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Psychology: The brain and its structure

by: Diana Taylor

Psychology: The brain and its structure Psych 121

Marketplace > Radford University > Psychlogy > Psych 121 > Psychology The brain and its structure
Diana Taylor

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About this Document

This is a study guide full of easy ways to remember the brain and its structures. Covers Hindbrain, mid and forebrain. Pictures to go along with the mnemonics
Introductory Psychology
Lora Wagner
Study Guide
the brain, brain, Psychology, hindbrain, the limbic system, forebrain, medulla, amygdala, thalamus, hippocampus, hypothalamus, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, pons, brain stem, spinal cord
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Diana Taylor on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psych 121 at Radford University taught by Lora Wagner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Radford University.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
The  Brain       Hindbrain:  Older  brain  structure  –  what  is   formed  first.       Serves  automatic  survival  functions   such  as  memory,  emotions,  and  basic   drives.         Limbic  System:  Mid  brain.  This  is  located   below  the  Cerebral  hemispheres.       Forebrain:  newer  parts  of  the  brain.           Hindbrain:   •   Brainstem:  This  is  the  central  core  of  the  brain-­‐  Where  the  brain  starts  to  STEM  off.  It   begins  where  the  spinal  cord  swells  and  enters  the  brain.  This  is  home  to  the  most  BASIC   functions.     •   Medulla:  Controls  heartbeat  and  breathing.  Think  of  medulla  sounds  like  medals  and   medals  hang  over  your  heart  and  lungs!         •   Pons:  help  coordinate  movement.  Pons  sounds  like  pawns  in  chess  and  pawns  MOVE   across  the  board.     •   Thalamus:  This  is  the  brain’s  sensory  switchboard.  It  gets  info  from  all  the   senses  except  smell  and  sends  it  to  other  brain  regions.  Think  of  two  people   (Thal  and  Amus  working  a  switchboard  helping  info  get  to  where  they  need   to  go).     •   Reticular  Formation:  This  relays  important  info  to  the  brain.  It  affects   arousal  and  sleep/wake  cycle.  Reticular  has  the  word  tickle  in  it.  So  if  you’re   sleeping  and  someone  tries  to  tickle  you,  you  would  wake  up.  Or  a  clock   ticks  and  that  is  what  wakes  you  up  in  the  morning.     •   Cerebellum:  This  is  often  referred  to  as  the  “little  brain”.  It  controls   nonverbal  learning  and  memory.  It  is  most  associated  with  balancing   emotions  and  coordinating  voluntary  movement.  In  the  middle  of   the  word  Cerebellum  is  the  word  Bell.  You  can  think  of  horses  that   pull  wagons  and  carts  that  have  bells  on  them  so  that  every  time  the   horse  MOVES  the  bells  jingle  so  you  can  know  where  they  are/   where  they  are  coming  from.       Limbic  System:   •   Hippocampus:  Processes  memories  and  sends  them  for  storage.  You   can  remember  this  because  not  many  people  every  see  a  HIPPO  and   if  you  did  you’d  want  to  REMEMBER  it  so  you  could  tell  people  and   impress  them.         •   Amygdala-­‐  This  influences  aggression  and  fear.  The  way  I  remember  this  is  the  story   of  AMY  and  her  DOLL  (DALA).  Amy’s  bully  stole  her  DOLL  from  her  on  the  playground   and  she  became  very  ANGRY  and  FEARED  for  the  doll’s  safety.         •   Hypothalamus:  This  is  located  right  below  the  thalamus.  It  coordinates  eating,   drinking,  body  temp.  It  also  helps  govern  the  endocrine   system  through  the  pituitary  gland  and  is  linked  to   emotion  and  reward.  It  is  also  the  pleasure  center.  The   way  I  remember  this  one  is  hyPOThalamus.  We  cook  in   pots  so  we  can  EAT  the  food.  We  also  pour  WATER  into   pots  to  make  certain  foods.       Forebrain:   •   Cerebrum:  85%  of  brain’s  weight.  In  charge  of  perceiving,  thinking,  and  speaking.   This  one  was  hard  to  come  up  with  a  mnemonic.   Cerebrum  has  Brum  in  it  which  reminds  me  of  broom.   When  your  mom  asks  you  to  get  the  broom  and   sweep  you  THINK  “Do  I  really  have  to?”  and  then  you   SAY,  “fine.  Ill  do  it  after  I  finish  this  season  of  my  fav   Netflix  show”.       •   Cerebral  Cortex:  Covers  the  cerebrum.  Ultimate   control  and  info-­‐processing.  Includes  4  lobes.  In  Cortex  there  is  TEX  which   reminds  me  of  texas.  If  you  know  anything  about  texas,  they  always  wear   cowboy  hats  which  COVERS  YOUR  BRAIN!    


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