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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ayana Smith on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to POSC 110 - 06 at Radford University taught by Edwin Kent Morris in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 152 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Politics in Political Science at Radford University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
Exam #1 Study Guide (Big L) Liberalism – What is it? What is it about? “Mode of Life”: pertains to the idea that individuals are free, independent, autonomous, rights-bearing agents who are free to choose their own conception of a good life. Tenets: Natural Rights Capitalism & Free Constitutionalism Democracy Trade Private Property Free & Fair Separation of Human Rights Elections Church & State *We are ALL liberals Politics – battle of ideas; not what, but the how and why of govt, perspective, (study of) human behavior A practice and activity mediating between numerous interests, relations and antagonisms. - Relationships between people - Study of power The Political – What is it? What is common to the whole; conflict can happen/antagonism - Distinction between friend and enemy - Space in which political voices can be heard o Actual political questions o Different from politics Political Science – What is it? What is it about? Devoted less to the “what” of government than it is to the “why” and “how” Political Theory – What is it? What is it about? Freeing the mind to different/alternative possibilities. All people are the cause of society’s problems. Qualitative and Quantitative methods of POSC studies *This course specifically focuses on Qualitative methods and ideas* Qualitative Methods: describe or understand people and events in their natural setting; studies social phenomena in their entirety while considering the meanings which those being studied give to their actions and to the actions of others. Socrates: annoyed the people of Athens, spoke directly in Republic, teacher to Plato; wants us to examine our lives and evaluate society regularly Plato: student of Socrates, adored him, never spoke directly in Republic; taught later political thinkers/writers to think of political society as a coherent, interconnected whole. First to view politics as a “system” of interrelated functions, an ordered structure. Republic – What is it about? Question of Justice; theoretical exploration of the “city in speech,” Kallipolis Point understand the nature of justice in theory and apply it practically in hopes of making the most equitable place to live Justice – Definitions of justice; concept of justice is about more than the retribution for wrongs committed against or violation of established law (ex. eye for eye; advantage of the stronger) - Socrates definition: virtue and wisdom o Malleable, flexible and changes with the times o Injustice: vice and ignorance *real lesson: can’t take justice for granted* Kallipolis – What is it? What is the purpose of it? How is it arranged? “City in Speech” held together by Noble lie. Seen as blueprint of Utopia which is held together by global justice The Myth of Metals (i.e., the Noble Lie) – in Kallipolis and what does it signal in politics? Purpose: Create order - Gold: Philosopher-Kings - Silver: Guardians & auxiliaries - Bronze/Iron: common people who does what they are best at and happy with Guardians: Police in Kallipolis; born with silver in their soul Philosopher-Kings: “the lovers of seeing the truth” – Socrates (learning, wisdom, knowledge); can’t tolerate falsehood of any kind, but are supposed to protect the Noble Lie Guardian Women and Children: equality between the two sexes; children are removed from mothers at birth; everyone is seen as brothers and sisters Ship of State metaphor: captain = president; sailors = people/masses (us) - Metaphor for why democracy can be problematic Allegory of the Cave – what is it about, consensus view, your view Scholarly consensus role of education/enlightenment; breaks free from cave of ignorance; other’s resistance to understand the enlightenment *the attempt to enlighten the “prisoners of the cave” of their own “truths”* Book VIII constitutions or regimes, especially democracy – what does Socrates say about it? Best regime for Socrates: Aristocracy Democracy (best of the worst): volatile, easily corruptible, could lead to destruction 1. Aristocracy: the rule of the best man or best men, that is directed toward goodness or virtue, the regime of the just city 2. Timocracy: the rule of lovers of honor or of the ambitious men which is directed toward superiority or victory 3. Oligarchy: the rule of the rich in which wealth is most highly esteemed (aka plutocracy) 4. Democracy: the rule of free men in which freedom is most highly esteemed 5. Tyranny: the rule of the completely unjust man in which unqualified and unashamed injustice holds sway *Our own freedom is the enemy*
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