Traditional World Music Midterm Study Guide
Traditional World Music Midterm Study Guide MUSI 3583 503
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MUSI 3583 503
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Bradford MacGyver DDS
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bridget Dixon on Wednesday February 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUSI 3583 503 at Oklahoma State University taught by Kunzel, Stephen N in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3161 views. For similar materials see World Traditional Music in Music at Oklahoma State University.
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Date Created: 02/17/16
World Traditional Music Study Guide Ch1 Central Asia and the Caucasus Which of the following was not part of the former Soviet Republic? Pakistan In the classical music of Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, the performers of shashmaqam follow a system of meters known as: Aruz The maqams, called ‘Buzruk,’ ‘Rast,’ ‘Nava,’ ‘Dugah,’ ‘Segah,’ and ‘Iraq’ take their names from classical Persian modes. True In the musical example Shashmaqam: SarakhborI Râst, the melody gradually develops in successive couplets. Beginning with the ________, a longnecked lute, singers gradually come in, singing in long and short verses, grouped into a formulaic pattern that matches the rhythmic value. Tanbur In the musical example Shashmaqam: SarakhborI Râst, the melody gradually develops in successive couplets. Beginning with the ________, a longnecked lute, singers gradually come in, singing in long and short verses, grouped into a formulaic pattern that matches the rhythmic value. Shashmaqam Shashmaqam, defined as __________, is a genre of music that includes instrumental pieces, songs, poetry, and dance. Six Maqam The first nomads who occupied Central Asia came from the northern grasslands of present day: Uzbekistan The komuz is: A threestringed lute __________, a genre of music from Kyrgyzstan, traditionally relies on instrumental programmatic music that tells stories. The performers bring these stories alive by providing a verbal synopsis prior to performing as well as making theatrical gestures while performing to bring the stories to life. Kuu The choor is: An endblown flute made from reed or wood The Northern Caucasus is the area of the Caucasus made up by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. False Geographically speaking, the Republic of Armenia is located __________ of Georgia South Polyphonic singing was already a mainstay of the Georgian Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy by the: 10 Century The chief musical expression of the Armenian Apostolic Church is the: Divine Liturgy Unlike the Armenians, Geogians almost never sing in monophonic unison 1 True Georgians trace their lineage to the Apostle Andrew in the first century and became Christian in the fourth century. True The Armenian liturgy and its music comprise the Badarak (Mass), the _________ (hymns) sung at the services of the hours, and sharagan sung for the sacraments such as baptism, matrimony and funerals. Sharagan The Armenian liturgy has substantially charged since 1177 AD. False Armenia adopted Christianity as its official religion in: 301 Soorp Badarak is: One of the oldest rites in all of Christendom Ch 2 – South Asian Music Select the feature that is NOT characteristic of Indian Classical Music. Has a written source Khyal originated as a classical genre in the: Mid17 century When Khyāl was first introduced to the Mughal court, it made a striking contrast with dhrupad because Khyāl placed more emphasis on: Emotional pathos The image above represents a musician who was regarded as a legend in his own lifetime, and remains the most famous singer in the history of North Indian classical music. His name is: Mīyān Tānsen To this day, it is still fairly easy to draw a precise distinction between dhrupad and khyal styles in Indian music. False From the following choices, select the nation that does not belong in the Indian subcontinental area that is referred to as South Asia. Tibet The khyāl is the principal genre of vocal music performed today by classical musicians in South India. False By and large, Indian music is taught and learned orally and is performed from memory and/or improvised in varying degrees. True In Indian music, tāla refers to metrical systems, as opposed to the melodic systems of rāga. True The instruments of Indian classical music are ancient instruments of purely Indian origin that have been preserved unchanged for centuries. False 2 What was Vishnu Digambar Paluskara's main accomplishment? Pioneered public concerts of Indian classical music In which of the following does the Benaras gharana, a network of Hindu families based in Benaras, specialize in? All of the above Indian classical music is essentially a solo performance by a melodic soloist (vocal or instrumental), accompanied by other musicians who play a subordinate role in the performance. True The Gwalior style of khyāl of the Khan brothers, recognized as being unique and definitive, has been preserved to the present day by: their many Hindu disciples In the 20th century, Indian classical music came to be seen as a product of what had become a moribund and decadent Mughal, therefore Muslim, court culture. False One of