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Ch.5 Review Questions

by: kya fernandez

Ch.5 Review Questions 105

Marketplace > University of Miami > Geography > 105 > Ch 5 Review Questions
kya fernandez
GPA 3.7

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Review questions posted by professor on blackboard and answers from lectures/ textbook material
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by kya fernandez on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 105 at University of Miami taught by Boswell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see Geography in Geography at University of Miami.


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Date Created: 02/18/16
Chapter 5 Review: “Diversity Amid Globalization”  1. Where did the Caribbean get its name?  ­  Some of its former inhabitants, the Carib Indians 2. Which country in the Caribbean has been most adversely affected by deforestation?  ­ Haiti  3. The islands in the Caribbean used to be covered by think forests. Today, however, they have all been seriously affected by deforestation. Why were these forests originally cut over?  ­ Removed for agriculture or fuel wood  4. Climate change (global warming) affects the Caribbean in a several ways. What are some of these?  ­ Rainfall, temperature 5. The Greater Antilles includes 4 islands and 5 countries. Can you name these islands and  countries?  ­ Islands – Puerto Rico, Hispaniola, Jamaica, Cuba ­ Countries – Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico 6. Where in the Caribbean region are the Lesser Antilles?  ­ Double arc of small islands stretching from the Virgin Islands to Trinidad 7. On average, how many hurricanes affect the Caribbean each year?  ­ Half dozen to a dozen 8. Why is population growth declining in the Caribbean? ­ Fertility has declined significantly   9. What is circular migration in the Caribbean?  ­ A man or woman typically leaves children behind with relatives in order to work hard, save money, and  return home  10. What is chain migration and how does it affect the Caribbean?  ­ One family member at a time is brought over to a new country. This can account for the formation of  immigrant enclaves 11. What does the word diaspora refer to?  ­ Movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established homeland  12. What was the indentured labor situation that occurred in the Caribbean during the mid­  nineteenth (mid 1800s) century?  ­ Most colonial governments had begun to free their slavers. Fearful of labor shortages, they sought  indentured labor (workers contracted to laboron estates for a set period of time, often several years) from  South and Southeast Asia 13. Approximately, how many African slaves were brought to the Americas and how many of  these came to the Caribbean?  ­ About 10 million slaves were brought to the Americas and of that 10 million, over half went to the  Caribbean  14. Most of the slaves imported to the Caribbean came from what part of Africa?  ­ West Africa, especially the Gold Coast and the Bight of Biafra  15. In the Caribbean islands, who were the maroons? ­ The communities of runaway slaves   16. In terms of languages, what are the meanings of the words creole and patois as they are used throughout the islands in the Caribbean?  ­ Creole was negatively viewed as a corruption of standard European forms. Patois is the language of  Haitians, used more on the street, the home, an oral tradition 17. How can you explain the many “Changing Colonial Masters” depicted in Figure 5.22 on page  204 of your textbook?  ­ Important proving ground for European colonial ambition and trade 18. What was the significance of the Monroe Doctrine stated in 1823 for the Caribbean region?  ­ US would not tolerate European military involvement in the Western Hemisphere, the US government  made it clear that it considered the Caribbean to be within its sphere of influence 19. For the Caribbean, what was the significance of the Spanish­American War in 1898?  ­ Secured Cuba’s freedom from Spain and also resulted in Spain’s ceding the Philippines, Puerto Rico,  and Guam to the US 20. Which island in the Caribbean is described by the following characteristics: it is a  commonwealth of the United States; its citizens can freely travel back and forth between it and the U.S.; its people cannot vote in U.S. elections for the Presidency although they are citizens of the  U.S.; it receives massive welfare aid and food stamps from the U.S.; it became part of the U.S.  right after the Spanish­American War in 1898; it experienced rapid industrialization during the 1960s?  ­ Puerto Rico 21. Why has Cuba had such a contentious relationship with the United States since 1959?  ­ Fidel Castro took over in 1959 after resenting decades of American neocolonialism. Castro’s  government nationalized American industries and took ownership of all foreign owned properties. The US  responded by refusing to buy Cuban sugar and ultimately ending diplomatic relations with the state.  22. What are some of the islands in the Caribbean that have the highest standards of living? What  are some of those with the lowest standards of living? (See Table 5.2, on page 210)  Highest standard of living: Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Bahamas, Trinidad Lowest Standard of living: Haiti, Guyana, Montserrat  23. What is the significance of the Banana Wars in the eastern Caribbean?  ­ A minimum price was guaranteed to farmers by the EU. Big countries such as the US pressured them to not make a guaranteed price, resulting other farmers to plant other things. Example of losers of  globalization 24. Many of the Caribbean islands have been trying to convince foreign investors to establish  assembly­plant factories their countries. Why do these countries want these plants and what in  turn can these Caribbean countries offer foreign investors?  - They want the plants to increase employment in exchange countries offer cheap labor, local tax break,  and federal tax exemptions 25. What are free trade zones (FTZs) and why are they being promoted by countries in the  Caribbean? (Note: this question overlaps with question number 24 in the sense that the answers  to questions 24 and 25 are similar.)  ­ Duty free and tax exempt industrial parks. It attracts foreign corporations  26. Although Puerto Rico started the industrialization development in the Caribbean, more  recently which country in the Caribbean has been pushing most vigorously for the development  of its FTZs?  ­ Dominican Republic 27. What is Offshore Banking and on which islands has it become most developed in the  Caribbean? (See Figure 5.28, page 214 in your textbook)  ­ Islands or microstates that offer financial services that are confidential and tax exempt (Bahamas and Cayman Islands) 28. Tourism has become an important industry in the Caribbean. What are some of the islands  where this industry has been developed the most? (See Figure 5.29 on page 215)  ­ Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Bahamas, Jamaica, British Virgin Islands  29. Remittances from immigrants living in more developed countries (such as the United States)  have become increasingly important in the economies of the Caribbean islands. What are some of the islands that have relied on remittances to provide a high share of their GDPs? (See Table 5.6.1 on page 218 in your textbook) ­ Jamaica, St. Kits and Nevis, Grenada, Barbados


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