New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Topic 3: Newspapers: Modern Era

by: Destiny Giebe

Topic 3: Newspapers: Modern Era MC 101-740

Destiny Giebe
GPA 3.0

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Objectives to come...
Mass Comm & Society
Frederick Christopher Jones
Study Guide
mass communication, Jouanlism, Graphic Design
50 ?




Popular in Mass Comm & Society

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destiny Giebe on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MC 101-740 at Southeast Missouri State University taught by Frederick Christopher Jones in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Mass Comm & Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeast Missouri State University.

Similar to MC 101-740 at SEMO

Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications


Reviews for Topic 3: Newspapers: Modern Era


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 02/16/16
Newspapers: Modern Era     Newspapers  in  the  19th  century  may  not  have  had  color   photographs  and  Sudoku  puzzles,  but  they  had  style.    In  the  era  of   penny  papers  and  the  yellow  press,  papers  were  written  using  the   story  model  of  journalism.    More  like  short  stories  than   contemporary  news,  these  articles  were  written  in  dramatic  prose   and  filled  with  opinion.     Towards  the  end  of  the  19th  century,  the  "New  York  Times"  began  a   new  approach  to  news-­‐writing.    Referred  to  as  the  information   model  of  journalism,  this  style  has  become  the  cornerstone  of   modern  news-­‐writing.    Reporters,  instead  of  trying  to  entertain,   tried  to  remain  neutral  toward  the  story.    In  the  next  lesson,  you'll   learn  how  to  write  news  articles  using  this  style.     Another  type  of  journalism  to  develop  in  the  20th  century  is   investigative  journalism.    Often  seen  in  television  shows  like  "60   Minutes"  or  "20/20",  this  approach  turns  reporters  into  detectives   -­‐   exposing  crimes  or  injustice  to  the  unsuspecting  public.    This  style  is   rooted  in  the  stunt  journalism  of  Nellie  Bly,  a  pioneering  reporter  in   the  19th  century.     Probably  the  most  famous  example  of  investigative  journalism  came   in  the  early  70s,  when  the  Watergate  scandal  was  exposed  to  the   public.    Two  young  reporters  with  the  "Washington  Post ",  Carl   Bernstein  and  Bob  Woodward,  were  assigned  to  cover  a  break -­‐in  at   the  offices  of  the  Democratic  National  Committee,  located  in  the   Watergate  office  complex.    What  started  out  as  a  routine  story   turned  into  a  two-­‐year  investigation  that  led  to  the  resignation  of   many  key  members  of  the  U.S.  government,  including  President   Richard  Nixon.     Inspired by the book "Around the "All The President's Men", starring World in 80 Days", journalist Nellie Robert Redford and Dustin Bly tried to duplicate the feat. She Hoffman as Woodward and finished in 72 days - with daily Bernstein, is an excellent film reports in the paper. about the Watergate cover-up.   NEWSPAPER CATEGORIES Newspapers  today  fall  into  three  basic  categories:     National  papers  (Wall  Street  Journal,  USA  Today)   Dailies  (includes  metropolitan  dailies  like  the  St.  Louis  Post -­‐ Dispatch  and  smaller  dailies  like  the  Southeast  Missourian)   Weekly  papers  (Cash-­‐Book  Journal  in  Jackson)   Most  national  and  metropolitan  dailies  are  conflict -­‐oriented  papers.     Articles  in  these  papers  tend  to  focus  on  problems  within  the  city   -­‐   crime,  corruption  in  government,  trouble  in  the  schools.    On  the   good  side,  stories  like  these  create  public  awareness,  which  often   leads  to  the  problem  being  solved.    On  the  bad  side,  these  articles   often  create  adversarial  relationships  within  the  community,  leading   to  distrust  of  journalists.     Weeklies  and  smaller  dailies  tend  to  be  consensus -­‐oriented  papers.   These  newspapers  promote  their  communities,  carrying  articles  on   high  school  athletics,  local  commerce  or  the  5 -­‐pound  catfish  Betty  Jo   Smith  caught.    Being  non-­‐confrontational  is  a  matter  of  survival  for   these  small  papers.    Let's  say  "Billy  Bob's  Bait  Shop"  takes  out  a  full   page  ad  each  week  in  your  paper.    You  decide  to  run  a  story  about   Billy  Bob  getting  arrested  for  running  over  a  cow.    Odds  are,  Billy   Bob  is  going  to  pull  his  ads  -­‐  and  it  might  be  hard  to  replace  his   business.       NEWSPAPER ECONOMICS   It's  probably  not  a  big  surprise  to  hear  that  fewer  people  read   newspapers  than  they  did  in  the  past.    Once  television  arrived,  many   people  started  turning  to  the  nightly  news  for  their  info rmation.     And  the  immediacy  of  the  Internet  makes  it  even  more  difficult  for   newspapers  to  survive.    This  has  lead  to  many  newspapers  going  out   of  business  -­‐  leaving  most  cities  with  just  one  major  daily  paper.     Now  the  government  doesn't  like  just  one  jou rnalistic  voice  in  a   community,  because  it  leads  to  one-­‐sided  coverage  and  that's  not   democratic.    So  in  1970,  Congress  passed  the  Newspaper   Preservation  Act.    Under  this  act,  two  papers  could  merge  their   business  and  production  operations,  while  keeping  t heir  news   divisions  separate.    This  is  referred  to  as  a  joint  operating   agreement  (JOA)  -­‐  and  often  it's  the  only  way  to  keep  two  competing   papers  in  a  major  market.    This  worked  for  awhile,  but  today  only   five  cities  (for  example,  Salt  Lake  City)  with  joint  operating   agreements  remain.     In  order  for  newspapers  to  survive  in  the  future,  they  will  need  to   find  a  business  model  that  appeals  to  your  generation.    Sorry,  didn't   mean  to  put  so  much  pressure  on  you  


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.