Music and the Media, Study Guide for Exam One
Music and the Media, Study Guide for Exam One MUNM-25100
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaitlyn Gendron on Thursday February 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MUNM-25100 at Ithaca College taught by Dr. Peter Rothbart in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 122 views. For similar materials see Music and the Media in Music at Ithaca College.
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Date Created: 02/18/16
Music and the Media Study Guide – Exam One Week One Review: Aaron Copland’s 3 Levels of Listening Music/Perception 1.) Emotional (Sensous) o The initial level of sense perception o Level of pure sensation and reaction 2.) Expressive/Associative o The level of memory, conscious or subconscious o Where we associate a stimulus with something (ex. This is our song ex. This reminds me of…) 3.) Syntactic (Sheerly Musical) o Good vs. Bad judgment is formed o Emotional - Listening for the pleasure of the musical sound itself o Expressive/Associative - Copland believes that all music has an expressive power and a certain meaning behind the notes constitutes what the piece is about and what the piece is saying. You should not have to connect music to anything definite. It does not always symbolize or represent something. o Syntactic - Listening to elements of the music is what defines it as being sheerly musical. To listen for pleasure. Rhythms, harmonies, tone colors, staccatos are all examples of musical elements that make pieces appeal to the ear, and make us enjoy music for the purpose of being ‘sheerly musical’ Vocab Temporal Art- Art you cannot experience without the passing of time (Ex. Music, Theater, Film, Fashion) Static Art- Art that stays the same over time (Ex. Photography, Sculpture, Literature) Pulse- An equal division of time Circadian Rhythms- Naturally occurring cyclical events Atonal- Cannot find root or home note to a piece of music Week Two Review: Monophony- There is only one melody occurring Homophony- Melody with accompaniment Polyphony- Many musical lines going on simultaneously all of equal importance. (Counterpoint, Contrapuntal) Within this there is free/imitative counterpoint Imitative- The same line occurs at the same time or at different points among different parts Free Counterpoint- The various musical points within this polyphony don’t repeat and aren’t similar One tends to divide the pulse/beat into duple/triple meter There is also the possibility of non-rhythmic or mixed meter Music has four essential elements: Rhythm, Melody, Harmony, and Tone Color It wasn’t until about 1150 that “measured music” as it was called was slowly introduced to western civilization Meter vs. Rhythm Meter divides the notes into metrical units by distributing note values o However, this still does not give us the rhythm of the phrase One gets rhythm when you stress the notes using the musical sense of the phrase It wasn’t until the end of the 19 century that composers began writing pieces in mixed meters (Not duple or triple) Polyrhythms: The combination of two or more independent rhythms at the same time Melodic lines need to have satisfying proportions The line must be long and flowing with low and high points of interest and a climactic moment usually near the end Cadances: Divide the melodic line into more easily understandable phrases. They are like temporary resting points All melodies exist within the limits of some scale system Scale- A certain arrangement of a specific series of notes There have been four main systems of scale building: Oriental, Greek, Ecclesiastical, and Modern Harmony is the most sophisticated of the three musical elements (Rhythm, Melody, Harmony) and was unknown in music until th about the 9 Century o Up until then music we have any record of consisted of a single melodic line Harmonic theory is based on the assumption that all chords are built from the lowest note upwards in a series of intervals thirds Week Three Review: Vocab Motif/Leitmotif- A short, recognizable musical idea Tone Color- The quality of sound produced by a particular medium of musical tone production o Tone Color is also referred to as timbre Timbre in music is equivalent to the use of color in painting Musical Texture There are three kinds of musical texture: o 1.) Monophonic- A single, unaccompanied melodic line (no harmony) ex. Gregorian Chant o 2.) Homophonic- A principal melodic line and a chordal accompaniment o 3.) Polyphonic- Separate and independent melodic strands coming together and forming harmonies Makes greater demands on the attention of the listener It requires that we listen in a more linear fashion Week Four Review: General Characteristics of Art: 1.) You are aware of the syntax o Intent is captured o Syntax is part of the experience 2.) It is unique 3.) You can reinterpret it many times 4.) The more you know the more you understand, the more in- depth the experience 5.) Evokes a sense of sublimeness (something that is beyond human comprehension) 6.) Location (usually in a museum to create focus on a piece) 7.) Lasts across time and culture (and its message crosses cultures and withstands the test of time by staying relevant) 8.) Allows for reflection 9.) The purpose is to provoke thought (versus entertainment’s purpose to subdue thought and to relax) 10.) Often relies on archetypes (avoids stereotypes) o An archetype is a common theme/idea that crosses cultures and time Ex. Mother Earth, Darkness/Night, Forbidden love Entertainment Characteristics A diversion from everyday reality Temporary suspension of reality Largely tied into the emotional level, wants to make you feel Associating certain expectations with what you would want or expect from a certain situation or program you put on (ex. You see your favorite comedian so you expect them to be funny) Syntax is what makes it successful you don’t want to be aware of it, but it has to be there (How something is delivered/presented) Media Art Characteristics Relies on stereotypes and clichés o An over simplified image or perspective The beauty of art remains in the syntax
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