yellow  Kid”,  often  featured  these   two  men  battling  each  other.     You've  probably  heard  the  name  Pulitzer  before   -­‐  the  "Pulitzer   Prizes"  that  he  helped  establish  are  the  most  prestigious  writing   awards  in  America.    You  might  also  know  that  Pulitzer  started  the   "St.  Louis  Post-­‐Dispatch"  in  1878.    Four  years  later,  he  bought  the   "New  York  World,"  which  became  the  leading  paper  in  the   country.    He  crusaded  against  big  business,  like  Standard  Oil,  and   drew  attention  to  inequities  against  women.    He  contributed  to  the   modern  newspaper  in  a  number  of  ways:  use  of  maps  and   illustrations,  advice  columns  and  most  importantly,  coupons.    Of   course,  like  most  yellow  journalists,  he  encouraged  his  staff  to  run   sensational,  unique  news  stories.     A  few  years  later,  William  Randolph  Hearst  came  to  town,  buying  up   the  "New  York  Journal."    He  came  up  with  a  great  strategy  for   competing  with  Pulitzer  -­‐  he  simply  hired  away  all  of  Pulitzer's   staff.    He  tended  to  be  more  outrageous  than  Pulitzer,  placing  heavy   emphasis  on  crime  and  scandals.    In  one  case,  a  dismembered  body   was  found  in  the  river.    Hearst  ran  a  story  each  day  that  week,   revolving  around  the  latest  body  part  found  by  police.     One  of  the  most  famous  instances   of  yellow  journalism  centered  on   the  Spanish-­‐American  War.    To  build  up  newspaper  sales,  Hearst   started  publishing  stories  about  atrocities  in  Cuba  -­‐  including  lurid   drawings  of  mothers  and  children  being  killed.    Later,  he  blamed   Spain  for  the  sinking  of  the  U.S.S.  Maine  in  Havana,  although  most   people  agree  it  was  an  accident.        However,  these  stories  got  the   American  public  fighting  mad  at  Spain,  so  we  went  to  war  with  them   in  1898  -­‐  a  war  many  people  feel  was  started  by  the  newspapers.     Here  is  a  famous  quote  from  Hearst  that's  worth  repeating,  because   it  really  encapsulates  the  approach  of  yellow  journalists:     “The modern editor of the popular journal does not care for the facts. The editor wants novelty. The editor  has  no   objection  to  facts  if  they  are  also  novel.    But  he  would  prefer  a   novelty  that  is  not  a  fact  to  a  fact  that  is  not  a  novelty.” -­‐   William  Randolph  Hearst     If  you're  interested  in  Hearst's  life,  you  should  check  out  Orson   Welles'  1941  film  "Citizen  Kane."    Due  to  its  timeless  themes  and   stunning  visual  style,  this  film  is  consistently  considered  the   greatest  film  of  all  time  (it's  even  ranked  over   "Dodgeball")    Although  not  exactly  biographical,  the  f ilm  is   obviously  a  portrait  of  Hearst's  complex  life.    The  film  shows  Hearst   as  a  powerful  but  lonely  man,  who  can  only  attain  love  by  buying   it.    Hearst  was  so  upset  with  the  film  that  he  tried  to  buy  the  film   negative  from  RKO  Studios  before  its  release,  intent  on  destroying   it.    Fortunately  he  failed  -­‐  and  this  image  of  William  Randolph  Hearst   as  a  flawed,  power-­‐hungry  man  remains.         Stories  like  the  one  above,  published  by   Orson  Welles  at  the  premiere  of  his  film  "Citizen   yellow  journalists,  were  one  cause  of  the   Kane"  -­‐  a  thinly  disguised  portrait  of  newspaper   Spanish-­‐American  War  in  1898.   mogul  William  Randolph  Hearst.    


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.