the first musicians to take music out of the courts and into the public arena in India was: Vishnu Digambar Paluskar Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of ghāranā? It has institutional orgins with clear rules and regulations The system of court patronage, whereby classical music was supported by local rulers who employed musicians on a permanent basis, had virtually come to an end in India by: th The end of the 19 century The concept of classical music concerts for the general public, with tickets sold at the door, was introduced in India by: Vishnu Digambar Paluskar Musicians started to travel outside India from around: 1950 Ch 3 – Music of Africa Among the Shona people of Zimbabwe, the sounds of the mbira are believed to have the power to break through the heavens to communicate with ancestral spirits. True Stringed and wind instruments are predominant in: North Africa Instrumental performances in West Africa are dominated by: Percussion instruments Southern African music is particularly noted for: Being home to some of the best known xylophone ensembles on the continent. Name one country from Western Africa Nigeria Name one country from Central Africa. 3 Democratic Republic of Congo Among the Baganda people of Uganda, the drum is a powerful icon of royal authority. True According to the course text, the atsimevu (pictured above) is played by the: Ewe people The endingidi is an example of what type of musical instrument? String instrument According to the course text, the dundun drum (pictured above) is played by the: Yoruba people The Yoruba people, whose population is about 30 million, live in: South Western Nigeria and parts of Benin Republic Please select the word pair that best completes the following sentence: The melodic patterns played on the instrument are outlined as series of _______ short repetitive phrases, each of which consists of ________ beats. Four/twelve One of the reasons why the mbira has been very popular in the United States, and indeed in many Western countries, is that: Its melodic phrases outline harmonic patterns that sound similar to those of Western music The repetitive pattern in the following music example represents: The isaaju pattern The mbira is one of the most sophisticated melodic instruments in: SubSaharan Africa African drummers talk through their drums by: Making their drums imitate speech patterns In a dundun ensemble the iyaalu is the: Principal drum In a dundun drum ensemble, the following music example represents: A cyclic pattern that accompanies the improvisations of the iyaalu. The dundun drum ensemble epitomizes: Yoruba drum music In a dundun ensemble, there is one drum that has a potlike shape and is played with two leather string beaters rather than with a wooden stick. This drum is the: Gudugdu Ch 4 – Caribbean Music Raggae emerged in the: Late 1960s Descendants of the maroons can be found in four major communities. Which of the following is NOT one of those communities: MawuLisa The roots of Jamaican contemporary Rastafarian musical genres can be found in the music of: 4 Kumina Africanisms account for continuity and change in folk and dancehall music in the Caribbean. False What role and function does the ‘yanvalou trilogy’ play in the proceedings of Caribbean rituals? Vodou, salute the Dahomean spirits Select a dancehall music that was not influenced by the Kongo/LoangoAngola culture and tradition. Yanvalou The Caribbean has seen the rise of a variety of musical forms grounded in the European world view. False No single music or dance form represents the Caribbean ethos. True Which of the following countries is usually seen as the cradle of AfroLatin music: Cuba The ritual music of Cuba lived through the _____________, a religion that combines Yoruba spirituality with Catholicism. Santeria The Africanderived religion of Brazil takes the names of Candomble in Bahia, the Macumba in Rio, and Batuque in the northeast. Candomble means: House of drums One famous exponent of merengue in the 1930s, whose composition "Fanm se Larèn Soley" (Women are Sun Queens) expressed a modern view of human relations quite in advance of his time was: Auguste "Candio" de Pradines The Africanderived religion of Brazil takes the names of Candomble in Bahia, the Macumba in Rio, and Batuque in the northeast. Candomble is retained from the Fon and the Yoruba, as in: Cuba Haiti The Orixas originated from over 100 ethnic groups brought to the New World during the slave trade. The Orixas are: African deities In modern times, the two countries that have emerged as the main centers of carnival in the Caribbean are: Brazil and Trinidad and Tobago The 1950s saw the rise of three seminal women composers of traditional Haitian music. Which one of them performed with "Jazz des Jeunes," the greatest ensemble in the first half of the 20th century in Haiti: Lumane Casimir Which of the following traditions are present in the Brazilian Macumba: All of the above The classic form of samba used in the Brazilian carnival is the: Samba de morro One of the main purposes of the exchange of energy between the master drummers in Brazil, the dancers, and the audience is to: 5 Call on the Orixas for their blessings. Merengue, compas direct, and cadence rempas stem from the same: KongoAngola source 6
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