Hinduism Study Guide
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 108 views.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Religion 1000 Tuesdays and Thursdays 2-3:40 Hinduism Study Guide 1. Basic Information a. South Asian religion b. India, not Indonesia c. Roots are not indigenous to South Asia, nor the word “Hindu” d. “Sindhu”: Sanskrit for large body of water e. “Hindu”: Persian pronunciation of Sindhu f. “Indus”: Greek pronunciation of Sindhu g. “Al-Hind”: Arabic pronunciation of Sindhu h. 19 century was when the word began to describe a religion 2. Indus Valley Civilization a. 3300-1900 BCE b. Indo-European People c. Hierarchical society d. Agrarian economy e. Bronze age technology f. Inter-regional trade with Sumer g. No definite knowledge about religion or language or ethnicity or scripts h. Ended in 1900 BCE 3. Indo-European People a. “Indo”: India b. “European”: People from Europe c. linguistic category, not racial d. nomadic pastoral society e. domesticated animals f. no archaeological record g. came from outside of South Asia h. language was primary means for transmission i. we don’t know how they arrived, or what they did 4. Indo-Aryan People a. “Arya”: noble one b. title not racial category c. religion connected with natural elements i. sacrifices ii. rituals iii. special priests/languages 5. Sanskrit a. Dead classic language b. “Put together, well formed” c. not written until 100 BCE d. Vedas maintained orally during this time e. Precise pronunciation was a must f. Vedic Sanskrit of ritual language not indexical g. Used to interact with the gods 6. Vedas a. Oldest religious texts b. Guides for sacrifices/rituals c. Passed from one another (“parma-para”) d. Considered “Shruti” (sacredly heard) e. “Rishis” (sages who communicate with the gods) f. Veda 1: Rig-veda (oldest hyms) g. Veda 2: Sam-veda (directions on how to sing the hyms) h. Veda 3: Arthara-veda (detailed version of the first veda) i. Veda 4: Vajur-veda (how to officiate) j. Struck fifth veda were epic stories about India’s mythical past 7. Rituals a. Worshipped the old gods that are associated with the elements b. Balances nature and man c. Produces “bandhu” (knot) to people and the gods d. The vedic religion was portable e. Memorized since nothing was written down and all transferred orally f. King’s performed the important “Horse Sacrifice” 8. Important things to know a. “Purusha” (the cosmic man) i. sacrificial victim of the gods ii. creates intelligence iii. the fat from the sacrifice made all things b. Brahmanas i. 900 BCE ii. commentary on the vedas iii. are “shruti” (revealed text) c. Upanishads i. 900-600 BCE ii. “smiriti” (remembered text) iii. sitting at the teacher’s feet and learning iv. establishes world views d. Ramayan i. 1000 BCE ii. story of Ram, the ideal man, who was actually Vishnu iii. bandished from kingdom to forest for 14 years iv. his brother and wife went with him v. his wife was kidnapped by the ten headed god Ravan vi. a monkey god helps Ramayan get his wife back e. Mahabharat i. 1000 BCE ii. story of 2 competing families iii. focus’ on kingship and duty
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