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study guide for exam 1

by: Symone scott

study guide for exam 1 FCNS 230

Symone scott
GPA 2.6

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chapters 1-4
Child Development
Kelly Champion
Study Guide
FCNS, Exam 1, Pregnancy, development
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Symone scott on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FCNS 230 at Northern Illinois University taught by Kelly Champion in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see Child Development in Child and Family Studies at Northern Illinois University.

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Date Created: 02/18/16
FCSN 230 Study Guide Exam 1 chapters 1-4 Chapter 1:  Ethics in research issues  Types of research design and scientific method: An approach that can be used to obtain accurate information  Freud parts of the mind ( id, ego, superego)  , Locke, Tabula Rasa  Continuous and discontinuous development  Theory: An interrelated, coherent set of ideas that helps to explain and make predictions  Periods: Prenatal/infancy/early childhood/middle and late childhood/adolescence domains and context of development  Definitions of development (The pattern of movement or change that begins at conception and continues through the human life span) ethnicity (A characteristic based on cultural heritage, nationality, race, religion, and language) culture (The behavior patterns, beliefs, and all other products of a group that are passed on from generation to generation) and race, hypothesis: A specific assumption or prediction that can be tested to determine its accuracy  Know from where children get their resilience: family- close relationships/high expectations and attending effective schools/connections to positive organizations Chapter 2:  Phenotype: Use of an ethnic label in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as more homogeneous than they really are and genotype: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material  Chromosome: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material DNA: Use of an ethnic label in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as more homogeneous than they really are and gene: Use of an ethnic label in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as more homogeneous than they really are  Mitosis: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material. Meiosis: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material gametes: Egg and Sperm Zygote: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material. Amniocentesis: amniotic fluid test  XX (girl) and XY (boy) st  Down syndrome – caused by an extra chromosome on the 21 pair. Child may have intellectual and physical abnormalities  Know the names of other gene linked abnormalities  How you get fraternal: develop from two different eggs/fertilized by separate sperm and identical twins: develop from one zygote that splits and forms to embryos  Direct and indirect influences on development  Infertility: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material  Natural selection: Use of an ethnic label in a superficial way that portrays an ethnic group as more homogeneous than they really are and adaptive behavior Chapter 3:  Pregnancy lasts how long: 37-40 weeks  Germinal: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material. Embryonic: 2-8 weeks/3 layers form- endoderm, mesoderm, ectoderm  fetal periods of development : begins after 2 months/Fingers, toes, skin, features, lungs, other structures, and reflexes all develop to prepare for birth  Weeks associated with trimesters  How much weight should a woman gain during pregnancy (25 to 30 pounds) expectant mother’s nutrition (Need for protein, iron, vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium increases 50 percent, water is essential)  Exercise during pregnancy: avoid high risk activities/warm up, stretch, cool down and in the last 4 weeks reduce exercise  Information on prenatal care: schedule of visits/education/Screening for manageable conditions and treatable diseases and Information on risks and choices before, during, and after pregnancy  Specifics on prescription and non-prescription drugs, psychoactive drugs: Prescription drugs that can function as teratogens include antibiotics, some antidepressants and hormones/Non- prescription drugs that can be harmful include diet pills and aspirin/Psychoactive drugs Act on the nervous system to alter states of consciousness, modify perceptions, and change moods  Incompatible blood types pose a risk to prenatal development: between mom and father/mom and baby  Maternal age: over 35 years and adolescents is risky  Definitions of blastocyst: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material. Umbilical cord: A person’s genetic heritage; the actual genetic material. Ectoderm:The outermost layer of cells, which becomes the nervous system and brain, sensory receptors and skin parts (examples: hair and nails) mesoderm:The middle layer of cells, which becomes the circulatory system, bones, muscles, excretory system, and reproductive system and endoderm: The inner layer of cells, which develops into digestive and respiratory systems. Teratogens: Any agent that can potentially cause a physical birth defect.  folic acid along with iron should be included in the mother’s diet  Teratology - The field of study that investigates the causes of birth defects Chapter 4:  How many stages of birth (3)  First stage: amniotic sac is broken, cervix dilates about 12 to 14 hours long  Second stage: head moves through cervix into birth canal and baby is born about 45 min long  Third stage: the afterbirth- delivery of placenta/umbilical cord is cut  99% of births happen in hospitals  Midwives: Provide care during pregnancy, birth, and the postpartum period  Doulas: Provide continuous physical, emotional, and educational support before, during, and after childbirth.  Basic types of medications used in labor (methods of childbirth): Analgesics are used to relieve pain *Tranquilizers, barbiturates, and narcotics. Anesthesia is used in late first-stage labor and during expulsion to block sensation in an area of the body or to block consciousness *Epidural block - Numbs from waist down. Oxytocin are Synthetic hormones that stimulate contractions *Used to decrease the first stage of labor  Natural childbirth: Tries to reduce mother’s pain by reducing fear through education, breathing methods and relaxation techniques  c section: Baby removed from uterus through incision in abdomen  Anoxia: occurs during contractions/Insufficient oxygen to the fetus or newborn  Vernix: (skin grease) protects against heat loss  Apgar scale: A widely used method to assess the health of new-borns at one and five minutes after birth *It evaluates infants’ heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, body color, and reflex irritability  Brazelton: A test performed within 24 to 36 hours after birth *Assess new-borns’ neurological development, reflexes, and reactions to people  LBW, Preterm infants: Babies that weigh less than 5½ pounds at birth  Consequences of preterm and low birth weight babies: infants are at a higher risk for learning problems, and behavior problems/delinquency involvement and breathing problems  PPD: post-partum depression-Involves a major depressive episode Characterized by: strong feelings of sadness/anxiety, or despair/difficulty in carry out daily tasks


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