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Psychology Exam One Review

by: Rachel Qualls

Psychology Exam One Review Psyc 2003

Marketplace > Psychlogy > Psyc 2003 > Psychology Exam One Review
Rachel Qualls


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About this Document

These notes cover some critical topics discusses in class and in the book from exam one.
General Psychology
Garrett Pollert
Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Qualls on Tuesday February 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 2003 at a university taught by Garrett Pollert in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 21 views.


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Date Created: 02/16/16
Wednesday, February 17, 2016 Psychology Review for Exam One Helpful Notes for Exam One - Psyche: soul - Logos: to study - William James: pioneered Psychology - Psychology is the study of mind and behavior - The mind refers to the private inner experience of perceptions, thoughts, memories, and feelings, an ever flowing stream of consciousness. - Behavior refers to the observable actions of human beings and nonhuman animals - Structuralists tried to analyze the mind by breaking it down into its basic components - Functionalists focused on how mental abilities allow people to adapt to their environments - Structuralists liked to break everything down - Functionalists studies how people functioned with the environment - Plato: Naturalism (you are born with all of the knowledge you need) - Aristotle: Empiricism (you are a blank slate and you must work your way up) - Naturalism: the philosophical view that certain kinds of knowledge are innate or inborn - Empiricism: the view that all knowledge is acquired through experience - Phrenology: a now defunct theory that specific mental abilities and characteristics, ranging from memory to the capacity for happiness, are localized in specific regions of the brain - Physiology: The study of biological processes, especially in the human body. - Rene Descartes: mind and body dualism. Everything came through the pineal gland - Thomas Hobbes: “the mind is what the brain does” - Joseph Gall believed in the size of the brain- he developed phrenology - dents made you dumb and the size of the brain determined how smart you are 1 Wednesday, February 17, 2016 - Hippocampus is responsible for memory - Amygdala is responsible for fear - Marie Jean Pierre Flourens removed parts of the brain from animals - Paul Broca: had a patient with brain damage who could not speak but could comprehend things - William James was interested in both Wundt’s and Helmholtz’s work. - Helmholtz experimented with a frog (stimulus and reaction time) - Stimulus: sensory input from the environment - reaction time: or the amount of time taken to respond to a specific stimulus after applying the stimulus - Wundt experimented with the consciousness, structuralism and introspection - consciousness: a person’s subjective experience of the world and the mind - Structuralism: the analysis of the basic elements that constitute the mind - introspection: the subjective observation of one’s own experience - Titchener tried to experiment with the consciousness. He brought structuralism to the US. - Hysteria: a temporary loss of cognitive or motor functions, usually as a result of emotionally upsetting experiences. - Unconscious: the part of the mind that operates outside of conscious awareness but influences conscious thoughts, feelings, and actions. - Psychoanalytic theory: An approach that emphasizes the importance of unconscious mental processes in shaping feelings, thoughts, and behavior. - Sigmund Freud worked with patients on recalling past experiences and letting their unconscious to do the work. This is part of the Psychoanalytic Theory. - Humanistic Psychology: an approach to understanding human nature that emphasizes the positive potential of human beings - People where considered free agents - Psychoanalysis: a therapeutic approach that focuses on bringing unconscious material into conscious awareness to better understand psychological disorders 2 Wednesday, February 17, 2016 - Behaviorism: an approach that advocates that psychologists restrict themselves to the scientific study of objectively observable behavior 3


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